EGU24-6007, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Role of degree and depth extent of slab-mantle hydration in controlling the intraslab fluid flow upon dehydration

Nestor Cerpa1 and Ikuko Wada2
Nestor Cerpa and Ikuko Wada
  • 1CNRS, University of Montpellier, Géosciences Montpellier, France (
  • 2University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Minneapolis, USA

Fluid release from dehydration reactions and subsequent fluid migration in the subducting slab control the distribution of fluids in subduction zones, impacting many subduction processes, such as intraslab earthquakes, megathrust earthquakes, episodic slip and tremor, mantle wedge metasomatism, and arc-magma genesis.  Previous numerical models of two-phase flow indicate that compaction-pressure gradients induced by the dehydration reactions could drive updip intraslab fluid flow near the slab surface (Wilson et al., 2014). However, how the initial hydration in the incoming oceanic mantle prior to subduction impacts the updip fluid flow has not been investigated. Here, we use a 2-D two-phase flow model to investigate this effect under various initial slab-mantle hydration states and slab thermal conditions, the latter of which impact the depth extent of the stability of hydrous minerals. We especially focus on quantifying the lateral shift between the site of dehydration reactions and the location at which the fluids reach the slab surface due to their updip migration within the slab. The modeling results show that the most favourable path for updip flow is the antigorite dehydration front, the spatial extent of which depends on the slab-temperature and the thickness of the hydrated slab mantle. Our models predict that slab-derived fluids can travel over tens of km updip within the slab before reaching the slab surface. Such updip migration is more likely in warm(ish)-slabs, in which the formation of the antigorite dehydration front in the slab mantle does not require deep hydration of the incoming oceanic mantle prior to subduction.

How to cite: Cerpa, N. and Wada, I.: Role of degree and depth extent of slab-mantle hydration in controlling the intraslab fluid flow upon dehydration, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-6007,, 2024.