EGU2020-19119, updated on 10 Jan 2024
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2024. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Emissions of CH4, CO2, C2H6, CO and isotopic signatures in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland

Alina Fiehn1, Julian Kostinek1, Maximilian Eckl1, Michal Galkowski2,3, Jinxuan Chen2, Christoph Gerbig2, Thomas Röckmann4, Hossein Maazallahi4, Martina Schmidt5, Piotr Korben5, Jarek Necki3, Norman Wildmann1, Christian Mallaun6, Theresa Klausner1, Rostyslav Bun7, Andreas Fix1, and Anke Roiger1
Alina Fiehn et al.
  • 1Institute for Atmospheric Physics, DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Weßling, Germany
  • 2Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie (MPI), Biogeochemische Systeme (BGC), Jena, Germany
  • 3Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
  • 4Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research Utrecht, University Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 5Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
  • 6Flight Experiments, DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, Weßling, Germany
  • 7Department of Applied Mathematics, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine

The Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB) represents one of the largest European CH4 emission source regions, with a total sum of 500 Gg CH4/a released by individual coal mine ventilation shafts. During the CoMet (Carbon Dioxide and Methane Mission) campaign in late spring 2018, airborne in-situ measurements were carried out aboard the DLR research aircraft Cessna Caravan. The Cessna was equipped with a cavity ring-down and a quantum cascade laser system to measure CH4 and CO2, as well as related tracers such as CO and C2H6. Additionally, air samples were collected and analyzed for greenhouse and trace gases, including isotopic ratios of CH4 and CO2. Meteorological parameters were measured with a boom mounted sensor package.

During nine research flights, CH4 emissions were studied by using an airborne Mass Balance Approach. Depending on the wind situation, different areas of the USCB region were targeted. To account for the lower part of the plume not accessible by the aircraft, a number of vans with mobile in-situ measurement systems conducted ground-based measurements in a coordinated manner. The derived methane emission estimate agrees well with bottom-up inventories like the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) and the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E‑PRTR). The CO2 emission estimate is at the lower end of the inventories. The CO emission estimate is higher than inventory values.

From simultaneous methane and ethane measurement the emission ratios of different subregions of the USCB could be determined. The emission ratios range from 19 to 290 CH4/C2H6 and are, thus, quite variable within this coal basin. From the analysis of collected flask air samples the isotopic composition of CH4 emissions was determined. Isotopic signatures of Polish USCB CH4 emissions are between -52.7‰ and -49.4‰ for δ13C and between -241‰ and -178‰ for δD. Samples taken in the Czech part of the USCB had a δD isotopic ratio of around -309‰, hinting at a larger influence of biogenic sources in this region.

How to cite: Fiehn, A., Kostinek, J., Eckl, M., Galkowski, M., Chen, J., Gerbig, C., Röckmann, T., Maazallahi, H., Schmidt, M., Korben, P., Necki, J., Wildmann, N., Mallaun, C., Klausner, T., Bun, R., Fix, A., and Roiger, A.: Emissions of CH4, CO2, C2H6, CO and isotopic signatures in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-19119,, 2020.


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