EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Petrogenesis and Lu–Hf dating of (ultra)mafic rocks from the Kutná Hora Crystalline Complex: implications for the Devonian evolution of the Bohemian Massif

Jana Kotková1, Lukáš Ackerman1,2, Renata Čopjaková3, Jiří Sláma2, Jakub Trubač4, and Veronika Dillingerová5
Jana Kotková et al.
  • 1Czech Geological Survey, Klárov 3, 118 21 Prague 1, Czech Republic (
  • 2Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Rozvojová 269, 165 00, Praha 6, Czech Republic
  • 3Department of Geological Sciences, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37, Brno, Czech Republic
  • 4Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Albertov 6, 128 43, Praha 2, Czech Republic
  • 5Department of Chemistry, Masaryk University, Kamenice 753/5, 625 00, Brno, Czech Republic

Orogenic garnet peridotites with associated garnet pyroxenites and eclogites in the (U)HP-(U)HT terranes provide insight into mantle melting and subduction-related metamorphism in collisional orogenic belts. Here we demonstrate that they also represent unique tracers of early subduction processes in the internal part of the European Variscan Belt, where subsequent high-temperature processes affect thermochronometers in crustal rocks. Our study focused on several localities within the Kutná Hora Crystalline Complex (KHCC), a key area for the evolution of the Variscan Bohemian Massif due to its position, evidence for a deep crustal subduction (diamond in granulites) and complete geochronological record.

The mantle rocks show highly variable petrographical and geochemical characteristics reflecting derivation from contrasting mantle sources which have undergone both mantle melting and enrichment due to subduction-related metasomatism.  While the Úhrov lherzolite has trace element and Sr–Nd–Hf composition similar to depleted oceanic asthenospheric mantle, the composition of the Bečváry lherzolite reflects extensive refertilization by basaltic melts associated with Grt±Cpx precipitation. Multiple solid inclusions (MSI) trapped in garnet, dominated by Ti and Fe-Ti oxides (rutile, ilmenite), represent relics of Ti-rich low-degree basaltic partial melt. Minor hornblende/phlogopite and carbonate reflect mantle metasomatism by H2O±CO2-bearing fluids. Highly to mildly radiogenic Sr–Nd–Hf–Os isotopic compositions along with negative HFSE anomalies in clinopyroxene indicate only a very small contribution of recycled crustal component. The Doubrava peridotites exhibit marked petrographic variability ranging from harzburgite to composite dunite-wehrlite/olivine-bearing pyroxenite assemblage and contrasting geochemical patterns. This can be best explained by interaction between depleted protolith and SiO2-undersaturated melt with small proportion of recycled crust (~5 % when subducted oceanic crust is considered). The KHCC eclogites show diverse origins, involving products of high-pressure crystal accumulation from mantle-derived basaltic melts, or a fragment of MORB-like gabbroic cumulate and crustal-derived material both metamorphosed at HT–HP conditions.

The Úhrov peridotite yields Lu–Hf age of 395 ± 23 Ma, interpreted as dating garnet growth based on detailed examination of trace element garnet zoning. By contrast, eclogites yield younger Lu–Hf ages of ~350 and 330 Ma, respectively, representing mixed ages as demonstrated by garnet trace element zoning and a strong granulite-facies overprint.

We propose a refined model for Devonian–Carboniferous evolution of the Bohemian Massif,   with the subduction of the oceanic crust and associated oceanic asthenospheric mantle beneath the Teplá–Barrandian at ~400 Ma related to closure of the Saxothuringian ocean between Gondwana-derived microcontinents. The overlaying lithospheric mantle wedge was refertilized by fluids/melts. Oceanic subduction passed to continental subduction of the Saxothuringian crust (~370–360 Ma?) accompanied by the break-off  of the eclogitized oceanic crust facilitating incorporation of the upwelling asthenospheric mantle into the Moldanubian lithospheric mantle wedge. Subsequent collision and coeval exhumation of mantle and crustal rocks occurred at ~350–330 Ma and might be associated with mixing/mingling of crustal-derived melts and mafic lithologies producing the observed geochemical and geochronological signatures.

How to cite: Kotková, J., Ackerman, L., Čopjaková, R., Sláma, J., Trubač, J., and Dillingerová, V.: Petrogenesis and Lu–Hf dating of (ultra)mafic rocks from the Kutná Hora Crystalline Complex: implications for the Devonian evolution of the Bohemian Massif , EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-7983,, 2020

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