Inter- and Transdisciplinary Sessions
Disciplinary sessions AS–GM
Disciplinary sessions GMPV–TS

Session programme


GMPV – Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Petrology & Volcanology

SC5.20 EDI
Showcasing the Magma Chamber Simulator

The Magma Chamber Simulator (MCS) is a thermodynamically self-consistent computer code that simultaneously models complex magma mixing, crustal assimilation, and crystal fractionation processes in a user-constrained magmatic system. Using rigorous thermodynamics, MCS tracks its thermal, mass, and compositional (major/trace element, isotope, and phase equilibria) evolution.

MCS can be applied to a wide range of research subjects from the evolution and growth of the crust to origins of volcanic phenomena. More specifically, MCS can be used to model whole-rock, mineral, and melt inclusion major/trace element and isotopic data from natural systems. Among the many goals for such modeling are defining which processes dominate at a particular volcano/pluton, and documenting the temporal balance of mantle versus crust contributing to a magma system. MCS has broad appeal to interdisciplinary groups of petrologists, geochemists, and volcanologists, or anyone who is interested in how researchers try to replicate natural magmatic systems.

On this short course, we will provide an introduction on how MCS operates and what kind of input and output is related to it. To show this, we will run an example simulation accompanied with a visualization of the modeled system.

If they so wish, the attendees can run the example simulation on their personal computer or laptop. For those who want to do this, necessary information and instructions will be shared in the Session Materials.

Public information:
The Magma Chamber Simulator (MCS) is a thermodynamically self-consistent computer code that simultaneously models complex magma mixing, crustal assimilation, and crystal fractionation processes in a user-constrained magmatic system. Using rigorous thermodynamics, MCS tracks its thermal, mass, and compositional (major/trace element, isotope, and phase equilibria) evolution.

On this short course, we will provide an introduction on how MCS operates and what kind of input and output is related to it. To show this, we will run an example simulation accompanied with a visualization of the modeled system.

There is no need to register to the short course separately as long as you have registered to EGU2021. The short course will be open for all conference participants.

MCS is freely available for download at https://mcs.geol.ucsb.edu/code
Please follow the instructions on the website for installation.

NOTE! It is possible to run the example simulation using personal computer or laptop during the short course. If the attendees wish to do this, they should download and install MCS and test that it works BEFORE the short course. We also recommend that separate computers are used for viewing the short course and running the software. The input file or the link to it will be provided in the session materials.

Please do not hesitate to contact us, if there are any issues with installing or running the software.

IMPORTANT NOTE! A separate Q&A Zoom session with the hosts will take place right after the Short Course at about 17:00 (CEST). Send e-mail to Riikka (riikka.fred (at) helsinki.fi) or Ville (ville.z.virtanen (at) helsinki.fi) for log-in details about this session in case you are interested, but not participating in the short course (where we will distribute the information in the end). We will also use this separate session as a backup in case the one on the EGU platform crashes.
Co-organized by GMPV
Convener: Jussi Heinonen | Co-conveners: Wendy Bohrson, Riikka FredECSECS, Frank Spera, Ville VirtanenECSECS
Tue, 27 Apr, 16:00–17:00 (CEST)
Volcanic Plumes: Insights into Volcanic Emissions and their Impacts on the Environment and Health

Volcanoes release gas effluents and aerosol particles into the atmosphere during eruptive episodes and by quiescent emissions. Volcanic degassing exerts a dominant role in forcing the timing and nature of volcanic unrest and eruptions. Understanding the exsolution processes of gas species dissolved in magma, and measuring their emissions is crucial to characterise eruptive mechanism and evaluate the sub-sequent impacts on the atmospheric composition, the environment and the biosphere. Emissions range from silent exhalation through soils to astonishing eruptive clouds that release gas and particles into the atmosphere, potentially exerting a strong impact on the Earth’s radiation budget and climate over a range of temporal and spatial scales. Strong explosive volcanic eruptions are a major natural driver of climate variability at interannual to multidecadal time scales. Quiescent passive degassing and smaller-magnitude eruptions on the other hand can impact on regional climate system. Through direct exposure and indirect effects, volcanic emissions may influence local-to-regional air quality and seriously affect the biosphere and environment. Volcanic gases can also present significant hazards to populations downwind of an eruption, in terms of human, animal and plant health, which subsequently can affect livelihoods and cause socio-economic challenges. Gas emissions are measured and monitored via a range of in-situ and remote sensing techniques, to gain insights into both the subterranean-surface processes and quantify the extent of their impacts. In addition, modelling of the subsurface and atmospheric/climatic processes, as well as laboratory experiments, are fundamental to the interpretation of field-based and satellite observations.

This session focuses on the state-of-the-art and interdisciplinary science concerning all aspects of volcanic degassing and impacts of relevance to the Volcanology, Environmental, Atmospheric and Climate sciences (including regional climate), and Hazard assessment. We invite contributions on all aspects of volcanic plumes science, their observation, modelling and impacts. We welcome contributions that address issues around the assessment of hazards and impacts from volcanic degassing both in crises and at persistently degassing volcanoes.

Co-organized by AS3/CL4/NH2
Convener: Pasquale Sellitto | Co-conveners: Amy Donovan, Emily MasonECSECS, Tjarda Roberts, Giuseppe G. Salerno
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
GMPV 2020/2021 Robert Wilhelm Bunsen Medal Lectures & 2021 Division Outstanding ECS Award Lecture
Convener: Marian Holness
| Mon, 19 Apr, 15:00–17:00 (CEST)
Division meeting for Geochemistry, Mineralogy, Petrology & Volcanology (GMPV)
Convener: Marian Holness
Mon, 19 Apr, 11:30–12:30 (CEST)
EGU 2020/2021 Arthur Holmes Medal Lectures
Conveners: Alberto Montanari, Helen Glaves
| Tue, 20 Apr, 11:30–14:30 (CEST)
GMPV ECS-event

Public information:
Music, informal chats in break-out rooms, quick surveys, virtual HAPPY hour... what else? Let’s meet over Zoom and get to know each other! The GMPV ECS networking event is open to everyone! Conference participants will see the link to join 15 minutes before the session starts.

Looking forward to seeing lots of you there!
Convener: Giulia ConsumaECSECS
Thu, 22 Apr, 18:00–19:00 (CEST)
GMPV-event for all division members

Public information:
The social event for GMPV members and their friends! This is a chance to meet and greet and to chat in a fun, informal setting. (The Gather.town setting has some cats hidden within it...so bring some virtual catnip and see if you can find them).
We look forward to welcoming you at this fun event.
Convener: Marian Holness
Mon, 26 Apr, 19:00–20:00 (CEST)

GMPV1 – Advances in techniques with interdisciplinary applications

Advances in nano- to micro-analytical tools to understand Earth processes

This session is divided into two parts: (1) Defects, interfaces and trace element heterogeneities, and (2) Advances in Raman spectroscopy.
(1) Recent developments in correlative analytical methodologies enable unique observations of physical and chemical complexities in geological materials down to the nanoscale. These observations illustrate complex relationships between trace element segregation and crystal defects that are a nanoscale manifestation of the meso- to tectonic-scale mass transfer processes that govern Earth and planetary systems. This session focuses on the development, integration and application of advanced structural and chemical analysis to investigate of nano- to atomic-scale structural and geochemical processes. Studies involving transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution electron backscatter diffraction, electron channeling contrast imaging, transmission Kikuchi diffraction, laser ablation – inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry, secondary ion mass spectrometry and atom probe tomography are particularly welcomed. We encourage contributions that yield new insights into the relationships of defects, interfaces and trace element heterogeneities, including their origin and preservation, as well as the broader implications and applications to geochemistry, geochronology, petrology, mineral physics, economic geology, and structural and metamorphic geology.
(2) Raman spectroscopy is well established in a range of geoscientific disciplines. Geothermometry is one common application, with recent advances in spectral parameterization significantly broadening the range of applicable temperatures. When applied to organic carbon, it has also been shown that Raman spectra can be affected by factors other than temperature, such as strain and starting carbon type. This surge in understanding creates the opportunity to advance Raman spectroscopy as a potential tool across a range of fields. We welcome any contributions that deal with Raman spectroscopy in the context of geoscience, particularly those that shed light on new ways in which Raman can be used to understand Earth systems. We also encourage debate on the opportunities and limitations presented by Raman as an analytical tool.

