Chronic exposure to non-eruptive volcanic activity as cause of pulmonary oxidativestress and apoptosis in mice
- 1Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of the Azores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
- 2IVAR – Instituto de Vulcanologia e Avaliação de Riscos, University of the Azores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
- 3CE3C – cE3c, Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes /Azorean Biodiversity Group, University of the Azores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal
Volcanogenic air pollution studies and their effects on the respiratory system are still outnumbered by studies regarding the effects of anthropogenic air pollution, representing an unknown risk to human population inhabiting volcanic areas worldwide (either eruptive or non-eruptive areas).
This study was carried out in the Azorean archipelago of Portugal, in areas with active non-eruptive volcanism. The hydrothermal emissions within the volcanic complex of Furnas (São Miguel Island) are responsible for the emission of nearly 1000 tons of CO2 per day, along with H2S, the radioactive gas –
radon, among others. Besides the gaseous emissions, metals (e.g., Hg, Cd, Al, Ni) and particulate matter are also released into the environment. We test the hypothesis whether chronic exposure to hydrothermal emissions causes pulmonary oxidative stress, using Mus musculus as a surrogate species. M. musculus were live-captured in: two villages with hydrothermal emissions and one village without any type of volcanic activity. Immunohistochemical evaluations were performed to access the level of pulmonary oxidative stress using an OxyIHCTM Oxidative stress detection kit, and the detection of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) was used to evaluate apoptosis in lung tissues. Mice chronically exposed to hydrothermal emissions presented increased levels of oxidative stress and amount of apoptotic cells. We demonstrate, for the first time, the high oxidative stress potential in the lungs of mice chronically exposed to hydrothermal emissions. This study also highlights the Mus musculus as a useful bioindicator for future biomonitoring programs in these types of volcanic environments.
How to cite: Camarinho, R., Linhares, D., Garcia, P., and Rodrigues, A.: Chronic exposure to non-eruptive volcanic activity as cause of pulmonary oxidativestress and apoptosis in mice , EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17321, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu23-17321, 2023.