EGU24-19111, updated on 11 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Architectural Strategies for Flood Mitigation in Urban Environments: A Study of Traditional Elements and Contemporary Resilience

Seyedeh Negar Naghedi1, Ali Maleki2, Rasool Vahid3, Farzad Piadeh4, and Kourosh Behzadian5
Seyedeh Negar Naghedi et al.
  • 1Khayyam University, Architecture, Iran, Islamic Republic of (
  • 2Department of civil and environmental engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • 3Environmental Dynamics Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, US
  • 4Centre for Engineering research, School of Physics, Engineering and Computer Science, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, AL10 9AB, UK
  • 5School of Computing and Engineering, University of West London, St Mary’s Rd, London, W5 5RF, UK

Natural disasters cause extensive losses worldwide annually. Flood events are responsible for economic and life-threatening damages[1]. To mitigate flood risks and resulting damages, particularly in the construction of residential buildings, two approaches exist. First: constructing in areas with lower flood susceptibility, and second: implementing architectural solutions to fortify structures against floods and associated hazards. Due to the presence of water resources, rivers, etc., prompting urban expansion due to reasons like transportation, trade, agricultural use, household consumption, etc., construction near rivers and flood-prone areas becomes inevitable[2]. This underscores the importance of the second approach—architectural fortification.

In this study, areas highly susceptible to flooding were identified from flood zoning maps using artificial intelligence to adapt these maps and estimate the most hazardous regions[3]. Subsequently, by examining the specific elements of traditional architecture in each of these areas and exploring the cause and function of each element in facing floods over time, attention is given to the particular and regional (indigenous) architectural features that have responded to floods. Finally, appropriate architectural measures and responses to reduce flood risks, such as constructing at elevation or suitable gradients, is combined with early warning systems to provide a proper route for the future construction projects.

Keywords: Flood forecasting; Flood prone areas; Architectural fortification

[1] Naghedi, S.R., Huang, X. and Gheibi, M., 2023. A smart dashboard for forecasting disaster casualties: An investigation from sustainable development dimensions (No. EGU23-17237). Copernicus Meetings.

[2] Yan, J., Naghedi, R., Huang, X., Wang, S., Lu, J. and Xu, Y., 2023. Evaluating simulated visible greenness in urban landscapes: An examination of a midsize US city. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening87, p.128060.

[3] Vahid, R., Farnood Ahmadi, F., & Mohammadi, N. (2021). Earthquake damage modeling using cellular automata and fuzzy rule-based models. Arabian Journal of Geosciences14, 1-14.

How to cite: Naghedi, S. N., Maleki, A., Vahid, R., Piadeh, F., and Behzadian, K.: Architectural Strategies for Flood Mitigation in Urban Environments: A Study of Traditional Elements and Contemporary Resilience, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-19111,, 2024.