4-9 September 2022, Bonn, Germany
EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts
Vol. 19, EMS2022-518, 2022, updated on 21 Apr 2023
EMS Annual Meeting 2022
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Interactive detection and visual analysis of 3-D fronts in NWP data

Andreas Beckert1, Lea Eisenstein2, Timothy Hewson3, Annika Oertel2, George Craig4, and Marc Rautenhaus1
Andreas Beckert et al.
  • 1Regionales Rechenzentrum, Visual Data Analysis Group, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany (andreas.beckert@uni-hamburg.de)
  • 2Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 3European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom
  • 4Meteorological Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany

Atmospheric fronts are a widely used conceptual model in meteorology, most encountered as two-dimensional (2-D) front lines, e.g., on surface analysis charts. The three-dimensional (3-D) dynamical structure of fronts is commonly sketched in 3-D illustrations of idealized weather systems in atmospheric science textbooks. Only recently the feasibility of objective detection and visual analysis of “real” 3-D frontal structures within numerical weather prediction (NWP) data has been proposed, and such approaches are not yet widely known in the atmospheric community. In our work, we investigate the benefit of objective 3-D front analysis for case studies of atmospheric dynamics and forecasting. Our technique builds on a recent gradient-based detection approach, combined with modern 3-D interactive visual analysis techniques, all integrated into the open-source meteorological visualization framework Met.3D. Comparison of detected 3-D frontal structures with 2-D fronts from surface analysis charts of weather services show agreement and augment the surface charts by additional vertical information. In our presentation, we show case studies of extratropical cyclones and their frontal dynamics. Examples include joint interactive visual analysis of 3-D fronts and warm conveyor belt trajectories, and development of the 3-D frontal structure of the characteristic stages of a Shapiro-Keyser cyclone. We also demonstrate the benefit of our technique for comparative analysis of frontal dynamics in different numerical weather prediction model simulations, e.g., of different resolution and simulations with parameterised and permitted convection. We argue that the presented approach has large potential to be beneficial for complex studies of atmospheric dynamics and for operational weather forecasting.

How to cite: Beckert, A., Eisenstein, L., Hewson, T., Oertel, A., Craig, G., and Rautenhaus, M.: Interactive detection and visual analysis of 3-D fronts in NWP data, EMS Annual Meeting 2022, Bonn, Germany, 5–9 Sep 2022, EMS2022-518, https://doi.org/10.5194/ems2022-518, 2022.

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