EGU24-14737, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Identifying Flash Flood-Prone Subbasins in India Using Geomorphological and Meteorological Parameters 

Nandana Dilip K1, Urmin Vegad2, and Vimal Mishra3,4
Nandana Dilip K et al.
  • 1IIT Gandhinagar, Civil Engineering, India (
  • 2IIT Gandhinagar, Civil Engineering, India (
  • 3IIT Gandhinagar, Civil Engineering, India (
  • 4IIT Gandhinagar, Earth Science, India (

Flash Floods are one of the crucial disasters in India which causes high mortality and damage due to its sudden onset and devastating impact. These events are projected to increase in India due to the warming climate and increasing unplanned urbanization.  However, India still lacks a robust analysis on flash flood susceptibility at a subbasin scale. In our study, we have considered meteorological and geomorphological factors to improve the susceptibility mapping, as flash floods are the result of high intensity rainfall in a short period of time and the geomorphology of the basin. We analyzed 17 different geomorphological factors of drainage, relief and areal aspects. Further, we calculated the flashiness index for all the subbasins within India using the model simulated streamflow. We forced a hydrodynamic routing model with reanalysis data to simulate streamflow at the subbasin outlets. We prepared subbasin-level flash flood susceptibility maps based on geomorphology, flashiness index and a combination of both. The integrated use of geomorphology and meteorology will provide a more robust framework for identifying the flash flood prone subbasins in India. This will help the authorities in focusing on the probable regions to plan mitigation strategies.  

How to cite: Dilip K, N., Vegad, U., and Mishra, V.: Identifying Flash Flood-Prone Subbasins in India Using Geomorphological and Meteorological Parameters , EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-14737,, 2024.