EGU23-17611, updated on 10 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Fault slip and fault-zone damage of the 6 February 2023 Kahramanmaraş earthquake duplet estimated from 3D displacement derivations of Sentinel-1 radar images

Jihong Liu1, Xing Li1, Adriano Nobile1, Yann Klinger2, and Sigurjón Jónsson1
Jihong Liu et al.
  • 1Division of Physical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Saudi Arabia (;
  • 2Université de Paris Cité, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, CNRS, Paris, France

We report on the surface displacements of the 6 February 2023 Kahramanmaraş earthquake duplet derived from pixel-offset tracking of Sentinel-1 radar images. From both ascending and descending orbit images, along-track (azimuth) and across-track (range) pixel offsets were derived, yielding four different offset images from which we inverted for three-dimensional surface displacements. The resulting horizontal surface displacements clearly show the left-lateral motion across the two main faults, with the vertical displacements small in comparison, confirming the almost pure strike-slip mechanism of both events. Comparison with GPS data indicates that an accuracy of ~10 cm can be achieved for the horizontal displacements. From the offset results, we mapped the main surface rupture of the first event along the East Anatolian Fault (EAF) for ~300 km and the surface rupture of the second mainshock for over 100 km, i.e., somewhat shorter than illuminated by the aftershocks. Using multiple profiles across the faults, of the fault-parallel displacements derived from the offset results, we find three slip maxima along the EAF, with the largest slip (6-7 m) found northeast of the epicenter, ~30 km east of the city of Kahramanmaraş. Another slip maximum (~4 m) is found further southwest, near Islahiye, with fault slip abruptly decreasing near Antakya at the southwestern end of the rupture. The maximum surface offset of the second fault is even larger than for the first rupture, or about 8 m, and it is found near the epicenter. In addition to localized deformation along the main rupture, across-fault profiles of both fault-parallel and fault-perpendicular displacement components also show deformation gradients that might be evidence for off-fault damage extending several km away from the surface ruptures. From the derived coseismic 3D displacements and GNSS observations, we inverted for spatially variable fault slip, revealing that most of the fault slip occurred above 15 km with maximum slip of both quakes reaching almost 10 m. The spatially variable slip model of the first mainshock has primarily three areas of high slip, like what is seen at the surface. Together the results have provided a quick and a complete overview of surface fault offsets and what faults were activated in the earthquake and will help assessing the influence these large earthquakes have had on other faults in the region.

How to cite: Liu, J., Li, X., Nobile, A., Klinger, Y., and Jónsson, S.: Fault slip and fault-zone damage of the 6 February 2023 Kahramanmaraş earthquake duplet estimated from 3D displacement derivations of Sentinel-1 radar images, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17611,, 2023.