EGU24-8528, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The RAPID-Evolution Project: Towards a low-cost and sustainable observing system of the AMOC at 26°N

Tillys Petit1, Ben Moat1, Adam Blaker1, Chris Cardwell1, Shane Elipot2, James Harle1, Matthieu Le Henaff2,3, Nick Higgs4, William Johns2, Jules Kajtar1, Darren Rayner1, Bablu Sinha1, David Smeed1, Ryan Smith3, and Denis Volkov5
Tillys Petit et al.
  • 1National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom of Great Britain – England, Scotland, Wales
  • 2Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, United States
  • 3NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, FL, USA
  • 4Cape Eleuthera Institute, Rock Sound, Eleuthera EL-26029, Bahamas
  • 5Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Miami, FL, United States

Direct measurements of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and meridional heat transport (MHT) are necessary to better understand the impact of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions for the global climate system. The RAPID-MOCHA-WBTS array at 26°N is the only trans-Atlantic observing system to provide 20 years of continuous measurements of the AMOC and MHT. While the design of the array has continuously evolved as our understanding of the AMOC has advanced and as new technologies have become available, the goal of the RAPID-evolution project is now to design a lower cost and sustainable observing system to continue the measurements at the accuracy required by users. Using the dataset gathered since 2004 and ocean reanalysis, a first objective seeks to evaluate the sensitivity of the AMOC estimate to the choice of methodology and data included in the calculation. The project includes the development of a new high-resolution ocean model to identify the short and longer term impacts of incorporating these datasets in the AMOC estimation. Recent technological developments also enable new approaches that could provide better and more cost-effective calculation of the AMOC. The RAPID-Evolution project investigates these approaches and develops methodologies to make use of them, including a new variation of the stepping method using glider deployments and the telemetry of mooring data via an autonomous vehicle.

How to cite: Petit, T., Moat, B., Blaker, A., Cardwell, C., Elipot, S., Harle, J., Le Henaff, M., Higgs, N., Johns, W., Kajtar, J., Rayner, D., Sinha, B., Smeed, D., Smith, R., and Volkov, D.: The RAPID-Evolution Project: Towards a low-cost and sustainable observing system of the AMOC at 26°N, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-8528,, 2024.