EGU2020-8434
https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8434
EGU General Assembly 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Towards a two-axis cold-atom gyroscope for rotational seismology

Remi Geiger, romain gautier, leonid sidorenkov, and arnaud landragin
Remi Geiger et al.
  • LNE-SYRTE, Observatoire de Paris-Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France (remi.geiger@obspm.fr)

Cold-atom inertial sensors target several applications in navigation, prospection, geoscience and tests of fundamental physics. The operation of these sensors is based on atomic interferometry taking advantage of superpositions between quantum states of different momentum of an atom. These superposition states are obtained by means of optical transitions with two (or more) photons communicating momentum to the atom and acting as beam splitters and mirrors for the matter waves. The SYRTE cold-atom gyroscope currently represent the state of the art of atomic gyroscopes with a short-term sensitivity of 40 nrad/s/sqrt(Hz) limited by vibration noise (using a 4 Hz sampling rate), a long term stability of 3e-10 rad/s and an accuracy of 10 nrad/s. The detection noise limit of the sensor (quantum projection noise) is currently 5 nrad/s/sqrt(Hz) in the band DC-1 Hz, which already represents an interest to sense ground rotations in a typical frequency range between 1 mHz and 1 Hz. A second horizontal axis of measurement is currently being implemented. Moreover, we are designing a new experiment which aims a reaching a (quantum projection noise limited) sensitivity of 1 nrad/s/sqrt(Hz) in this frequency band along two axes of measurement, which represents an interesting perspective for the field of rotational seismology. This contribution will present the results recently achieved with the SYRTE gyroscope experiment to reach state-of-the-art performances and present the route to applications of this sensor in geosciences.

 

How to cite: Geiger, R., gautier, R., sidorenkov, L., and landragin, A.: Towards a two-axis cold-atom gyroscope for rotational seismology, EGU General Assembly 2020, Online, 4–8 May 2020, EGU2020-8434, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-8434, 2020

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