Convener: Renelle DubosqECSECS | Co-conveners: Lauren KedarECSECS, Steven Reddy, Clare Bond, Dave Muirhead
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 11:00–12:30 (CEST)
Towards Exascale Supercomputing in Solid Earth Geoscience and Geohazards

The leading-edge computational and data facilities of the forthcoming Exascale era will bring a variety of currently inaccessible Solid Earth computational challenges within reach. Firstly, many Geoscience calculations that are currently unaffordable due to the size of the computational domain, necessary model resolution, or insurmountable data requirements, will become increasingly tractable. Secondly, Exascale supercomputing will facilitate probabilistic framework approaches to ever larger and more complex problems, through larger ensembles of model realizations and incorporating high-end data inversion, model data assimilation, and uncertainty quantification. Finally, Urgent High Performance Computing will become a reality with complex numerical simulations, potentially with large model ensembles, becoming possible in near real-time. Numerous natural hazards which pose a direct threat to human life and critical infrastructure (e.g. earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, wildfire, landslides, and tsunamis) can require rapid and well-informed decision making in the emergency management process. The basis for these decisions is often provided by complex and data-intensive numerical models and we face a challenge of designing and implementing robust and powerful workflows (including computing, data management, sharing and logistics, and post processing) which present stakeholders with relevant and accurate results in a timely manner. This transdisciplinary session seeks contributions related to the preparation of codes for Exascale, geoscience workflows and services, adapting codes for emerging hybrid hardware architectures, e-services demanding Urgent HPC, early warning and forecasts for geohazards, hazard assessment, and high-performance data analytics. Examples include codes and workflows for near real-time seismic simulations, full-waveform seismic inversion, ensemble-based forecasts, faster than real-time tsunami simulation, magneto-hydrodynamics simulations, and physics-based hazard assessment.
This session is organized by the Center of Excellence for Exascale in Solid Earth (ChEESE) with the support of the European Plate Observatory System (EPOS), the EUDAT Collaborative Data Infrastructure (EUDAT CDI) and the Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE). The organisers plan to submit a proposal for an Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO) EGU General Assembly special volume on one or more EGU Divisions.

Public information:
Many problems in modern geosciences require vast and complex numerical models. These may require great volumes of data and complex data logistics to resolve geophysical processes over many scales, vast numbers of simulations to adequately model uncertainty, or urgent computation to forecast impending hazards. Such applications require High Performance Computing (HPC) and/or Data Analysis (HPDA). On the verge of Exascale computing, this transdisciplinary session seeks to close the gap between geoscience needs and the codes, workflows, and data logistics needed to exploit Exascale HPC.
Co-organized by EMRP2/ESSI2/GD8/GMPV1/SM8
Convener: Arnau Folch | Co-conveners: Steven Gibbons, Marisol Monterrubio-Velasco, Jean-Pierre Vilotte, Sara Aniko Wirp
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 11:00–11:45 (CEST)
Managing Geochemical Data from Field to Lab to Publication to Archive

Significant investments are made globally in laboratory analytical research in the Earth and space sciences to extract new scientific insights from Earth and planetary materials. Expensive laboratory infrastructure and advanced instrumentation generates data at an ever increasing level of precision, resolution, and volume. Any data generated at any scale needs to be efficiently managed and losslessly transferred from instruments in “Private” domains to a “Collaboration” domains, where researchers can analyze and share these data as well as the analytical tools. Ultimately, the data need to be transferred to the “Public” domain, complete with all relevant information about the analytical process and uncertainty, and cross-references to originating samples and publications. Many solutions today are bespoke and inefficient, lacking, for example, unique identification of samples, instruments, and data sets needed to trace the analytical history of the data.

This session seeks contributions about new developments to achieve FAIR, scalable and sustainable access to analytical data from any laboratory instrument and domain at any scale (from an individual instrument in a geochemical lab to data measured with synchrotrons), and any stage from the initial collection of the sample through to the publication of the final data, including the use of persistent identifiers to uniquely identify samples, instruments, researchers, grants, data, etc. Papers are welcome on systems that transfer data/metadata directly from instruments to “collaborative storage areas” that facilitate sharing and processing of geochemical data, as well as systems that transfer data used in publications to relevant repositories that ensure long term persistence of data and enhanced reproducibility of geochemical research.

Public information:
Significant investments are made globally to study samples from the Earth, the Moon, and other planetary materials in research laboratories to extract new scientific insights about the history and state of our solar system. Expensive laboratory infrastructure and advanced instrumentation generates data at an ever increasing level of precision, resolution, and volume. This data needs to be efficiently managed and losslessly transferred from instruments in the lab, where the data are not accessible to others, to a “Collaboration” domain, where researchers can share and jointly analyze these data, to the “Public” domain, complete with all relevant information about the analytical process and uncertainty, and cross-references to originating samples and publications. Many solutions today are bespoke and inefficient, lacking, for example, unique identification of samples, instruments, and data sets needed to trace the analytical history of the data.

This session provides an overview on all facets of geochemical data management since the first “Editors Roundtable” in 2007, an initial meeting of editors, publishers, and database providers to implement consistent practices for reporting geochemical data in the literature or sharing these data in geochemical databases. What has happened since? Our presentations stretch from initiatives describing the full workflow support, to individual tools for data management in the lab, to specific data collections and data publication initiatives to the overarching aim of linking between systems and the need for standards.
Co-organized by GI2/GMPV1
Convener: Kirsten Elger | Co-conveners: Alexander PrentECSECS, Lesley Wyborn
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 13:30–15:00 (CEST)

GMPV2 – Geochemical cycles: the mantle-surface connection

Melts and volatiles in Earth and planetary interiors: from atmosphere to core, from global cycles to the micro-scale, from transport dynamics to storage to geophysical detection

The global-scale cycling of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, sulphur etc. controls the mass, composition and state of the outermost volatile layer of terrestrial planets over time, thereby controlling their habitability. These planetary volatile cycles involve the atmosphere, hydrosphere, crust, mantle and perhaps even core. On geological timescales, they are controlled by plate tectonics and mantle convection, but also by magmatism. Indeed, mantle melting is a key process that partitions (volatile) elements between the various planetary reservoirs. On Earth, for instance, ingassing and outgassing mainly occur at subduction zones, and major sites of volcanism (i.e., mid-ocean ridges and hotspots), respectively. Indeed, major volatile cycles are balanced to first order through ingassing and outgassing, particularly on plate-tectonic planets such as Earth. In planetary interiors, volatiles are partitioned into the existing minerals, or stabilize minor phases such as diamond or various hydrous phases in the mantle and crust, something that directly influences the spatial distribution of melt formation. Conversely, melt transport induces volatile exchanges between planetary reservoirs and favors outgassing. Understanding the complex dynamics (e.g., multi-phase flow) of melt/fluid segregation or accumulation is thus crucial for understanding global-scale volatile/material cycling. Further, melt retention as well as volatile content and speciation strongly and non-linearly affect rock properties such as viscosity, modal mineralogy, melting behavior, oxidation state, seismic velocity and attenuation, electrical conductivity and density.

In this session, we invite contributions from researchers in all disciplines of the Earth and Planetary Sciences that study volatile cycling and reservoir exchanges through fluid/melt percolation as well as magmatism from regional to global scales, and from short to long timescales. We also invite contributions such as, e.g., on the effects of volatiles on material properties, melt stabilization and planetary surface conditions, related observations or processes. Experimental, observational, modeling, and truly integrated multidisciplinary studies are highly welcome.

