EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Comparison of 137Cs activity between an ocean general circulation model and the global database

Daisuke Tsumune1, Frank Bryan2, Keith Lindsay2, Kazuhiro Misumi1, Takaki Tsubono1, Yayoi Inomata3, and Michio Aoyama4
Daisuke Tsumune et al.
  • 1Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Abiko, Japan (
  • 2National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, USA
  • 3Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
  • 4Tsukuba University, Tsukuba, Japan

We investigate the oceanic dispersion of 137Cs (half-life of 30.1 years) and its impact on the environment. 137Cs has been released into the ocean due to the atmospheric weapons tests, discharge from nuclear reprocessing plants, the Chernobyl accident, and most recently due to Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F NPP) accident. 137Cs activities measured for scientific purposes as well as environmental health and safety monitoring have been summarized in a historical database by IAEA. The spatio-temporal density of the observations varies widely, therefore simulation by an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) can be helpful in the interpretation of these observations. Although simulations of 137Cs activity by OGCMs have been carried out previously, the input condition of 137Cs still has large uncertainties due to a lack of observations of global fallout. The horizontal resolution of the previously available estimated global fallout of 137Cs was 10 degree longitude x latitude. We have produced a new estimate of the global fallout of 137Cs with 2.5-degree resolution using the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) data, and investigated the impact of the revised input condition on the simulation of distribution of 137Cs in the ocean. In addition, discharges of 137Cs from the reprocessing plants (Sellafield and La Hague) were also considered. We used the Parallel Ocean Program version 2 (POP2) of the Community Earth System Model version 2 (CESM2). The horizontal resolution is 1.125 degree of longitude, and from 0.28 degree to 0.54 degree of latitude. There are 60 vertical levels with a minimum spacing of 10 m near the ocean surface, and increased spacing with depth to a maximum of 250 m. The simulated period was from 1945 to 2010 with the circulation forced by repeating (“Normal Year”) atmospheric conditions. We estimated the global distribution of 137Cs deposition from 1945 to 2010 by using these geographical distribution data, the observed time-series data of annual 137Cs deposition at the MRI from 1958 to 2010, and time-series data of 137Cs deposition from 1945 to 1958 estimated from ice-core data. Simulated 137Cs activities derived from the 2.5-degree deposition data were in good agreement with observations, particularly in the Pacific Ocean. Simulated 137Cs activities were strongly influenced by the discharge of 137Cs from the reprocessing plants. Transport processes were also investigated in the simulated results.

How to cite: Tsumune, D., Bryan, F., Lindsay, K., Misumi, K., Tsubono, T., Inomata, Y., and Aoyama, M.: Comparison of 137Cs activity between an ocean general circulation model and the global database, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-12627,, 2020


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