EGU24-1108, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Climate Change Effects on Flood Hazard and Risk in Harami̇dere Basin

Egemen Firat1, Buse Özer1, Koray K. Yılmaz2, Gülçin Türkkan Karaoğlu3, and Esra Fitoz3
Egemen Firat et al.
  • 1ATINEN Engineering Consulting Software Inc., Department of Water Resources Management, Ankara, Türkiye (
  • 2Middle East Technical University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Geological Engineering, Ankara, Türkiye (
  • 3Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Directorate of Earthquake and Ground Research, Istanbul, Türkiye (

In flood hazard and risk assessment studies, modeling is generally done by examining the hydrometeorological events that have developed by using past datasets. Recently, increasing rainfall per unit time due to climate change may cause flash floods. Hydrographs, which are input to 1D/2D hydrodynamic models, are also likely to change as a result of climate change. Hydrological calculations based on past data may underestimate the predicted values. Therefore, flood risks produced from the results of flood depth and hazard models may also remain at low values. In this study, firstly, a hydrological modeling study was carried out on the streams in Haramdere Basin by using hydrometeorological measurements between 2010-2022 and hydrographs were produced for Q2, Q5, Q10, Q25, Q50, Q100, Q500 and Q1000 returning periods. In mapping studies, river structures, stream geometry, digital surface and terrain model were determined using ground measurements and flight data. Then, flood depth and hazard maps were created with 1D and 2D hydrodynamic models. Economic risk calculation was made using these maps. Then, RCP8.5 scenarios known as having high precipitation anomalies for all climate models included in CMIP6 were re-run in the hydrological model. In this way, flow data were generated for each climate model RCP8.5 scenario. Then, 3 different climate change impacts (worst, medium and best) for Haramidere Basin in regards to flood hazard and risk will be revealed by analyzing the rainfall and runoff extremes produced from the hydrological model for all climate models. In the worst case scenario, the climate model with the highest rainfall and runoff extremes, in the medium case, the average of the values calculated from all climate models and in the best case scenario, the climate model with the lowest extremes will be selected. In this way, climate models specific to this basin will be determined for these 3 different Scenarios. Then, from these selected climate models, coefficients will be determined to be used in hydrological calculations for the effect of climate change on flooding events. Finally, flood risk calculations will be made for these 3 scenarios and the economic value of climate change in terms of flood risk will be quantified by comparing with the flood risk calculated with the measurements between 2010-2022.

How to cite: Firat, E., Özer, B., Yılmaz, K. K., Türkkan Karaoğlu, G., and Fitoz, E.: Climate Change Effects on Flood Hazard and Risk in Harami̇dere Basin, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-1108,, 2024.