IAHS-AISH Scientific Assembly 2022
© Author(s) 2023. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Gender differences within hydrological risk perception: Floods and droughts in Italy and Sweden

Elena Mondino1,2,3, Elena Raffetti1,3,4, and Giuliano Di Baldassarre1,3
Elena Mondino et al.
  • 1Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden (elena.mondino@geo.uu.se)
  • 2Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 3Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, Sweden
  • 4Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

Floods and droughts keep causing enormous damage worldwide. Thus, understanding how people perceive drought and flood risk, and how this may change over time, can help researchers, practitioners, and policymakers assist communities at risk. In particular, identifying potential gender differences in the perception of hydrological risk can support fair disaster risk reduction policies which take such differences into account. With the support of three rounds of national survey data on risk perception, knowledge, and preparedness in Italy and Sweden, this study shows that the perceptions of drought and flood risk are heavily intertwined. It also shows that changes in perception over time are different between women and men, with women showing a higher fluctuation over time compared to men, especially concerning floods. These results and their implications bring evidence in favour of integrating gender into hydrological risk management efforts and risk communication, as well as promoting policies that simultaneously address flood and drought risk.

How to cite: Mondino, E., Raffetti, E., and Di Baldassarre, G.: Gender differences within hydrological risk perception: Floods and droughts in Italy and Sweden, IAHS-AISH Scientific Assembly 2022, Montpellier, France, 29 May–3 Jun 2022, IAHS2022-214, https://doi.org/10.5194/iahs2022-214, 2022.