Co-organized by EMRP1/GMPV2/NP1/PS3
Convener: Maxim Ballmer | Co-conveners: Nestor CerpaECSECS, Jasmeet Dhaliwal, Linda Kirstein, S. Shawn WeiECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Tue, 27 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
Continental Rift Evolution: from inception to break-up, with special attention to the The Afro-Arabian rifting system

Continental rifting is a complex process spanning from the inception of extension to continental rupture or the formation of a failed rift. This session aims at combining new data, concepts and techniques elucidating the structure and dynamics of rifts and rifted margins. We invite submissions highlighting the time-dependent evolution of processes such as: initiation and growth of faults and ductile shear zones, tectonic and sedimentary history, magma migration, storage and volcanism, lithospheric necking and rift strength loss, influence of the pre-rift lithospheric structure, rift kinematics and plate motion, mantle flow and dynamic topography, as well as break-up and the transition to sea-floor spreading.

We encourage contributions using multi-disciplinary and innovative methods from field geology, geochronology, geochemistry, petrology, seismology, geodesy, marine geophysics, plate reconstruction, or numerical or analogue modelling. Especially welcome are presentations that provide an integrated picture by combining results from active rifts, passive margins, failed rift arms or by bridging the temporal and spatial scales associated with rifting.

Withing this session, a specific segment will be dedicated to studies of rift tectonics in the The Afro-Arabian rift system (the basins of the Gulf of Suez, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Afar depression and the surrounding regions or related areas). This system contains the world’s largest active continental rift and is the key locality for studying continental breakup processes. Natural phenomena such as basin formation, continental breakup, seismic and volcanic activity, and the formation of mineral resources in and around the three arms of the Afar triple junction highlights some of the key aspects of this complex rift system.

Public information:
Special issue alert:
This session is linked to three special issues in the gold open access journal "Frontiers in Earth Science".

(1) "Links between tectonics, fault evolution and surface processes in extensional systems", edited by Frank Zwaan, Alex Hughes, Laura Gregory, Joanna Faure Walker and Lisa McNeill. Manuscript submission deadline: 31 October 2021. Link: https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/20047
(2) "InSAR for Volcanoes and Tectonics", edited by Carolina Pagli, Hua Wang, Anne Socquet and Vincent Drouin. Manuscript submission deadline: 30 June 2021. Link: https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/18940
(3) "Geodynamics and Magmatism in the Afro-Arabian Rift System", edited by Nico Augustin, Froukje van der Zwan, Joël Ruch, Neil Mitchell, Daniele Trippanera. Manuscript submission deadline: 10 May 2021. Link: https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/16355

If you are interested in contributing a paper to one of these special issue, please contact us and/or register on the respective special issue website
Co-organized by GD5/GM9/GMPV2/SM4
Convener: Frank ZwaanECSECS | Co-conveners: Laura ParisiECSECS, Giacomo Corti, Daniele TrippaneraECSECS, Derek Keir, Froukje M. van der ZwanECSECS, Sylvie Leroy, Carolina Pagli
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 09:00–12:30 (CEST)
Geochemical and geodynamic perspectives on the origin and evolution of deep-seated mantle melts and their interaction with the lithosphere

The origin and evolution of the continental lithosphere is closely linked to changes in mantle dynamics through time, from its formation through melt depletion to multistage reworking and reorganisation related to interaction with melts formed both beneath and within it. Understanding this history is critical to constraining terrestrial dynamics, element cycles and metallogeny. We welcome contributions dealing with: (1) Reconstructions of the structure and composition of the lithospheric mantle, and the influence of plumes and subduction zones on root construction; (2) Interactions of plume- and subduction-derived melts and fluids with continental lithosphere, and the nature and development of metasomatic agents; (3) Source rocks, formation conditions (P-T-fO2) and evolution of mantle melts originating below or in the mantle lithosphere; (4) Deep source regions, melting processes and phase transformation in mantle plumes and their fluids; (5) Modes of melt migration and ascent, as constrained from numerical modelling and microstructures of natural mantle samples; (6) Role of mantle melts and fluids in the generation of hybrid and acid magmas.These topics can be illuminated using the geochemistry and fabric of mantle xenoliths and orogenic peridotites, mantle-derived melts and experimental simulations.

Co-organized by GMPV2
Convener: Igor Ashchepkov | Co-conveners: Sonja Aulbach, Kate Kiseeva, Evgenii Sharkov
vPICO presentations
| Tue, 27 Apr, 09:00–12:30 (CEST)
Subduction dynamics, volatiles and melts: Investigations from surface to deep mantle

Subduction drives plate tectonics, generating the major proportion of subaerial volcanism, releasing >90% seismic moment magnitude, forming continents, and recycling lithosphere. Numerical and laboratory modelling studies have successfully built our understanding of many aspects of the geodynamics of subduction zones. Detailed geochemical studies, investigating compositional variation within and between volcanic arcs, provide further insights into systematic chemical processes at the slab surface and within the mantle wedge, providing constraints on thermal structures and material transport within subduction zones. However, with different technical and methodological approaches, model set-ups, inputs and material properties, and in some cases conflicting conclusions between chemical and physical models, a consistent picture of the controlling parameters of subduction-zone processes has so far not emerged.

This session aims to follow subducting lithosphere on its journey from the surface down into the Earth's mantle, and to understand the driving processes for deformation and magmatism in the over-riding plate. We aim to address topics such as: subduction initiation and dynamics; changes in mineral breakdown processes at the slab surface; the formation and migration of fluids and melts at the slab surface; primary melt generation in the wedge; subduction-related magmatism; controls on the position and width of the volcanic arc; subduction-induced seismicity; mantle wedge processes; the fate of subducted crust, sediments and volatiles; the importance of subducting seamounts, LIPs, and ridges; links between near-surface processes and slab dynamics and with regional tectonic evolution; slab delamination and break-off; the effect of subduction on mantle flow; and imaging subduction zone processes.

With this session, we aim to form an integrated picture of the subduction process, and invite contributions from a wide range of disciplines, such as geodynamics, modelling, geochemistry, petrology, volcanology and seismology, to discuss subduction zone dynamics at all scales from the surface to the lower mantle, or in applications to natural laboratories.

Co-organized by GMPV2
Convener: Oğuz H Göğüş | Co-conveners: Taras Gerya, Ágnes KirályECSECS, Wim Spakman, Jeroen van Hunen
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)

GMPV3 – The Early Earth

Early Earth: Dynamics, Geology, Chemistry and Life in the Archean Earth

Processes responsible for formation and development of the early Earth (> 2500Ma) are not well understood and strongly debated, reflecting in part the poorly preserved, altered, and incomplete nature of the geological record from this time.
In this session we encourage the presentation of new approaches and models for the development of Earth's early crust and mantle and their methods of interaction. We encourage contributions from the study of the preserved rock archive as well as geodynamic models of crustal and mantle dynamics so as to better understand the genesis and evolution of continental crust and the stabilization of cratons.
We invite abstracts from a large range of disciplines including geodynamics, geology, geochemistry, and petrology but also studies of early atmosphere, biosphere and early life relevant to this period of Earth history.

Co-organized by AS4/BG5/CL1/GMPV3
Convener: Ria FischerECSECS | Co-conveners: Peter A. Cawood, Nicholas Gardiner, Antoine Rozel, Jeroen van Hunen
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 11:00–12:30 (CEST)

GMPV4 – Geochemistry, petrology, and mineralogy of the Earth and planetary bodies

Evolution of the Earth's upper mantle: a petrological, geochemical and geodynamic perspective on lithospheric mantle xenoliths, orogenic and ophiolitic peridotites

The nature of Earth’s lithospheric mantle is largely constrained from the petrological and geochemical studies of xenoliths. They are complemented by studies of orogenic peridotites and ophiolites, which show the space relationships among various mantle rock kinds, missing in xenoliths. Mantle xenoliths from cratonic regions are distinctly different from those occurring in younger non-cratonic areas. Percolation of melts and fluids through the lithospheric mantle significantly modifies its petrological and geochemical features, which is recorded in mantle xenoliths brought to the surface by oceanic and continental volcanism. Basalts and other mantle-derived magmas provide us another opportunity to study the chemical and physical properties the mantle. These various kinds of information, when assembled together and coupled with experiments and geophysical data, enable the understanding of upper mantle dynamics.
This session’s research focus lies on mineralogical, petrological and geochemical studies of mantle xenoliths, orogenic and ophiolitic peridotites and other mantle derived rocks. We strongly encourage the contributions on petrology and geochemistry of mantle xenoliths and other mantle rocks, experimental studies, the examples and models of mantle processes and its evolution in space and time.

