EGU24-16587, updated on 11 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a warmer climate and the linkage with the North Atlantic convection using EC-Earth-HR

René Gabriel Navarro Labastida1, Mehdi Pasha Karami1, Torben Koenigk1,2, Agatha de Boer3, and Marie Sicard3
René Gabriel Navarro Labastida et al.
  • 1Rossby Centre, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrköping, Sweden (
  • 2Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 3Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

This study aims to analyze the effect of increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and its dependence on convection in the  Labrador (LAB) and Greenland (GIN) Seas. We have used EC-Earth3-HR, the high-resolution version of the global coupled climate model EC-Earth3 in this study. EC-Earth3-HR has a resolution of about 0.25 degrees in the ocean and 40 km in the atmosphere. In contrast to the HighResMIP-protocol, EC-Earth3-HR has undergone a tuning process and a multi-centennial spin-up has been performed. The set of experiments analyzed here consists of a pre-industrial control simulation (piControl), a one percent per year increase in CO2 experiment (1pctCO2) branching from year 250 of our piControl simulation, and two experiments with fixed CO2 concentrations (400.9 ppm and 551.5 ppm) branch off from two points corresponding to global temperature anomalies of around 1°C and 2°C in the 1pctCO2 experiment. Here we have defined deep convection as the mean mixed volume in March, with deep convection equal to zero when the mixed-layer is shallower than a critical depth. Our preliminary results suggest that as the climate warms, the North Atlantic waters become warmer and fresher, promoting the weakening of the North Atlantic deep convection and a subsequent reduction in AMOC strength (up to 20% reduction). The simulated overturning circulation weakening seems to be dominated by changes in LAB deep convection with GIN convection contributing less. Circulation changes in the pre-industrial and the different CO2 concentration experiments are dominated by a strong decadal variability. Compared to the standard resolution EC-Earth3-version, the use of a high resolution leads to deeper ocean mixing in LAB and GIN. More analysis has to be done on the way to clarify to what extent increased resolution affects our results in comparison with previous studies.

How to cite: Navarro Labastida, R. G., Karami, M. P., Koenigk, T., de Boer, A., and Sicard, M.: Simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a warmer climate and the linkage with the North Atlantic convection using EC-Earth-HR, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-16587,, 2024.