EGU24-8760, updated on 08 Mar 2024
EGU General Assembly 2024
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Mantle Oxidation Driven by the Redox Dynamics of the Mariana-Type Subduction

Wenyong Duan1,2, James Connolly2, Peter van Keken3, Taras Gerya2, and Sanzhong Li1
Wenyong Duan et al.
  • 1Ocean University of China, Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, China (
  • 2ETH Zürich, In­sti­tut für Geo­physik, Dep. of Earth Sci­ences, Switzerland
  • 3Carnegie Institution of Science, Earth and Planets Laboratory, USA

Oceanic plates descending into subduction zones transport a significant amount of oxidized material to both the subduction zone and the Earth's deeper layers (Wood et al. 1990). However, the specific mechanism of mass transfer and the corresponding flux released at different depths remains unclear. Through the use of numerical modeling and a coupled geochemical database, we examined redox dynamics in subduction zones, particularly focusing on Mariana-type subduction zones, representative of the modern plate tectonic regime (Yao et al., 2021).

Our findings highlight two primary mechanisms in the mantle oxidation processes related to subduction. Firstly, desulfurization enables subduction fluids to carry substantial oxidation fluxes into the sub-arc mantle. Mass balance calculations emphasize the sufficiency of these fluxes in oxidizing both the arc magma and mantle wedge, with the hydrated mantle being the primary fluid contributor, followed by the altered oceanic crust. Secondly, partial melting of slab-top rocks, where Fe3+-rich melts from sediments and altered oceanic crust play a predominant role in the oxidation of the back-arc mantle. Importantly, during Mariana-type subduction, the majority of oxidation fluxes penetrate the deeper mantle with subducting slabs. According to our models, we illustrate that during the modern era of plate tectonics, the oxidation fluxes generated by Mariana-type subduction zones had a significant global impact on Earth's mantle redox evolution and the oxygenation of our planet.


Wood, B. J., Bryndzia, T., Johnson, K. E. Mantle oxidation state and its relationship to tectonic environment and fluid speciation. Science 248, 337-345 (1990).

Yao, J., Cawood, P. A., Zhao, G., Han, Y., Xia, X., Liu, Q., Wang, P. Mariana-type ophiolites constrain the establishment of modern plate tectonic regime during Gondwana assembly. Nat. Commun. 12(1), 4189 (2021).

How to cite: Duan, W., Connolly, J., van Keken, P., Gerya, T., and Li, S.: Mantle Oxidation Driven by the Redox Dynamics of the Mariana-Type Subduction, EGU General Assembly 2024, Vienna, Austria, 14–19 Apr 2024, EGU24-8760,, 2024.