EGU23-5843, updated on 22 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Dynamic magma movements beneath the Axial Seamount revealed by Rayleigh-wave Admittance Method

Li Wang1,2 and Youyi Ruan1
Li Wang and Youyi Ruan
  • 1Nanjing University, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, China
  • 2University College London, Department of Earth Sciences, United Kingdom

Investigation of the dynamic magma movement beneath the volcanos could provide critical information about the mechanism of volcanic eruption and therefore enhance the accuracy of eruption forecast.  Axial Seamount is an active submarine volcano located at the intersection of the Juan de Fuca Ridge and the Cobb hotspot.  Through its submarine surveillance network of Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI), we observed magmatic activities that occurred before and during its latest eruption on April 24, 2015, as well as the following unrest events from the temporal variations of shear-wave velocity beneath Axial Seamount.


In this study, we applied the Rayleigh-wave admittance method, which uses the frequency-domain transfer function between seismic displacement and water pressure, to invert for shear-wave velocity changes beneath the submarine seismic stations.  The results illustrated that a large magma upwelling event happened beneath the AXEC2 (southeastern caldera of Axial Seamount) several weeks prior to its 2015 eruption, implying the magma movement through a pathway near the southeastern caldera and possibly triggered the subsequent eruption.  However, another magma upwelling event beneath the AXID1 station (southern caldera) between December 2016 and June 2017 occurred without triggering any noticeable eruption event. These magmatic activities demonstrate that the eruption of Axial Seamount is controlled by a complicated magma plumbing system.  The eruption probably depends on not only the magma influx but also the status of the plumbing system and the overlying crustal layer.  With the Rayleigh-wave admittance method and the real-time data from the OOI network, we can continuously monitor the status of Axial Seamount and provide more information for the next eruption.

How to cite: Wang, L. and Ruan, Y.: Dynamic magma movements beneath the Axial Seamount revealed by Rayleigh-wave Admittance Method, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-5843,, 2023.