Europlanet Science Congress 2022
Palacio de Congresos de Granada, Spain
18 – 23 September 2022
Europlanet Science Congress 2022
Palacio de Congresos de Granada, Spain
18 September – 23 September 2022
EPSC Abstracts
Vol. 16, EPSC2022-174, 2022
Europlanet Science Congress 2022
© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Exploring the depth of weather storms and vortices in Jupiter’s atmosphere

Scott Bolton1 and the Juno MWR Science Team*
Scott Bolton and the Juno MWR Science Team
  • 1Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, United States of America (
  • *A full list of authors appears at the end of the abstract

As observed for over 100 years, Jupiter's atmosphere has been characterized by a well-organized system of zones and belts disrupted by storms and vortices such as the Great Red Spot (GRS).  Jupiter’s meteorologically-active weather layer, where storms, vortices, and convective clouds are observed, was expected to be constrained to relatively shallow depths above the levels where water condensation and latent heat release might be an important driver of convection.  Early results from Juno extended the puzzle by discovering that both ammonia and water vary across most of the planet at much greater depths than their expected saturation levels.


The Microwave Radiometer (MWR) instrument on the Juno spacecraft provides a new and unique view into giant planetary atmospheres, using a set of radiometers operating at a range of frequencies that interrogate depths from the upper troposphere down to more than 600 km beneath the visible cloud tops.  As part of Juno, an unprecedented collaboration between ground- and space-based observations has been organized to help interpret the MWR and other Juno data.  Infrared images and spectroscopy from Juno’s Jovian Infrared Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) instrument, as well as from Earth-based observatories, provide compositional boundary conditions for the interpretation of the MWR data.  Spatial context comes from color imaging by JunoCam on Juno and from HST, together with ground-based imaging spanning the UV to the IR.  We present preliminary results of a study on the dynamics inside Jupiter’s atmosphere relating the cloud and storm features observed at shallow depths to the deeper atmospheric dynamics detected by the MWR.

Juno MWR Science Team:

Zhimeng Zhang, Virgil Adumitroaie, Michael Allison, John Arballo, Sushil Atreya, H.N. Becker, J. Bloxham, Gordon Bjoraker, Shannon Brown, Leigh Fletcher, E. Galanti, Tristan Guillot, Samuel Gulkis, Andrew Ingersoll, Michael Janssen, Y. Kaspi, Steven Levin, Cheng Li, Jonathan Lunine, S. Misra, Glenn Orton, Fabiano Oyafuso, Paul Steffes, D. Stevenson, J.H. Waite, Michael Wong and Y. Yadav

How to cite: Bolton, S. and the Juno MWR Science Team: Exploring the depth of weather storms and vortices in Jupiter’s atmosphere, Europlanet Science Congress 2022, Granada, Spain, 18–23 Sep 2022, EPSC2022-174,, 2022.


We are sorry, but the discussion is only available for users who registered for the conference. Thank you.