Preliminary Seismic and Geodetic Observations of the Mw7.8 and Mw7.6 Earthquakes in Eastern Turkey
- 1Bogazici University, KOERI, Department of Geophysics, İstanbul, Turkey (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- 2ISTerre laboratory in Grenoble, France
- 3Bogazici University, KOERI, Department of Geodesy, İstanbul, Turkey
On 6 February 2023, Mw7.8 Kahramanmaraş earthquake sequence ruptured a section of ~300 km of the East Anatolian Fault (EAF). The rupture was initiated with a relatively small ~Mw7.0 event on the Narli Fault, a subparallel prolongation to the Amanos segment breaking ~50 km of its length to the north before reaching to the EAF, ~20s later. The Mw7.8 earthquake was followed by a Mw7.6 event rupturing E-W oriented Çardak Fault on the north of the EAF, ~9 hours later. The initial part of the rupture along the Narlı fault with Mw7.0 earthquake has significant normal component while the rest of the rupture is mostly left-lateral strike slip consistent with the EAF. The pixel correlation of satellite images shows that the rupture of the Mw7.8 event extends for 300 km along the EAF with a maximum slip of ~9 m near Kahramanmaraş Junction. Preliminary finite-fault models show that average rupture velocity toward north-east is faster (~ 3km/s) compared to the southwest (~2 km/s). The north-east extent of the rupture almost reached to the termination of the 2020, Mw6.8 Sivrice earthquake, while to the southwest, it extends to the east of the city of Antakya. The Mw7.6 earthquake has surface offset of ~10 m extending E-W for ~100 km between the EAF in the east and Savrun Fault in the west. The aftershock zone expanded over a wide region during the first few days, all over the eastern Anatolia. The seismic activities triggered on Malatya, Savrun and Göksun Faults are consistent with Coulomb stress increases. Earthquake focal mechanisms solutions are consistent with the kinematics of the ruptured faults with strike slip solutions. Normal fault solutions are observed at the terminations of the ruptures with Coulomb stress increases. The normal fault is activated on the southern border of the Hatay Graben, with a continuation to the Cyprus Arc. In this presentation we present the preliminary results of the seismicity, slip model including GNSS, seismic and InSAR data as well as the satellite obtained surface offsets.
How to cite: Güvercin, S. E., Konca, A. Ö., Karabulut, H., Eskiköy, F., Hollingsworth, J., and Ergintav, S.: Preliminary Seismic and Geodetic Observations of the Mw7.8 and Mw7.6 Earthquakes in Eastern Turkey, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17619, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu23-17619, 2023.