EGU24-7022, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Blue Carbon Management for Climate Resilience

Dahai Liu and Tong Dong
Dahai Liu and Tong Dong
  • First Institute of Oceanography, Qingdao, China (

Global warming, accelerating at an alarming rate, has thrust climate change into the forefront of global concerns. The recent warning from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) about the record-low Antarctic sea ice coverage serves as a stark reminder of the urgency surrounding environmental issues in the twenty-first century. Climate change is undeniably one of the most pressing challenges facing humanity today, with far-reaching implications for our survival and socio-economic development.In response to the escalating crisis, there has been a global call to action, urging nations to limit the rise in global temperatures to 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius. Oceans, as the primary regulators of climate change, emerge as pivotal players, holding approximately 93 percent of the Earth's CO2. In exploring solutions, the concept of "blue carbon" has emerged, drawing attention to coastal ecosystems' carbon sequestration potential. However, the effective management of blue carbon presents a myriad of challenges, necessitating a holistic approach. There is a growing consensus that international standards for assessing marine carbon sinks are lacking. Experimental methods, including those proposed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), have been explored. However, the absence of a universally accepted framework impedes progress. It is within this context that the First Institute of Oceanography (FIO), Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), China, has embarked on a pioneering initiative, developing China's first comprehensive marine carbon sink accounting standard. The standard, structured into five parts—Scope, Documents, Definitions, Accounting, and Appendix—provides a vital foundation for research, development, and management of blue carbon projects. Key terms and definitions, including ocean carbon sinks, mangroves, salt marshes, seagrass beds, phytoplankton, macroalgae, and shellfish, contribute to a robust scientific framework for the comprehensive understanding of marine ecosystems.Despite these advancements, challenges persist in blue carbon management, requiring focused attention. From a scientific perspective, understanding carbon sink mechanisms, potential, and capacity is essential. At the technical level, the development of observation systems, monitoring data, and international standards is crucial. On a practical level, conducting high-level dialogues, implementing international blue carbon plans, and establishing global blue carbon governance structures are imperative for improving the quality and functioning of marine ecosystems. In conclusion, the journey towards effective blue carbon management is a complex but imperative one. Standardizing practices, promoting international cooperation, and encouraging transactions related to carbon sink accounting are pivotal steps in our collective efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change and safeguard the health of marine ecosystems worldwide.

How to cite: Liu, D. and Dong, T.: Blue Carbon Management for Climate Resilience, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-7022,, 2024.