EGU23-17616, updated on 30 Mar 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Surface Displacement and Source Parameters of the Mw 7.7 and Mw 7.6 Kahramanmaraş Earthquakes

Haluk Özener1, Çağkan Serhun Zoroğlu1, Egehan Vardar1, Emre Havazlı2, Tülay Kaya Eken1, and Mahyat Shafapour Tehrany1
Haluk Özener et al.
  • 1Bogazici University, Kandilli Observartory&Earthquake Research Institute, Depertment of Geodesy, Istanbul, 34684, Türkiye (
  • 2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA

On February 6th, 2023, a devastating earthquake with a magnitude of Mw7.7 occurred in the Kahramanmaras region of Türkiye. The earthquake is caused by the rupture of a NE-SW oriented left lateral strike-slip Pazarcık fault segment located between the East Anatolian Fault (EAF) and Dead Sea Fault (DSF) fault systems. The aftershock sequence of the earthquake indicated that post-seismic deformation continued along the EAF and DSF toward the NE and SW. Just 9 hours later, another earthquake with a magnitude of Mw7.6 occurred along the EW-oriented left lateral Sürgü Fault, located approximately 100 km north of the first event. These two earthquakes released a significant amount of energy and affected ten provinces in southeastern Türkiye. The earthquake region is characterized by a complex tectonic structure actively deforming through a network of strike-slip, thrust, and normal faults formed by the convergence of the Arabian Plate to the Eurasian Plate and the westward movement of the Anatolian Plate. It is of utmost importance to understand the co-seismic and post-seismic surface deformation behavior to make reliable seismic hazard assessments.

To better understand the deformation patterns during and after the Kahramanmaraş earthquakes, we processed Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data sets obtained before and after the earthquakes. We used both ascending and descending track SAR images of the ESA Sentinel-1 to detect the surface displacement. Then, we incorporated the post-seismic deformation patterns from the relocated aftershock events to the InSAR derived deformation field to gain insight into the source properties of the events. Our preliminary results revealed several meters of displacement across the faults.

How to cite: Özener, H., Zoroğlu, Ç. S., Vardar, E., Havazlı, E., Kaya Eken, T., and Shafapour Tehrany, M.: Surface Displacement and Source Parameters of the Mw 7.7 and Mw 7.6 Kahramanmaraş Earthquakes, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17616,, 2023.