Co-organized by GD3
Convener: Jacek Puziewicz | Co-conveners: Costanza Bonadiman, Michel Grégoire, Károly Hidas
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 13:30–15:00 (CEST)
Understanding planetary crusts and mantles: Recent advances in planetary sciences

Understanding planetary formation and evolution is a key endeavor in planetary science. Through the study of meteorites and returned samples from a range of solar system bodies, some of the key principles in how planets are built and are modified have been formulated. As analytical methods have continued to improve, so has our ability to gain new insights into this important extra-terrestrial sample set. This session encourages submissions on how recent developments in the field of geochemistry and petrology have advanced our understanding of planet-wide geological processes in the solar system. Specifically, we encourage submissions from a broad range of topics such as planetary accretion and differentiation, evolution of crust-mantle systems, and the role of impacts in shaping planetary evolution.

Public information:
For regular updates on running of the conference and potential alterations to the schedule please follow EGU @EuroGeosciences on Twitter.

This session is organised by the UK Planetary Forum (UKPF); for more information please follow the link. https://www.ukpf.org.uk/
Convener: John Pernet-Fisher | Co-conveners: Thomas BarrettECSECS, Enrica BonatoECSECS, Tara HaydenECSECS, Mark Nottingham
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 11:00–11:45 (CEST)
Causes of dynamic, tectonic, and compositional transitions in the Earth and rocky planets

The present state of Earth and other rocky planets are an expression of dynamical and chemical processes occurring throughout their history. Plate tectonics is one of several planetary heat and mass transport regimes, and transitions into and out of this regime cannot be understood by looking at a single example. The rock-record, through geochemistry and magnetism, is used to interrogate changes in the tectono-thermal regime of Earth’s interior through time, while seismic imaging and gravity data, for instance, provide a snapshot of processes occurring in the contemporary mantle, crust and core. These classes of observations may be linked through geodynamic models, whose accuracy is underpinned by the physical properties (e.g., viscosity and density) of its constituent phases (minerals, melts and fluids). Information on the fundamental thermodynamic and physical behaviour of phases is subject to constant advance via experimental and ab-initio techniques.

This session aims to provide a holistic view of the dynamics, structure and composition of Earth, from core to atmosphere, and their evolution through time. We welcome contributions that address questions surrounding Earth’s major geological transformations and initial conditions that include, but are not limited to, study of the Hadean/Archean to better understand plate tectonic behaviour and transitions, magma ocean dynamics, oxidation of planetary interiors/atmospheres and the habitability of silicate worlds. Studies using a multidisciplinary approach are particularly encouraged.

Co-organized by GMPV4/PS3
Convener: Ingo StotzECSECS | Co-conveners: Doris Breuer, Hiu Ching Jupiter ChengECSECS, Tim JonesECSECS, Adrian Lenardic, William Moore, Simone PiliaECSECS, Paolo SossiECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)

GMPV5 – Mineralogy and economic geology

Solving geoscience problems using mineralogy

Mineralogy is the cornerstone of many disciplines and is used to solve a wide range of questions in geoscience. This broad session offers the opportunity to explore the diversity of methods and approaches used to study minerals and how minerals behave and evolve in their many contexts. We welcome contributions on all aspects of mineralogy, including environmental, soil science, metamorphic, plutonic, deep Earth, planetary, applied mineralogy, and so on. All approaches are welcome: analytical, experimental and theoretical.

Convener: Jannick Ingrin | Co-conveners: Juraj Majzlan, Catherine McCammon, Elena ZhitovaECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 13:30–15:00 (CEST)
Mineral deposits: systems, settings and processes

Mineral deposits represent principal sources of metallic and non-metallic raw materials for our society. The implementation of new climate policies and the rise of green energy production and use will trigger an unprecedented demand increase for such resources. Formation of economic commodities requires component sequestration from source region, transport and focusing to structural or chemical barriers. These enrichment processes typically involve magmatic, hydrothermal, weathering or metamorphic events, which operate in diverse geodynamic settings and over various time scales. The scope of this session is to collect insights from diverse areas of mineral exploration, field, analytical or experimental studies of mineral deposits as well as resource characterization and extraction. We invite contributions from fields of economic geology, mineralogy and geochemistry in order to advance our understanding of ore-forming systems.

Co-organized by ERE5
Convener: Cyril Chelle-Michou | Co-convener: David Dolejs
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
Mineral exploration for the XXI Century

Mineral resources are the basis of our modern society and both base and critical metals are essential for modern technology industry and today’s society. To assure a safe and sustainable supply of minerals to meet foreseeable future industry and human demands requires innovative actions and novel technologies. The industry’s move towards deeper and more complex mineral systems brings significant exploration challenges; the sector needs time-saving, cost-effective, environmentally friendly and socially acceptable techniques to ensure sustainable access to mineral resources.
This session aims to bring together geoscientists from all sectors involved in mineral exploration for the 21st century, including geology, mineralogy, geochemistry, geophysics, structural geology, remote sensing, modelling, etc. Abstracts for this session can include, but are not limited to, the following topics: new methods of exploration; imaging; conceptual modelling and quantification of deposits and mineral systems; cost reduction in exploration; non-invasive exploration; integration of multidisciplinary methodologies and datasets; machine learning and artificial intelligence; scale-up and replicability; and industry-academia synergies.

Co-organized by GMPV5
Convener: Juan Alcalde | Co-conveners: Leila AjjabouECSECS, Nicholas T. Arndt, Noélie BontempsECSECS, Christopher Juhlin
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
Antimony and associated elements: from mineralisation to the environment.

Antimony is a critical element for European Union, due to its high interest and low availavility in Europe. However, it has been intensively mined in Europe during the 19th and 20th Centuries, leaving in many cases a legacy of unsolved affection to the environment.
The present session will focus in the present-day possibilities of antimony as an element to be properly exploited and processed. Possible contributions to this session will include research works related with the geological origin of Sb deposits and associated metals (Hg, As, Se, Au), metallogenetical models, mineralogy and geochemistry of Sb-ore deposits, typology of these, as well as environmental studies aimed to assess the possible affections of the mining of Sb deposits to the environment.

Co-organized by GMPV5
Convener: Pablo Higueras | Co-conveners: Antonia Cepedal, Eric Gloaguen, Alexandre Lima
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 09:00–10:30 (CEST)
Mineral archives – insights from modern and ancient marine, terrestrial, and man-made systems

Minerals are formed in great diversity under Earth surface conditions, as skeletons, microbialites, speleothems, or authigenic cements, and they preserve a wealth of geochemical, biological, mineralogical, and isotopic information, providing valuable archives of past environmental conditions. Interpreting these archives requires fundamental understanding of mineral formation processes, but also insights from the geological record.

In this session we welcome oral and poster presentations from a wide range of research of topics, including process-oriented studies in modern systems, the ancient rock record, experiments, computer simulations, and high-resolution microscopy and spectroscopy techniques. We intend to reach a wide community of researchers sharing the common goal of improving our understanding of the fundamental processes underlying mineral formation, which is essential to read our Earth’s geological archive.

Co-organized by BG1/GMPV5
Convener: Patrick Meister | Co-conveners: Silvia Frisia, Stephen Lokier, Chelsea PedersonECSECS, Sally Potter-McIntyre
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
From minerals to the dynamics of Earth's interior: linking crystal chemistry, rheology and geodynamics across the scales

The dynamics and evolution of Earth’s interior are controlled by a spectrum of processes covering a wide range of length (i.e. from kilometers down toa few ångströms) and time scales (i.e. from billions of years down to picoseconds). Key planetary processes as plate tectonics, mantle convection, and the growth of the inner core are in many ways governed by the underlying transport properties, deformation mechanisms, and the crystal chemistry of the rock.

