EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Aseismic creep and coseismic dislocation at an active fault in volcanic area: the case of Ischia Island

Stefano Carlino1, Nicola Alessandro Pino1, Lisa Beccaro2, and Prospero De Martino1
Stefano Carlino et al.
  • 1Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Napoli,
  • 2Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Roma1

Understanding the fault dynamics in volcanic areas is not a simple task, mainly due to both the heterogeneity of volcanic structures and the local stress distribution. The presence of high temperature-high pressure geothermal fluids and relative high strain rates, and the occurrence of viscous processes in the deeper part of the volcano further contribute to generate complex patterns of strain load and release, possibly with aseismic creep and differential movements along the faults.

We present the case of an active fault located Casamicciola Terme town – in northern area of the volcanic caldera of Ischia Island (Southern Italy) – where repeated destructive earthquakes occurred at least since 1769, even causing thousands of victims in a single event, with the last one striking in 2017. To assess a possible mechanism leading to the activation of the Ischia main seismogenic fault, its cyclic nature and the related hazard, we performed a joined analysis of the ground vertical movements, obtained from cGPS (2001-present), DInSAR (2015-2018) time-series, and levelling data of the island (1987-2010). The geodetic data indicate that Casamicciola seismogenic fault is characterized by a complex dynamic, with some pre- and post-seismic aseismic dislocation, along sectors that move differentially, in response to the long-term subsidence of the island. Based on the ground deformation rate and on the distribution of degassing areas, we speculate that fluid pressure variations may have a major role in modulating the apparent non-stationarity of the Ischia stronger earthquakes. Furthermore, we suggest that a punctual monitoring of the distribution in space and time of the aseismic creep could provide clues on the state of strain of the seismogenic fault.

How to cite: Carlino, S., Pino, N. A., Beccaro, L., and De Martino, P.: Aseismic creep and coseismic dislocation at an active fault in volcanic area: the case of Ischia Island, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-5750,, 2023.