EGU23-17612, updated on 10 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Mapping the ruptures of the Mw7.8 and Mw7.7 Turkey-Syria Earthquakes using optical offset tracking with Sentinel-2 images

Floriane Provost1, Jérôme Van der Woerd1, Jean-Philippe Malet1,2, Alessia Maggi1, Yann Klinger3, David Michéa2, Elisabeth Pointal4, and Fabrizio Pacini5
Floriane Provost et al.
  • 1ITES / University of Strasbourg, Frascati RM, France (
  • 2Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre, EOST / CNRS UAR 830, Strasbourg
  • 3Institut de Physique du Globe, IPGP / CNRS UMR 7154, Paris
  • 4ForM@Ter – Pole Terre Solide, CNRS UAR CPST2013, Paris
  • 5Terradue srl, Roma

Monday February 6, 2023, two large Mw7+ earthquakes struck Turkey and North-Syria. The first event occurred along the N60 striking East Anatolian Fault (EAF) and its prolongation towards the Dead Sea Fault, the N25 striking Karazu fault, with an epicenter 30 km south-east off the main rupture zone. The second event is located to the north of the first one, along the N100 Sürgü-Çartak fault. Focal mechanisms of both shocks exhibit a dominant left-lateral strike-slip component on sub-vertical faults. These ruptures and mechanisms are compatible with Anatolia westward extrusion between the North and East Anatolian faults in response to Arabia-Eurasia convergence. The complex geometry of the activated faults during this earthquake sequence sheds light on how strain is partitioned and distributed among the faults of this triple-junctions linking Nubia, Arabia and Anatolia.

The current constellation of Earth Observation satellites allowed for rapid acquisition of the whole impacted area shortly after the mainshocks. On February 9, 2023, the Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite captured a set of optical images while the region was mostly cloud free. This dataset offers a complete coverage of the system of faults activated during these events at 10 m spatial resolution. Although this resolution is not sufficient to map surface ruptures directly from the images, image correlation (also known as offset tracking) techniques can be applied on these images to retrieve the distribution of the surface displacement. In the present work, we used the GDM-OPT-ETQ service of the ForM@Ter solid Earth data hub to measure (with the open source photogrammetry library MicMac) the co-seismic displacement between images of January 25, 2023 and February 9, 2023. The massive processing was performed on the Geohazards Exploitation Platform (GEP). The final products of the processing are East-West and North-South displacement maps covering an area of  300 km x 300 km at 10 m resolution and further 2D strain maps are also derived. Spatial offsets in the range of 3 to near 10 m are identified with large geographic variability along the faults. 

These maps significantly contribute to identify and map the ruptures of the Turkey-Syria earthquakes and determine the along fault displacement. The spatial distribution of the displacement will be discussed together with a first order cluster analysis of the seismic sequence using an aftershock catalogs. The combined datasets should allow us to better understand the complexity of the on-fault and off-fault deformation pattern.

How to cite: Provost, F., Van der Woerd, J., Malet, J.-P., Maggi, A., Klinger, Y., Michéa, D., Pointal, E., and Pacini, F.: Mapping the ruptures of the Mw7.8 and Mw7.7 Turkey-Syria Earthquakes using optical offset tracking with Sentinel-2 images, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17612,, 2023.