The UK Met Office manages its commitment to the public through the Public Weather Service and an important factor in public safety and concern is extreme weather events. Therefore, a new Key Performance Indicator is being introduced, related to the ability with which extreme events are correctly identified. The Threshold Weighted Continuous Ranked Probability Score (twCRPS) is used to make this assessment by determining how well site-specific Met Office ensemble-based probabilistic forecast solutions predict relative-extreme events. The threshold weighted version of the Mean Absolute Error (twMAE) is the deterministic equivalent to the twCRPS. The twMAE is used for the assessment of the deterministic model output that currently appears on the Met Office App and website.
Gridded numerical ensemble model data is generated by MOGREPS (the Met Office Global and Regional Ensemble Prediction System). A new program of post-processing work has been undertaken in recent years (IMPROVER) to replace the system of post-processing currently employed by the Met Office. IMPROVER applies a series of post-processing steps to generate both probabilistic and deterministic forecasts and site-specific data is generated from these model fields. Verification of the model output is undertaken at each post-processing stage to ensure that every step is having the expected impact on the performance of the model. To date however, these assessments have concentrated on the performance of more typical conditions rather than the ability with which more extreme events are identified.
This session outlines very recent work to assess the ability with which raw MOGREPS data and data generated by various of the post-processing stages of IMPROVER, predict relative-extreme events at observation sites throughout the UK. The twMAE and twCRPS are used for this assessment, where in both cases, the threshold weighting function is defined in terms of a distribution formed by sampling the numerical value corresponding to a chosen relatively extreme percentile from the observed 30-year climatology of each UK site.
How to cite: Sharpe, M., Battershill, J., and Hurst, K.: Post-processing and its effect on relative-extreme event identification, EMS Annual Meeting 2021, online, 6–10 Sep 2021, EMS2021-94, https://doi.org/10.5194/ems2021-94, 2021.