EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The WOODPDLAKE project. Lakes, wood and sediment: Natural and Cultural Heritage affected by climate changes

Swati Tamantini1, Giancarlo Sidoti2, Federica Antonelli3, Giulia Galotta3, Maria Cristina Moscatelli1, Davor Kržišnik4, Vittorio Vinciguerra1, Rosita Marabottini1, Natalia Macro2, and Manuela Romagnoli1
Swati Tamantini et al.
  • 1University of Tuscia, Department for Innovation in Biological, Agro-Food and Forest Systems, Viterbo, Italy (;;;;
  • 2Ministry of Culture, Central Institute for Restoration, ICR, Chemistry and material testing laboratory, Via di San Michele 25, 00153, Rome, Italy (;
  • 3Ministry of Culture, Central Institute for Restoration, ICR, Biology laboratory, Via di San Michele 25, 00153, Rome, Italy (;
  • 4University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Wood Science and Technology, Rožna Dolina Cesta VIII 34, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia (

Wooden pile dwellings (WPD) are an inexhaustible and precious source of information on landscape evolution and contingent cultural activities. There have been significant investigations on WPD submerged in Alpine areas, but important knowledge gaps are evident regarding Mediterranean volcanic and karstic lakes. The conservation of the latter archaeological remnants is endangered by the climatic change impacts and anthropogenic pressure, further exacerbated by the sensitive and circumscribed lake environments. Wood from pile dwellings is waterlogged, and its conservation mostly depends on the surrounding environment i.e. sediments and water quality. This project aims to study all the aspects of WPD in volcanic and karstic lakes through studies ranging from their potential exploitation, the investigation into their conservation and restoration, monitoring lake environment and forecasting scenarios through an aquarium reproducing the most significant abiotic conditions occurring in the lake. This last study will be achieved by means of an aquarium model. Three case studies have been selected in which agricultural practices influence climatic stress and pollution impact: Lake Banyoles in Spain and Lakes Bolsena and Mezzano in Italy. The foreseen investigations will employ an extraordinarily wide spectrum of skills and disciplines (palynology, dendrochronology, micromorphology, soil science and innovative tools like isotopic analysis). The characterization of wooden materials will involve gravimetric measurements, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) and thermogravimetry. Samples will derive from different sources to include immersed, reburied finds and restored wood, lake water and lake sediment samples. The main activities will be devoted to fields campaigns and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), high-resolution methods for monitoring environmental conditions (for example the installed probe will measure water lake temperature, pH and so on), capitalization of results (network of big data about lake sites), involvement of local actors and population on the historical, cultural and environmental value of WPDs to establish decision-making processes and to foster high-quality tourism.

How to cite: Tamantini, S., Sidoti, G., Antonelli, F., Galotta, G., Moscatelli, M. C., Kržišnik, D., Vinciguerra, V., Marabottini, R., Macro, N., and Romagnoli, M.: The WOODPDLAKE project. Lakes, wood and sediment: Natural and Cultural Heritage affected by climate changes, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-15116,, 2023.