Coupling these multi-scale processes remains one of the fundamental challenges in the Geosciences. It requires the ability to translate physics from one scale to another (upscaling and downscaling), yet countless complexities and feed-backs play out between them. Ideally, the relationships between crystal chemistry, microstructures, and deformation mechanisms should be incorporated in models of large-scale phenomena such as shear zones, plate boundaries, and mantle convection.

In this session, we invite contributions on multi-scale geodynamics from observations, experiments, and modelling. Topics may include, but are not restricted to, atomistic simulations, solid-state deformation experiments, (micro-)structural analysis of minerals and rocks, and dynamic modelling of Earth’s interior. Ultimately, we aim to create new paths for future research concerning multi-scale dynamics of planetary interiors.

Co-organized by GMPV5
Convener: Anna GülcherECSECS | Co-conveners: Sebastian RitterbexECSECS, Jac van DrielECSECS, Patrick Cordier, John Hernlund
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 11:00–12:30 (CEST)

GMPV6 – Fluid-rock interactions and low-temperature metamorphic processes

From the nano- to the orogen-scale: metamorphism, deformation and fluid-rock interaction

Investigation of rock-forming processes in the Earth’s crust and mantle spans from the nano- to the orogen-scale and encompasses diverse techniques and approaches, including but not limited to field-based studies, petro-geochemical analysis and petrological and geodynamic modelling. All our observations in the rock record are the end-product of metamorphism, metasomatism, and deformation events that occurred during a terrane’s geological evolution. The study of metamorphic rocks is thus the key to decipher large scale and long-lasting tectonic processes, such as crustal thickening and exhumation, or the composition of geologic fluids and their role in geochemical cycling and deformation. Furthermore, reactions between fluids and rocks have a fundamental impact on many of the natural processes occurring in crustal settings, i.e. metamorphism and associated rheological weakening, localization of deformation, earthquake nucleation caused by high pressure fluid pulses and metasomatic fronts.
This session will focus on novel approaches to address key geological questions at a wide range of temporal and spatial scales using a multidisciplinary approach combining field, structural, petrological, geochemical techniques and thermodynamic simulations.

Co-organized by TS2
Convener: Francesco GiuntoliECSECS | Co-conveners: Francesca PiccoliECSECS, Richard Palin, Anne PluymakersECSECS, Paola Manzotti, Oliver Plümper, José Alberto Padrón-Navarta, Esther Schwarzenbach
vPICO presentations
| Tue, 27 Apr, 13:30–17:00 (CEST)
Faults and fractures in rocks : mechanics, occurrence, dating, stress history and fluid flow

Fractures and faults are common tectonic features within shallowly deformed rocks. Fracture networks play a fundamental role in fluid migration. Understanding the mechanical and chronological development of fracture networks is therefore key for tectonic studies as well as for resources exploration and waste repositories studies.

This session aims at bringing together scientists working in the field, in the lab, and on simulations to foster discussion towards improving our understanding of (1) the mechanics, occurrence, timing and stress history of fractures in upper crustal rocks, and (2) the role fracture networks play on subsurface fluid flow. We welcome contributions from all fields, including structural geology, mechanics, isotope geochemistry, and hydrogeology that aim at comprehending the development of fracture systems in time and space and their co-evolution with fluid flow in a variety of geological settings.

Co-organized by GMPV6
Convener: Olivier Lacombe | Co-conveners: Tavani stefano, Juliette Lamarche, Fabrizio Agosta, Fabrizio Balsamo
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 11:00–12:30 (CEST), 13:30–15:00 (CEST)
HS8.1.5 EDI
Reactive transport, mineral dissolution and precipitation in fractured and porous rock: experiments, models and field observations

Dissolution, precipitation and chemical reactions between infiltrating fluid and rock matrix alter the composition and structure of the rock, either creating or destroying flow paths. Strong, nonlinear couplings between the chemical reactions at mineral surfaces and fluid motion in the pores often leads to the formation of intricate patterns: networks of caves and sinkholes in karst area, wormholes induced by the acidization of petroleum wells, porous channels created during the ascent of magma through peridotite rocks. Dissolution and precipitation processes are also relevant in many industrial applications: dissolution of carbonate rocks by CO2-saturated water can reduce the efficiency of CO2 sequestration, mineral scaling reduces the effectiveness of heat extraction from thermal reservoirs, acid rain degrades carbonate-stone monuments and building materials.

With the advent of modern experimental techniques, these processes can now be studied at the microscale, with a direct visualization of the evolving pore geometry. On the other hand, the increase of computational power and algorithmic improvements now make it possible to simulate laboratory-scale flows while still resolving the flow and transport processes at the pore-scale.

We invite contributions that seek a deeper understanding of reactive flow processes through interdisciplinary work combining experiments or field observations with theoretical or computational modeling. We seek submissions covering a wide range of spatial and temporal scales: from table-top experiments and pore-scale numerical models to the hydrological and geomorphological modelling at the field scale. We also invite contributions from related fields, including the processes involving coupling of the flow with phase transitions (evaporation, sublimation, melting and solidification).

Co-organized by ERE6/GM3/GMPV6
Convener: Linda Luquot | Co-conveners: Sylvain Courrech du Pont, Piotr Szymczak
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 09:00–10:30 (CEST)

GMPV7 – High-temperature metamorphism and orogenesis

Metamorphic minerals: the building blocks of geological paradigms

Metamorphic minerals are silent witnesses to tectonic processes, and their changes through geological time. New approaches in chemical and isotope micro-analysis, geochronology provide exciting new avenues to make these minerals 'talk'—to read their record of deformation, reaction and fluid flow, and use it to study our dynamic lithosphere. The insights obtained through such research provide ways to examine the foundations of long-standing concepts in petrology and tectonics, as well as challenge and shift paradigms in these fields.

This session will highlight integrated metamorphic petrology, with application to tectonics and development of collisional orogens, cratons and subduction zones. We welcome contributions, from petrology, (petro-)chronology, to trace-element and isotope geochemistry. Through these diverse insights, the session will provide an exciting overview of current research on metamorphic and metasomatic processes, as well as the avenues for future innovation.

Invited speakers: Freya George (Johns Hopkins University), Emily Peterman (Bowdoin College)

Co-organized by GD7/TS7
Convener: Matthijs Smit | Co-conveners: Tom Raimondo, Daniela Rubatto, Lucie Tajcmanova
vPICO presentations
| Tue, 27 Apr, 09:00–12:30 (CEST)
Deformation mechanisms and microstructures

Deformation microstructures (e.g. fabrics, textures, grain sizes, shapes, cracks etc) give insight into the conditions and processes of brittle failure and ductile flow of geomaterials. Microstructures and textures are a key tool in unraveling deformation histories and processes, kinematics and conditions in deformed rocks or ice. Processes such as grain-size reduction, phase changes, and development of crystallographic preferred orientations modify the rheological, elastic, and thermal properties of these rocks, providing key information on the evolution and dynamics of the litho- and cryosphere. In this session, we invite contributions based on microstructure and texture analysis from field observations, laboratory experiments, and numerical modelling that aim to constrain deformation mechanisms, physical and mechanical properties of geomaterials using well established or novel techniques.

Co-organized by CR5/EMRP1/GMPV7
Convener: Amicia LeeECSECS | Co-conveners: Rüdiger Kilian, Renée Heilbronner, Damien FreitasECSECS, John BedfordECSECS, John Wheeler
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 09:00–12:30 (CEST), 13:30–15:00 (CEST)
TS10.1 EDI
Isotopic dating of deformation

Rock deformation continuously rearranges the Earth’s shape. It modifies solid, preexisting rock textures, often in a destructive manner. It can manifest itself in a diversity of ways, ranging from homogeneously distributed to relatively localized. Fluid infiltration and mineral reactions usually accompany/trigger deformation. Dating deformation and its duration is a challenging endeavor, which requires geochemical, petrologic, microstructural and structural characterization in addition to mass spectrometric isotope measurements. In this context, division into pre-, syn-, and post-kinematic mineral growth as well as petrochronological classification is required for a reliable age interpretation.

