Europlanet Science Congress 2021
Virtual meeting
13 – 24 September 2021
Europlanet Science Congress 2021
Virtual meeting
13 September – 24 September 2021
EPSC Abstracts
Vol. 15, EPSC2021-649, 2021
European Planetary Science Congress 2021
© Author(s) 2021. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Diurnal cycle of the Venus near-surface dynamics

Maxence Lefèvre
Maxence Lefèvre
  • University of Oxford, AOPP, Oxford, United Kingdom of Great Britain – England, Scotland, Wales (

1. Introduction
Below 10 km the atmosphere of Venus virtually unknown, only the VeGa-2 has successfully measure the temperature in that region. At the surface, only Venera 9 and 10 directly measured the wind for respectively 49 min and 90 s, and several other probes like Venera 13 and 14 measured indirectly the wind speed. The amplitude of the measured wind speed is inferior to 2 m/s [4]. The planetary boundary layer has been studied with a global circulation model (GCM) [5], exhibiting a strong effect of the solar heating on the amplitude of the slope wind in the tropics. Additional studies are needed for the understanding of the near-surface dynamics and future landing missions. We propose to use a mesoscale model to study this part of the atmosphere.

2. Model
To study the near-surface dynamics, the LMD Venus mesoscale model [1] is used, composed of the Weather-Research Forecast (WRF) non-hydrostatic dynamical core [2] coupled with the IPSL Venus GCM physics package [3]. The domain is centered on Ovda Regio in Aphrodite Terra with a resolution of 20 km (Fig 1). The mesoscale boundary conditions are forced with the IPSL Venus GCM.

Figure 1: Topography (km) of the mesoscale model, centered on Ovda Regio in Aphrodite Terra with a resoltion of 20 km.

3. Results
Fig 2 shows the diurnal variation at the specific point for the zonal (blue) and meridional (red) winds, exhibiting a wind direction around noon. The amplitudes of the winds are consistent with in-situ measurements. The surface heat flux reaches a maximum value of 93 W/m 2 at noon. The surface temperature exhibits a diurnal cycle inferior at 2 K. Additional results about the near surface of Venus will be presented.

Figure 2: Diurnal variation of the zonal wind (blue) meridional wind (red), surface heat flux (green) and surface temperature (black) for at the black dot in Fig 1.

[1] Lefèvre et al., Icarus, 335, 113376, 2020.
[2] Skamarock, W. C. and J. B. Klemp, J., Comput. Phys., 227, 3465-3485, 2008
[3] Garate-Lopez, I. and Lebonnois., S., Icarus, 314,1-11, 2018.
[4] Lorenz, R., Icarus, 264, 311-315, 2016.
[5] Lebonnois, S. et al., Icarus, 314, 149-158, 2018.

How to cite: Lefèvre, M.: Diurnal cycle of the Venus near-surface dynamics, European Planetary Science Congress 2021, online, 13–24 Sep 2021, EPSC2021-649,, 2021.

Display materials

Display link

Comments on the scientific presentation material

to access the discussion