EGU23-17620, updated on 10 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Strong ground motions due to directivity and site effects inflicted by the February 6 2023 earthquake doublet, along the East Anatolian Fault

Theodoros Aspiotis1, Tariq Anwar Aquib1, David Castro-Cruz1, Bo Li1, Xing Li1, Jihong Liu1, Remi Matrau1, Kadek Hendrawani Palgunadi1, Laura Parisi1, Cahli Suhendi1, Yuxiang Tang1, Yann Klinger2, Sigurjon Jonsson1, and Paul Martin Mai1
Theodoros Aspiotis et al.
  • 1King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
  • 2Université de Paris Cité, Institut de Physique de Globe, CNRS, Paris, France

Two powerful earthquakes (magnitudes 7.8 and 7.6) struck south-central Türkiye on February 6, 2023, causing significant damage across an extensive area of at least ten provinces in Türkiye as well as in multiple cities in northwestern Syria, making them one of the deadliest earthquakes in Türkiye for multiple centuries. The first mainshock started close to the well-known East Anatolian Fault (EAF) and then rupturing more than 300 km of that fault, whereas the second large earthquake occurred nine hours later around 90 km north of the first mainshock, on an east-west trending fault. In this study, we analysed recorded strong ground motions from the two events to better understand the factors contributing to the devastation caused by the earthquakes.


For this, we collected 250 and 200 strong ground motion records for the first and the second event, respectively, from the Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD) in Türkiye. Maximum peak ground accelerations (PGA) of 2g were observed at a distance of 31 km northeast of the first mainshock epicenter and 0.6g for the second event 65km west to its epicenter. In addition, we find particularly high amplitude ground motions in the Hatay province for the first event, which is consistent with the extent of damage reported in that region. High shaking levels in Antakya and other parts of Hatay can be explained by a combination of strong directivity and local site effects.


The results of our analysis imply that the PGA values derived from two local ground motion models (GMMs), adopted for the 2018 Turkish hazard map, are underestimated in comparison to observed strong motion recordings. In addition, we also compared observed peak and spectral ground motion characteristics with estimated seismic hazard values (10% probability to exceed in 50 years) in the East Anatolian Fault region (extracted from the 2018 Turkish seismic hazard map). Furthermore, we compare the recorded response spectra with the Turkish design code for several locations around the main faults.  The results show that the observations greatly exceed the hazard values and code guidelines in the Hatay province.

How to cite: Aspiotis, T., Aquib, T. A., Castro-Cruz, D., Li, B., Li, X., Liu, J., Matrau, R., Palgunadi, K. H., Parisi, L., Suhendi, C., Tang, Y., Klinger, Y., Jonsson, S., and Mai, P. M.: Strong ground motions due to directivity and site effects inflicted by the February 6 2023 earthquake doublet, along the East Anatolian Fault, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-17620,, 2023.