EGU24-3964, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Extreme flood analysis on the Garonne river at Agen, using historical information since 1435

Michel Lang1, Jérôme Le Coz1, Felipe Mendez-Rios1, Perrine Guillemin2, David Penot2, and Didier Scopel3
Michel Lang et al.
  • 2EDF/DTG Grenoble
  • 3EDF/DTG Toulouse

The safety of nuclear power plants in France is assessed based on 1000-year flood estimates, with a safety factor accounting for uncertainty. Previous studies on the Garonne River near Agen, France, used threshold exceedance values from a continuous 85 year-long series at two hydrometric stations: Malause (1915-1966) and Lamagistère (1967-2000), and historical data at Agen since 1770. The estimate of the design flood was very sensitive to the choice of an Exponential or of a Generalized Pareto distribution, yielding 12 600 and 16 000 m3/s, respectively. This communication presents a more comprehensive study based on a GEV distribution fitted from the annual maximum values of a continuous series since 1852 (adding Agen 1852-1914) and historical data at Agen since 1435. The statistical framework accounts for both discharge and sampling uncertainty components. The first uncertainty component is about 3% for the recent years and 35% for the oldest years. The statistical framework is able to account for a multiplicative error on rating curves. This leads to corrections in peak discharge values, with better agreement between historical data at Agen and hydrometric data at Malause-Lamagistère. The final estimate of the design flood is around 10 500-11 600 m3/s, without or with the largest known historical flood of 1435. It confirms the safety of the nuclear plant, based on extensive historical information.

How to cite: Lang, M., Le Coz, J., Mendez-Rios, F., Guillemin, P., Penot, D., and Scopel, D.: Extreme flood analysis on the Garonne river at Agen, using historical information since 1435, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-3964,, 2024.