EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

A systemic framework based on the One Health approach to assess the performance of Nature-based Solutions in urban areas 

Aurore Toulou1,2, Lucie Merlier1, Bernard Kaufmann3, Claire Harpet4, and Frédéric Lefèvre1
Aurore Toulou et al.
  • 1CETHIL UMR 5008, Univ. Lyon, INSA Lyon, UCBLyon1, CNRS, 9 rue de la Physique, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
  • 2ADEME - Agence de la transition écologique, 20 avenue du Grésillé, BP 90406 49004 Angers Cedex 01, France
  • 3LEHNA UMR 5023, Univ. Lyon, ENTPE, UCBLyon1, CNRS, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
  • 4EVS UMR 5600, Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3, 69008 Lyon, France

Nature-based Solutions (NbS) in urban areas can be solutions that simultaneously enable adaptation to climate change, preserve biodiversity, and ensure human health and well-being. Since NbS are open systems, their behavior is highly dependent on their interactions with the environment, which are particularly complex and diverse in the urban ecosystem. The dynamics of the urban socio-ecosystem are driven by humans who create new flows, new interactions and further redefine natural ecological processes.  

Urban NbS have the potential to deliver multiple benefits, such as cooling air, regulating the water cycle, capturing pollutants, producing biomass, contributing to the creation of ecological corridors, providing spaces for socialization and recreational activities, and improving quality of life. However, in the literature, their effectiveness is mainly assessed through siloed approaches, making it fragmented and unnuanced, with the outcomes rarely studied together. Following this, we develop a systemic framework, based on the “One Health” approach, to assess NbS as complex systems having interactions with biodiversity, microclimate, and humans. A well-performing NbS is assumed to be a solution in which biodiversity and humans are healthy in a mitigated microclimate. Through this systemic analysis, several outcomes of a NbS are studied together and links can be identified between the underlying processes, as synergies or antagonisms.

This work presents the One Health assessment framework. It is based on semantic work to define the system and conceptualize the One Health approach. It was supplemented by a literature review of studies developing other systemic frameworks and studies on the impacts of NbS. In addition, the framework was first developed for a particular type of urban NbS, green spaces, in order to focus on solutions based on the same objects – lawn, shrub, and tree –, and therefore, with mostly identical ecological functions.

This work was supported by the LabEx IMU (ANR-10-LABX-0088) of Université de Lyon, within the «Plan France 2030» operated by the French National Research Agency (ANR), and the French Agency for Ecological Transition (ADEME).

How to cite: Toulou, A., Merlier, L., Kaufmann, B., Harpet, C., and Lefèvre, F.: A systemic framework based on the One Health approach to assess the performance of Nature-based Solutions in urban areas , EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-11799,, 2023.