EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Simulation of different georeservoir conditions on a highly-permeable sandstone

Marco Fazio and Martin Sauter
Marco Fazio and Martin Sauter
  • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Angewandte Geologie, Göttingen, Germany (

Studying the mechanical and hydraulic behaviour of rocks at different depths is crucial to understand their potential as georeservoirs. In particular, permeability and porosity are affected by changing conditions and their values measured at surface do not represent the real value at a certain depth. Mostly rocks with low or intermediate permeability have been tested in this regard. Here, instead, we focus on a highly porous and permeable rock (approximately 25% and 1000 mD respectively): Bentheim sandstone.

Because of its petrophysical properties Bentheim sandstone is regarded as a reference rock material in laboratory experiments of rock mechanics: it is quasi monocrystalline (quartz up to 97%), with a well-sorted grain size distribution and well-connected pores, showing lateral continuity and homogeneous geometric, hydraulic and mechanical properties at the block scale.

Unsurprisingly, Bentheim sandstone, as a georeservoir, has been extensively tested in triaxial conditions for a variety of purposes, from oil and gas exploitation to geothermal energy and carbon storage and sequestration projects. In fact Bentheim sandstone is taken into consideration as a potential warm aquifer for low-cost geothermal energy and for studying anhydrite cementification in georeservoirs. Since Bentheim sandstone can be found at more than 2 km deep and has been previously buried down to 3.5 km, it is important to fully understand its behaviour at different pressure, temperature, hydraulic and stress-hystory conditions.

Previous laboratory studies have shown how the permeability of Bentheim sandstone is affected by effective confining pressure, bedding orientations and axial strain. In particular, it has been observed that an increase in effective pressure, corresponding to an increase in depth, does not influence the permeability of this sandstone. In reservoir geomechanics, this is a crucial finding. However, rocks at depths also experience different temperature and fluid pressure conditions, as well as different types of historic stress evolution. Although, general relationships between permeability and these parameters do exist, their specific effect on Bentheim sandstone has never been investigated in detail.

Based on triaxial experiments in a state-of-the-art apparatus, we demonstrate on large cylindrical samples the behaviour of Bentheim sandstone for quasi reservoir conditions. Our goal is to fill in the gap in understanding the hydromechanical behaviour of this highly-permeable rock and concomitant permeability changes at different georeservoir conditions, where a suite of geomechanical parameters is investigated.

How to cite: Fazio, M. and Sauter, M.: Simulation of different georeservoir conditions on a highly-permeable sandstone, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-15956,, 2023.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary material file