EGU23-7960, updated on 09 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Identifying burnt areas and flood monitoring based on multi-spectral passive and microwave active remote sensing in tropical peatlands.

Magdalena Mleczko1, Karen Anderson1, Teuntje Hollaar2, Angela Gallego-Sala3, Claire Belcher2, Mark Edward Harrison4, Susan Page5, Darmae Nasir6, Kitso Kusin6, Nomeritae Nomeritae7, and Rahmad Ade Arianto6
Magdalena Mleczko et al.
  • 1Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Cornwall, UK
  • 2WildFIRE Lab, Global Systems Institute, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  • 3Geography Department, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  • 4Centre for Ecology and Conservation Faculty of Environment, Science and Economy University of Exeter, Penryn, UK
  • 5School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
  • 6Centre for the International Cooperation in Sustainable Management of Tropical Peatlands, University of Palangka Raya, Palangka Raya, Indonesia
  • 7Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Palangka Raya University, Palangka Raya, Indonesia

Destabilisation of hydrological conditions and associated fire occurrence are the most significant barriers hindering degraded tropical peatland revegetation. For this reason, the monitoring of fires and hydrological conditions is crucial for guiding drained tropical peatland restoration. One of the best tools for large-scale monitoring of the natural environment, especially when access and in situ information are limited, is satellite remote sensing, and fusion of active and passive remote sensing data can provide new insights into dynamic systems such as peatlands. There is usually a relationship between automation, complexity and processing time leading to variations in the method's effectiveness, including reliability and accuracy. The main goal of this work was to develop a rapid method for ease of use by non-specialist users, which has capability to deliver reliable results describing the mapping of the burnt and flooded areas. In this case, two types of data, from multi-spectral passive and microwave active remote sensing sensors, were combined to monitor fires and floods in a 5,000 km² area of tropical peatland of varying land use and level of degradation in Central Kalimantan. Both imaging techniques provide different information. The vegetation index of the differenced Normalised Burn Ratio (dNBR), calculated based on Sentinel-2 and Landsat-8 data, delivers information for mapping burned areas. The backscattering coefficient from Sentinel-1 data can identify permanent and ephemeral water bodies. These methods were effective for detection of burnt areas and water bodies, but there were limitations of the passive sensors' image availability due to cloud cover. In addition, using dNBR and backscattering coefficient separately in some cases caused false positive results (e.g. burnt areas classified as water bodies, or burnt areas detected in the main river bed). The fusion of two data sources increased fire and flood mapping accuracy by eliminating misclassification errors, compared to using them separately, thus indicating their strong complementarity. This combined method allowed analysis of the history of fires and flooding in 2015-2022, and the relationship between these; preliminary results to be presented.

How to cite: Mleczko, M., Anderson, K., Hollaar, T., Gallego-Sala, A., Belcher, C., Harrison, M. E., Page, S., Nasir, D., Kusin, K., Nomeritae, N., and Ade Arianto, R.: Identifying burnt areas and flood monitoring based on multi-spectral passive and microwave active remote sensing in tropical peatlands., EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-7960,, 2023.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary material file