In this session, we warmly welcome studies that characterize deformation in detail from micro- to macroscopic scale prior to isotopic dating. We would like to discuss innovation, suitability and limitation of the applied method particularly dating deformation rather than metamorphism. We are interested in discussing the significance of the analytical vs. systematic errors in the light of technical improvements enabling analyses of tiny (high spatial resolution) but distinctly different (microtexture) targets with high precision geochronology. Dating of unconventional minerals, systematic sampling/dating strategies of deformed and host rocks and additional geochemical analyses are examples of promising approaches to directly date deformation.

Co-organized by GMPV7
Convener: Susanne SchneiderECSECS | Co-conveners: Matthias Konrad-Schmolke, Igor M Villa, Christoph von Hagke
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 13:30–15:00 (CEST)
Long-term rheology , heat budget and dynamic permeability of deforming and reacting rocks: from laboratory to geological scales

The goal of this session is to reconcile short-time/small-scale and long-time/large-scale observations, including geodynamic processes such as subduction, collision, rifting or mantle lithosphere interactions. Despite the remarkable advances in experimental rock mechanics, the implications of rock-mechanics data for large temporal and spatial scale tectonic processes are still not straightforward, since the latter are strongly controlled by local lithological stratification of the lithosphere, its thermal structure, fluid content, tectonic heritage, metamorphic reactions and deformation rates.

Mineral reactions have mechanical effects that may result in the development of pressure variations and thus are critical for interpreting microstructural and mineral composition observations. Such effects may fundamentally influence element transport properties and rheological behavior.
Here, we encourage presentations focused on the interplay between metamorphic processes and deformation on all scales, on the rheological behavior of crustal and mantle rocks and time scales of metamorphic reactions in order to discuss
(1) how and when up to GPa-level differential stress and pressure variations can be built and maintained at geological timescales and modelling of such systems,
(2) deviations from lithostatic pressure during metamorphism: fact or fiction?,
(3) the impact of deviations from lithostatic pressure on geodynamic reconstructions.
(4) the effect of porous fluid and partial melting on the long-term strength.
We therefore invite the researchers from different domains (rock mechanics, petrographic observations, geodynamic and thermo-mechanical modelling) to share their views on the way forward for improving our knowledge of the long-term rheology and chemo-thermo-mechanical behavior of the lithosphere and mantle.

Co-organized by EMRP1/GMPV7/TS2
Convener: Yury Podladchikov | Co-conveners: Shun-ichiro Karato, Evangelos Moulas, Magdalena Scheck-Wenderoth, Lucie Tajcmanova
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 09:00–10:30 (CEST)

GMPV8 – Advances in igneous petrology

The Dynamics of Magmatic Plumbing Systems

Magmatic processes occurring at depth within magmatic plumbing systems are complex and play a fundamental role in controlling the tempo and style of volcanic activity, the formation of cumulate rocks and the generation of orthomagmatic and magmatic-hydrothermal ore deposits. To unravel the complexity and temporal evolution of magmatic plumbing systems a multidisciplinary approach is necessary. This session aims to bring together scientists working on the understanding of the structural, chemical and temporal evolution of magmatic systems using, for example, fieldwork, petrology, geochemistry, geophysics, geodesy, experiments or numerical modelling to diffuse the boundaries between disciplines and lead to a comprehensive understanding of the inner workings of Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems (VIPS).

This session is sponsored by the IAVCEI Commission on Volcanic and Igneous Plumbing Systems.

Co-organized by EMRP1/NH2, co-sponsored by AGU and IAVCEI
Convener: Catherine Annen | Co-conveners: Johan Lissenberg, Catherine BoothECSECS, Emma ChambersECSECS, Deepak GargECSECS, Chiara P Montagna, Olivier Namur, Gregor WeberECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 09:00–12:30 (CEST)

GMPV9 – Volcanic processes and volcano monitoring

Multi-disciplinary volcano monitoring and imaging with networks

Over the past few years, major technological advances allowed to significantly increase both the spatial coverage and frequency bandwidth of multi-disciplinary observations at active volcanoes. Networks of instruments for the quantitative measurement of many parameters now permit an unprecedented, multi-parameter vision of the surface manifestations of mass transport beneath volcanoes. Furthermore, new models and processing techniques have led to innovative paradigms for inverting observational data to image the structures and interpret the dynamics of volcanoes. Within this context, this session aims at bringing together a multidisciplinary audience to discuss the most recent innovations in volcano imaging and monitoring, and to present observations, methods and models that increase our understanding of volcanic processes. New attention has recently been paid to quiescent volcanoes since multidisciplinary investigations showed that magma accumulation at depth can contribute to degassing of volatiles for a long time after the last activity, highlighting the risk of reactivation after a long phase of inactivity. Furthermore, mantle degassing and magma accumulation in continental regions far from volcanism might play an active role in seismicity.
We welcome contributions (1) related to methodological and instrumental advances in geophysical, geological and geochemical imaging of volcanoes, and (2) to explore new knowledge provided by these studies on the internal structure and physical processes of volcanic systems.
We invite contributors from all geophysical, geological and geochemical disciplines such as seismology, electromagnetics, geoelectrics, gravimetry, magnetics, muon tomography, volatile measurements and analysis; from in-situ monitoring networks to high resolution remote sensing and innovative processing methods, applied to volcanic systems ranging from near-surface hydrothermal activity to magmatic processes at depth. We hope in this way to highlight the scientific advances available through the combination of these complementary research areas and to encourage future collaborative efforts.

Co-organized by NH2/SM6
Convener: Jurgen Neuberg | Co-conveners: Antonio Caracausi, Luca De Siena, Emilie Roulleau, Thomas R. Walter, Rachel WhittyECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 13:30–17:00 (CEST)
Long-term observation of volcanic degassing: methods, findings and challenges

Volcanic degassing plays a central role in the dynamics of volcanic activity, both during and between eruptions. In order to understand longer-term trends and to detect transitions in the style of volcanic activity it is necessary to sustain permanent monitoring of the composition and flux of different volcanic gases over several years. Only during the last few decades has this task been attainable due to the implementation of a growing suite of instrument networks or global observing systems around volcanoes, for example through in-situ or remote sensing techniques around volcanoes or by space-based sensors. The aim of this session is to gather contributions from long term (>1year) instrumental records of volcanic degassing that show unique information that can only be obtained by long-term observation of volcanic emissions. This includes presentations of technological advancements with proven capabilities for long-term operation, as well as findings obtained from these records, which are relevant for understanding volcanic activity or to assess the impact of emissions on the environment, or to quantify global geochemical cycles of volcanogenic species. We also welcome discussions regarding challenges posed by long-term monitoring of volcanic emissions.

Convener: Silvana Hidalgo | Co-conveners: Santiago ArellanoECSECS, Christoph Kern, Agnes Mazot, Sebastien Valade
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
Volcano-glacier interactions: Arctic, Antarctic, and globally

Glaciers and volcanoes interact in a number of ways, including instances where volcanic/geothermal activity alters glacier dynamics or mass balance, via subglacial eruptions or the deposition of supraglacial tephra. Glaciers can also impact volcanism, for example by directly influencing mechanisms of individual eruptions resulting in the construction of distinct edifices. Glaciers may also influence patterns of eruptive activity when mass balance changes adjust the load on volcanic systems, the water resources and hydrothermal systems. However, because of the remoteness of many glacio-volcanic environments, these interactions remain poorly understood.
In these complex settings, hazards associated with glacier-volcano interaction can vary from lava flows to volcanic ash, lahars, landslides, pyroclastic flows or glacial outburst floods. These can happen consecutively or simultaneously and affect not only the earth, but also glaciers, rivers and the atmosphere. As accumulating, melting, ripping or drifting glaciers generate signals as well as degassing, inflating/ deflating or erupting volcanoes, the challenge is to study, understand and ultimately discriminate these potentially coexisting signals. We wish to fully include geophysical observations of current and recent events with geological observations and interpretations of deposits of past events. Glaciovolcanoes also often preserve a unique record of the glacial or non-glacial eruptive environment that is capable of significantly advancing our knowledge of how Earth's climate system evolves.
We invite contributions that deal with the mitigation of the hazards associated with ice-covered volcanoes in the Arctic, Antarctic or globally, that improve the understanding of signals generated by ice-covered volcanoes, or studies focused on volcanic impacts on glaciers and vice versa. Research on recent activity is especially welcomed. This includes geological observations e.g. of deposits in the field or remote-sensing data, together with experimental and modelling approaches. We also invite contributions from any part of the world on past activity, glaciovolcanic deposits and studies that address climate and environmental change through glaciovolcanic studies. We aim to bring together scientists from volcanology, glaciology, seismology, geodesy, hydrology, geomorphology and atmospheric science in order to enable a broad discussion and interaction.

