EGU24-15316, updated on 09 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

 A Fundamental Climate Data Record Derived fromAMSR-E, MWRI, and AMSR2 

Banghai Wu and Yu Wang
Banghai Wu and Yu Wang

Fundamental climate data records (FCDRs) play a vital role in monitoring climate change. In this article, we develop a spaceborne passive microwave-based FCDR byrecalibrating the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometerfor Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) on the Aqua satellite,the microwave radiometer imager (MWRI) onboard the FengYun-3B (FY3B) satellite, and the Advanced Microwave ScanningRadiometer-2 (AMSR2) onboard the JAXA’s Global ChangeObservation Mission first-Water (GCOM-W1) satellite. Beforerecalibration, it is found that AMSR-E and AMSR2 observations are stable over time, but MWRI drifted colder beforeMay 2015 and had nonnegligible errors in geolocation formost channels. In addition, intersensor differences of brightnesstemperatures (TBs) are as large as 5–10 K. To improve dataconsistency and continuity, several intersensor calibration methods are applied by using AMSR2 as a reference while usingMWRI to bridge the data gap between AMSR2 and AMSRE. The double difference method is used to provide intersensordifference time series for correcting calibration biases, such asscene temperature-dependent bias, solar-heating-induced bias,and systematic constant bias. Hardware differences betweensensors are corrected using principal component analysis. Afterrecalibration, the mean biases of both MWRI and AMSR-Eare less than 0.3 K compared to the AMSR2 reference andtheir standard deviations are less than 1 K for all channels.Under oceanic rain-free conditions, the TB biases are less than0.2 K for all channels and no significant relative bias driftswere found between sensors for overlapping observations. Thesestatistics suggest that the consistency between these instrumentswas significantly improved and the derived FCDR could be usefulto obtain long-term water cycle-related variables for climateresearch. 

How to cite: Wu, B. and Wang, Y.:  A Fundamental Climate Data Record Derived fromAMSR-E, MWRI, and AMSR2 , EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-15316,, 2024.