EGU24-11499, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The role of meteorological drivers and initial hydrologic conditions on streamflow drought-to-flood transition events

Eduardo Muñoz-Castro1,2,3, Bailey Anderson1,2,3, Paul Astagneau1,2,3, Joren Janzing1,2,3, Pablo A. Mendoza4,5, and Manuela I. Brunner1,2,3
Eduardo Muñoz-Castro et al.
  • 1WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos Dorf, Switzerland
  • 2Climate Change, Extremes and Natural Hazards in Alpine Regions Research Center CERC, Davos Dorf, Switzerland
  • 3Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 4Civil Engineering Department, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • 5Advanced Centre Technology Centre (AMTC), Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile

Extreme hydrometeorological events such as streamflow droughts and floods may have severe impacts on infrastructure, agriculture, water supply, and hydropower generation, as well as social and political systems. Even though such impacts can be enhanced if the two types of events occur consecutively, the occurrence and drivers of drought-to-flood transitions are not well understood. Here, we ask: ‘How do the properties of drought-to-flood transitions change with different meteorological drivers and initial hydrologic conditions?’ To address this question, we configure the PCR-GlobWB hydrological model in a suite of near-natural gauged catchments, included in the quasi-global large sample dataset CARAVAN, that comprise different hydroclimatic conditions and physiographic characteristics. We run numerical experiments to understand the sensitivity of consecutive drought-to-flood properties (e.g., duration, extension, intensity, etc.) to different driver scenarios. Additionally, we perform, for each catchment, a flux-mapping analysis to explore whether different combinations of drivers can lead to a similar catchment response through different combinations of fluxes. Finally, we define clusters of catchments with similar drivers and sensitivities of consecutive hydrological extremes to the different stress tests. Ongoing analyses suggest that the drivers of drought-to-flood transitions vary substantially across catchments.

How to cite: Muñoz-Castro, E., Anderson, B., Astagneau, P., Janzing, J., Mendoza, P. A., and Brunner, M. I.: The role of meteorological drivers and initial hydrologic conditions on streamflow drought-to-flood transition events, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-11499,, 2024.