EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Boreal Spring Southern Hemisphere Climate Mode and Global Monsoon

Shikhar Srivastava1, Arindam Chakraborty1,2, and Raghu Murtugudde3,4
Shikhar Srivastava et al.
  • 1Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India
  • 2Divecha Centre For Climate Change, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India
  • 3Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Centre, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA
  • 4Inter-Disciplinary Programme in Climate Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, 400076, India.

The global climatic pattern is governed by the dominant mode of variability in the tropics and the extratropic and their interaction. The extratropical atmosphere is much more vigorous than the tropics owing to sharp meridional temperature gradients in the mid-latitude. Especially on the decadal timescales, large signals are seen over the extratropical region than in the tropics. Here, we propose that during boreal spring, the second leading mode of climate variability in the Southern Hemisphere, has a decadal pattern. This mode is independent of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM), which represents the most dominant mode of climate variability in the Southern Hemisphere. The boreal spring climate of the Southern Hemisphere interacts with the tropics and significantly impacts the global climate, which is reflected in the global Monsoon rainfall. During the positive phase of the decadal mode, the global Monsoon rainfall is coherently suppressed. We propose a new finding highlighting that the Southern Hemisphere's extratropical forcing can significantly impact the tropical Pacific through subtropical pathways on the decadal to multidecadal timescale. The impact of such decadal climate variability is enormous and global and can add a new paradigm to the pursuit of improving decadal predictions of the global climate.

How to cite: Srivastava, S., Chakraborty, A., and Murtugudde, R.: Boreal Spring Southern Hemisphere Climate Mode and Global Monsoon, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-604,, 2023.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary material file