Co-organized by CR5/GM9/NH2, co-sponsored by IAVCEI
Convener: Eva EiblECSECS | Co-conveners: Iestyn Barr, Adelina GeyerECSECS, gioachino robertiECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 11:45–12:30 (CEST)
Volcanic processes: tectonics, deformation, geodesy, unrest

The session deals with the documentation and modelling of the tectonic, deformation and geodetic features of any type of volcanic area, on Earth and in the Solar System. The focus is on advancing our understanding on any type of deformation of active and non-active volcanoes, on the associated behaviours, and the implications for hazards. We welcome contributions based on results from fieldwork, remote-sensing studies, geodetic and geophysical measurements, analytical, analogue and numerical simulations, and laboratory studies of volcanic rocks.
Studies may be focused at the regional scale, investigating the tectonic setting responsible for and controlling volcanic activity, both along divergent and convergent plate boundaries, as well in intraplate settings. At a more local scale, all types of surface deformation in volcanic areas are of interest, such as elastic inflation and deflation, or anelastic processes, including caldera and flank collapses. Deeper, sub-volcanic deformation studies, concerning the emplacement of intrusions, as sills, dikes and laccoliths, are most welcome.
We also particularly welcome geophysical data aimed at understanding magmatic processes during volcano unrest. These include geodetic studies obtained mainly through GPS and InSAR, as well as at their modelling to imagine sources.

The session includes, but is not restricted to, the following topics:
• volcanism and regional tectonics;
• formation of magma chambers, laccoliths, and other intrusions;
• dyke and sill propagation, emplacement, and arrest;
• earthquakes and eruptions;
• caldera collapse, resurgence, and unrest;
• flank collapse;
• volcano deformation monitoring;
• volcano deformation and hazard mitigation;
• volcano unrest;
• mechanical properties of rocks in volcanic areas.

Co-organized by G3/NH2/TS11
Convener: Valerio Acocella | Co-conveners: Agust Gudmundsson, Michael Heap, Sigurjon Jonsson, Virginie Pinel
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 11:45–17:00 (CEST)
Magma ascent, degassing and eruptive dynamics: linking experiments, models and observations

Interaction between the different phases (exsolved and dissolved volatiles, liquid melt, crystals, and pyroclasts) that separate during magma evolution, ascent and storage as a result of interlinked fluid, thermodynamic and chemical processes have a dramatic influence on eruption dynamics, resulting in a plethora of explosive eruptions types.
On one side, constraining volatile budget in magmas and quantifying degassing processes is a fundamental task to better understand the role of volatile elements on eruption dynamics. On the other side, the complex shallow plumbing system dynamics produces seismic and acoustic events, ground deformation and changes in the hydrothermal system often preceding or follow the explosive activity and direct field observations can constrain individual eruptive processes.
For this reason, the session aims at gathering field observation and experimental and modeling studies on eruptive processes to unlock the complex dynamics of volcanic activity. We hereby invite contributions focusing on (but not restricted to) volatiles in magmas, crystallization dynamics, effusive/explosive transition, rheology of gas-liquid-solid mixtures, fragmentation processes.
Further, we like to stimulate discussion on how multidisciplinary approaches can be used to advance the interpretation of geochemical and petrological observations on magmatic products and more specifically on the quantification of disequilibria processes during volcanic eruptions.

Convener: Mattia de’ Michieli Vitturi | Co-conveners: Amelia BainECSECS, Mike Burton, Andrea Di Muro, Giuseppe La SpinaECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 09:00–10:30 (CEST)
Earthquake swarms and complex seismic sequences driven by transient forcing in tectonic and volcanic regions

Earthquake swarms are characterized by a complex temporal evolution and a delayed occurrence of the largest magnitude event. In addition, seismicity often manifests with intense foreshock activity or develops in more complex sequences where doublets or triplets of large comparable magnitude earthquakes occur. The difference between earthquake swarms and these complex sequences is subtle and usually flagged as such only a posteriori. This complexity derives from aseismic transient forcing acting on top of the long-term tectonic loading: pressurization of crustal fluids, slow-slip and creeping events, and at volcanoes, magmatic processes (i.e. dike and sill intrusions or magma degassing). From an observational standpoint, these complex sequences in volcanic and tectonic regions share many similarities: seismicity rate fluctuations, earthquakes migration, and activation of large seismogenic volume despite the usual small seismic moment released. The underlying mechanisms are local increases of the pore-pressure, loading/stressing rate due to aseismic processes (creeping, slow slip events), magma-induced stress changes, earthquake-earthquake interaction via static stress transfer or a combination of those. Yet, the physics behind such processes and the ultimate reasons for the occurrence of swarm-like rather than mainshock-aftershocks sequences, is still far beyond a full understanding.

This session aims at putting together studies of swarms and complex seismic sequences driven by aseismic transients in order to enhance our insights on the physics of such processes. Contributions focusing on the characterization of these sequences in terms of spatial and temporal evolution, scaling properties, and insight on the triggering physical processes are welcome. Multidisciplinary studies using observation complementary to seismological data, such as fluid geochemistry, deformation, and geology are also welcome, as well as laboratory and numerical modeling simulating the mechanical condition yielding to swarm-like and complex seismic sequences.

Co-organized by GMPV9/NH4/TS4
Convener: Luigi Passarelli | Co-conveners: Simone Cesca, Federica LanzaECSECS, Francesco Maccaferri, Maria MesimeriECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 14:15–17:00 (CEST)
Volcano-sedimentary processes in broader geological environments

Volcanoes are inherently complex and dynamic geological systems, acting as the source of diverse sediment types and as a control on varied sediment transport processes within surrounding environments, both during and after their life. This can manifest as an accumulation of thick primary volcaniclastic sequences from pyroclastic (e.g. pyroclastic density currents, tephra falls), laharic and flank instability processes, secondary volcaniclastic sequences from the reworking/redeposition (or both) of primary deposits and their interaction with non-volcanic sedimentary processes, or deposits from the weathering of lava flows. The diversity of processes that may be involved in the generation of volcaniclastic sequences makes often difficult to describe and interpret them. As the comprehension of the generation, transportation and accumulation mechanisms of volcaniclastic sequences is of extreme importance for natural hazard and economic perspectives, to reduce uncertainties and move forward in the identification of volcano-sedimentary processes and potential effects, modern and ancient volcaniclastic sequences must be studied and interpreted hand in hand. Thus, the proposed session aims to bring together studies that explore the volcaniclastic record of modern and ancient environments. Contributions are welcomed in areas including, but not limited to, the identification of volcanic features in ancient sedimentary records, multidisciplinary (e.g., stratigraphic, petrographic, geophysical) approaches to the study of modern subaerial and submarine volcaniclastic sequences as analogue sites, and examples of the modification of sedimentary systems across syn- and inter-eruptive periods.

