EGU24-15136, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Compound heatwave and drought hazard quantification in a large anthropized alpine basin.

Giuseppe Formetta and Martin Morlot
Giuseppe Formetta and Martin Morlot
  • Trento, Department of Civil, environmental and mechanical engineering University of Trento, Trento-Italy, Trento, Italy (

Heatwaves and droughts are among the natural hazards with frequencies and severities expected to increase due to climate change. Furthermore, they are responsible for a large range of social and economic impacts, such as agricultural losses, energy shortages, heat related mortality, etc. Previous works have shown that co-occurring drought and heatwave events lead to higher significant socio-economic damages compared to independent events. However, limited knowledge is available on quantifying spatial patterns of co-occurring droughts and heatwaves events, their severity, and frequency of occurrence, especially at high spatial and temporal resolution.

The aim of this study is to quantify spatio-temporal changes of compound drought and heat wave events in a large anthropized alpine Italian basin, the Adige basin, located in the North of Italy, with area greater than 10,000km2 and containing a wide range of elevation from 160m to 3905m. We quantify changes in single and multiple drought and heat wave hazards during the period 1980-2018, based on hydrological simulations performed using a recently produced hydrological digital twin model at high spatial (5 km2) and temporal (daily) resolution. The model also includes artificial reservoirs and the combination of high resolution hydrological modeling and compound hazard estimation framework has a key advantage that: i) it captures single hazard evolution at daily time scale and ii) explicitly estimate the dependence between co-occurred events directly mapping critical susceptible regions.

Preliminary results show increasing trends in number and severity of compound heat waves and drought events. Ongoing work aim to quantify the spatial distribution of the analysed compound events and the exposure in terms of population impacted and main land cover types. The proposed modeling framework may help improve the prediction and assessment of occurrences of compound heat waves and droughts events and the possible implementation of mitigation actions. The authors are supported by the WATERSTEM MUR PRIN 2020 (Prot. Number 20202WF53Z) and the COACH-WAT PRIN 2022 (Prot. Number 2022FXJ3NN).

How to cite: Formetta, G. and Morlot, M.: Compound heatwave and drought hazard quantification in a large anthropized alpine basin., EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-15136,, 2024.