EGU23-8147, updated on 25 Feb 2023
EGU General Assembly 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Evaluation of two climate production satellites over the region of Marrakesh Safi Morocco

el houcine el moussaoui, Aicha Moumni, Said Khabba, and Abderrahmane Lahrouni
el houcine el moussaoui et al.
  • faculty of Sciences Semlalia, cadi ayyad university, Marrakech, Morocco (

Although weather stations provide accurate measurements of ground climate conditions in close proximity to the station, they are expensive and require periodic recording of measurements. In addition, weather stations are therefore distributed sparsely, especially in developing countries. Conversely, satellites see entire landscapes and are therefore able to offer precise measurements at each location. This paper compares the performance of satellite products with weather station observations at three sites characterized by different climates Ounagha, Chichawa, and R3 in Morocco.

Precipitation and temperature data over the period of 2 years (2018 - 2019) at the three sites were collected. Data based on satellite imagery were collected for two satellite products, namely ERA5 and POWER over a similar period. The data were compared and analyzed through inferential statistics such as the root-mean-square error (RMSE), and the coefficient of determination (R2  ). The results showed that the temperature minimum daily simulated using the ERA5 satellite reached the highest coefficient of determination R2 = 0.92, with RMSE=1.34 (daily for Ounagha), R2 = 0.94, and with RMSE=1.27 (daily for Chichawa), R2 = 0.96, and with RMSE=1.13 (daily for R3). The temperature maximum daily simulated through the POWER satellite showed the best coefficient of determination R2 =0.924 with RMSE=2.174 (Ounagha daily). In contrast, the ERA5 satellite presents a better coefficient of determination R2 =0.97 in Chichawa and R3 stations. The results of comparing the observed weather stations and the satellite data in terms of precipitation show that the acceptable performance was attributed to the ERA5 data for cumulative, decadaire, and monthly precipitation in the three sites.

The use of satellite products is a good way to solve the lack of weather stations and to make data available to the scientific community for further investigation. Furthermore, since our interest in monitoring drought in the Smimou region and our need for climate data in this area, which lacks a meteorological station, the results of this study encourage us to use the ERA5 satellite to collect climate data for the region.

How to cite: el moussaoui, E. H., Moumni, A., Khabba, S., and Lahrouni, A.: Evaluation of two climate production satellites over the region of Marrakesh Safi Morocco, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-8147,, 2023.