EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts
Vol. 20, EMS2023-616, 2023, updated on 06 Jul 2023
EMS Annual Meeting 2023
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

CORDEX Flagship Pilot Study URB-RCC: Urban Environments and Regional Climate Change

Tomas Halenka1 and Gaby Langendijk2
Tomas Halenka and Gaby Langendijk
  • 1Charles University, Fac. of Mathematics and Physics, Dept. of Atmospheric Physics, Prague, Czechia (tomas.halenka@mff.cuni.cz)
  • 2German Climate Service Center, The Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Hamburg, Germany

Cities play a fundamental role in climate at local to regional scales through modification of heat and moisture fluxes, as well as affecting local atmospheric chemistry and composition, alongside air-pollution dispersion. Vice versa, regional climate change impacts urban areas and is expected to increasingly affect cities and their citizens in the upcoming decades. Simultaneously, the share of the population living in urban areas is growing and is projected to reach about 70 % of the world population by 2050. This is especially critical in connection to extreme events, for instance, heat waves with extremely high temperatures exacerbated by the urban heat island effect, in particular during night-time, with significant consequences for human health.

Additionally, from the perspective of recent regional climate model development with increasing resolution down to the city scale, proper parameterization of urban processes plays an important role to understand local/regional climate change. The inclusion of the individual urban processes affecting energy balance and transport (i.e. heat, humidity, momentum fluxes, emissions) via special urban land-surface interaction parameterization of local processes becomes vital to simulate the urban effects properly. This will enable improved assessment of climate change impacts in cities and inform adaptation and/or mitigation options, as well as adequately prepare for climate-related risks (e.g. heat waves, smog conditions, etc.).

Cities are becoming one of the most vulnerable environments under climate change. Therefore, we introduced this topic to the CORDEX platform aiming to provide regional climate downscaling, within the framework of so-called flagship pilot studies on challenging issues and gaps in regional climate change knowledge. The main aims and progress of this activity will be presented, on the analysis of previous simulations available and test case studies. 

How to cite: Halenka, T. and Langendijk, G.: CORDEX Flagship Pilot Study URB-RCC: Urban Environments and Regional Climate Change, EMS Annual Meeting 2023, Bratislava, Slovakia, 4–8 Sep 2023, EMS2023-616, https://doi.org/10.5194/ems2023-616, 2023.