EGU24-13926, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Verification of FengYun-3E MWTS and MWHS Calibration Accuracy Using GPS Radio Occultation Data

Xueyan Hou1,2 and Yang Han1
Xueyan Hou and Yang Han
  • 1CMA Earth System Modeling and Prediction Centre, Beijing 100081, China (
  • 2State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China

The fifth FengYun satellite (FY-3E) was successfully launched into orbit on 5 July, 2021. It carries the third-generation microwave temperature sounder (MWTS-III) and the second-generation microwave humidity sounder (MWHS-II), providing the global atmospheric temperature and humidity measurements. It is important to assess the in-orbit performance of MWTS-III and MWHS-II and understand their calibration accuracy before applications in numerical weather prediction. Since atmospheric profiles from Global Positioning System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) are stable and accurate, they are very valuable for assessing the microwave sounder performance in orbit as demonstrated by many previous studies. This study aims at quantifying the calibration biases of FY-3E MWTS-III and MWHS-II sounding channels of interest using the collocated GPS RO data during January 1st to September 30th, 2023. The MWTS-III channels inherit most of the second-generation MWTS features and have frequencies near the oxygen absorption band (50-60 GHz), and channels at the frequencies of 23.8 and 31.4 GHz were added. Considering that the GPS RO data are more stable and accurate in the mid-troposphere to lower stratosphere and the atmospheric radiative transfer model is accurate in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, the mid- to upper-level sounding channels of the MWTS-III, i.e. channels 7-14 are of interest in this study. The cross-tracking scanning instrument MWHS-II provides 15 channels, at frequencies near 89, 118.75, 150 and 183.31 GHz. Of interest to this study are MWHS-II channels 2-6 and 11-15. Using the collocated COSMIC RO data in clear-sky conditions as inputs to the Advanced Radiative Transfer Modeling System (ARMS), brightness temperatures and viewing angles are simulated for FY-3E MWTS-III and MWHS-II. The collocation criterion between the radio-occultation data and the MWTS-III/MWHS-II measurements is defined such that the spatial and temporal difference is less than 50 km and 3 h, respectively. To simulate more accurate bright temperatures, the RO data should be obtained under clear sky conditions over oceans. To determine the clear sky for MWTS-III, the cloud liquid water path algorithm developed by Grody et al. (2001) was used for MWTS-III. While for MWHS-II, the cloud detection algorithm developed by Hou et al. (2019) was used. The initial analysis shows that for the upper sounding channels, the mean biases of the MWTS-III observations relative to the GPS RO simulations are negative for channels 7-8 and 10-13, with absolute values <2 K, and positive for channels 9 and 14, with values <1 K. For the MWHS, the mean biases in brightness temperature are negative for channels 2–6, with absolute values < 2 K and relatively small standard deviations. The mean biases are also negative for MWHS-II channels 11–15 with absolute values <1 K, but with relatively large standard deviations. The biases of both MWTS-III and MWHS-II show scan-angle dependence and are almost symmetrical across the scan line. The long-term mean bias shows only a weak dependence on latitude, which suggests that biases do not vary systematically with brightness temperature. The evaluation results indicate very good prospects for the assimilation application of FY-3E microwave sounding data.

How to cite: Hou, X. and Han, Y.: Verification of FengYun-3E MWTS and MWHS Calibration Accuracy Using GPS Radio Occultation Data, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-13926,, 2024.