Co-organized by GMPV9, co-sponsored by IAS and IAVCEI-CVS
Convener: Andrea Di CapuaECSECS | Co-conveners: Rosanna De Rosa, Gabor KereszturiECSECS, Elodie Lebas, Emilia Le Pera
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 13:30–14:15 (CEST)
Remote sensing for environmental monitoring

Remote sensing measurements, acquired using different platforms - ground, UAV, aircraft and satellite - have increasingly become rapidly developing technologies to study and monitor Earth surface, to perform comprehensive analysis and modeling, with the final goal of supporting decision systems for ecosystem management. The spectral, spatial and temporal resolutions of remote sensors have been continuously improving, making environmental remote sensing more accurate and comprehensive than ever before. Such progress enables understanding multiscale aspects of high-risk natural phenomena and development of multi-platform and inter-disciplinary surveillance monitoring tools. The session welcomes contributions focusing on present and future perspectives in environmental remote sensing, from multispectral/hyperspectral optical and thermal sensors. Applications are encouraged to cover, but not limited to, the monitoring and characterization of environmental changes and natural hazards from volcanic and seismic processes, landslides, and soil science. Specifically, we are looking for novel solutions and approaches including the topics as follows: (i) state-of-the-art techniques focusing on novel quantitative methods; (ii) new applications for state-of-the-art sensors, including UAVs and other close-range systems; (iii) techniques for multiplatform data fusion.

Co-organized by ESSI1/GMPV9/NH6
Convener: Annalisa CappelloECSECS | Co-conveners: Sabine Chabrillat, Gaetana Ganci, Gabor KereszturiECSECS, Veronika Kopackova
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 11:00–12:30 (CEST), 13:30–14:15 (CEST)

GMPV10 – Living with volcanoes: hazards, resources and risk mitigation

Volcano hazard modelling

Developing physical-mathematical models able to describe the evolution of eruptive phenomena is a key point in volcanology. In the case of high-risk phenomena, such as lava flows or ash dispersal, predicting their spatial and temporal evolution and determining the potentially affected areas is fundamental in supporting every action directed at mitigating the risk as well as for environmental planning. This session aims to address unresolved challenging questions related to complex geophysical flow modeling and simulation, gathering physical-mathematical models, numerical methods and field and satellite data analysis in order to: (i) expand knowledge of complex volcanic processes and their space-time dynamics; (ii) monitor and model volcanic phenomena; (iii) evaluate model robustness through validation against real case studies, analytical solutions and laboratory experiments; (iv) quantify the uncertainty propagation through both forward (sensitivity analyses) and inverse (optimization/calibration) modelling in all components of volcanic hazard modelling in response to eruptive crises.

Co-organized by NH2
Convener: Gaetana Ganci | Co-conveners: Annalisa CappelloECSECS, Alexis Herault, Vito Zago
vPICO presentations
| Fri, 30 Apr, 09:00–10:30 (CEST)
Mass Extinctions, Volcanism, Impacts and Extreme Environmental Changes

This session will investigate how massive volcanism and meteorite impacts may cause mass extinctions and global environmental changes. We hope to bring together researchers from the geological, geophysical, and biological disciplines to present new and exciting results, and encourage interdisciplinary and modelling studies. The session will focus on the five major Phanerozoic crises (end-Ordovician, end-Devonian, end-Permian, end-Triassic, end-Cretaceous) and other related paleoenvironmental crises (e.g. Anthropocene, the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) and Oceanic Anoxic Events (OEAs) in the Mesozoic).

Public information:
SSP networking events are scheduled as follows:

1) SSP & OS networking event for Early-Career Scientist members: Tuesday 20 April, 12:30–13:30 (CEST)
2) SSP-networking event for all division members: Tuesday 20 April, 17:00–18:00 (CEST)

These events are perfect opportunities to enjoy a discussion with your friends and colleagues stratigraphers, sedimentologists and paleontologists. Please feel free to join !
Co-organized by GMPV10
Convener: Alicia FantasiaECSECS | Co-conveners: Thierry Adatte, David Bond, Sverre Planke, Nicolas Thibault
vPICO presentations
| Tue, 27 Apr, 09:00–12:30 (CEST)

GMPV11 – Interdisciplinary studies with a regional focus

Central Asian Tectonics - Pamir, Tian Shan and Tibet from Paleozoic to Present

The mountain ranges of the Pamir, Tian Shan, and the Himalaya-Tibetan orogen form the most prominent morphological features in central Asia. Much of this morphology results from uplift related to the Cenozoic India-Asia collision. However, this is built upon a complex pre-Cenozoic history of ocean closures (Proto- and Paleo-Tethys, Paleo-Asian), terrane accretions and the related reorganization of Asia's southern margin. This long-lasting history of consecutive accretionary events left behind a complex mosaic of high- and low-strain domains, magmatic arcs, allochthonous blocks (terranes) and intervening suture zones. A significant challenge is to correlate and date those domains, which are often used as large-scale structural markers for quantifying large structural offsets. Quantifying pre-collisional topography and crustal thickness is crucial. Both the pre-Cenozoic history and the timing and kinematics of young deformation must be well-constrained in order to reconstruct the orogenic evolution in time and space and to understand how pre-existing structures influenced Cenozoic deformation. To promote discussion on this topic, we invite contributions from geoscientists who are working on various aspects of the geologic evolution of Central Asia, including structural geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, detrital studies, as well as geophysical or modeling studies.

Co-organized by GD6/GM9/GMPV11/SSP2
Convener: Johannes RembeECSECS | Co-conveners: Jonas Kley, Yani Najman, Ed Sobel, Rasmus Thiede
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 11:00–12:30 (CEST)
A multidisciplinary perspective on past to present volcanism and volcanic hazards (merged session)

Volcanic hazards and risk lie at the heart of global geoscience, with about 800 million people threatened by eruptions and other related phenomena. Volcanoes strongly affect humans and the environment through submarine explosions, tephra fallout, pyroclastic flows, earthquakes, tsunamis, and ocean acidification. Evaluation of the impact of volcanic activity on a given region mostly relies on the reconstruction of the eruptive history of volcanoes through the identification, correlation and dating of tephra layers preserved in terrestrial and marine depositional records. In addition, more recent interdisciplinary studies are being used to deepen our understanding of the formation and destruction of volcanoes and the accompanying mass transport processes, as they might significantly contribute to the volcanic hazard assessment. This session will focus on different approaches for reconstructing the history, processes, and evolution of volcanic regions. We invite contributions from all related scientific fields to derive a more comprehensive perspective on the past and present impact of volcanic eruptions, and their potential impacts on the environment and surrounding populations.

Public information:
Please keep the cameras on. If you only have a microphone with no contact to the audience, it's no fun to present.
Also: Just like during the previous In Presence meetings, most of the participants have a tight schedule. Please keep strictly to the 2 or 5 minute limit!
Co-organized by GM9/GMPV11
Convener: Christian Huebscher | Co-conveners: Francesca ForniECSECS, Paul Albert, Tim Druitt, Steffen EiseleECSECS, Britta Jensen, Paraskevi Nomikou, Jonas PreineECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 09:00–10:30 (CEST)
TS7.11 EDI
The Caledonian orogen of the North Atlantic region: a natural laboratory for studying tectonic processes

The Caledonian mountain belt represents a world-class example of a deeply denudated Himalayan-style orogen. The exposed crustal sections allow the study of all stages of the Wilson cycle and may contribute to our understanding of many fundamental processes in Earth Sciences, including (1) continental-rifting, break-up and ocean formation, (2) subduction, (3) marginal basin formation, (4) arc-continent and continental collisions, (5) (U)HP metamorphism, (6) orogenic wedge formation and dynamics, (7) the formation and evolution of crustal-scale shear zones, (8) fluid-rock interactions, (9) ductile and brittle deformation mechanisms, and (10) the dynamics of late- to post-orogenic extension and deep crustal exhumation.

This session aims to bring together scientists studying rocks and geological processes from all stages of the Caledonian Wilson cycle, i.e. from rifting to collision and post-orogenic extension, and welcomes sedimentological, petrological, geochemical, geochronological, geophysical, structural, and modelling contributions that help to improve our understanding of the Caledonides and mountain belts in general.

Co-organized by GMPV11
Convener: Jaroslaw Majka | Co-conveners: Deta Gasser, Johannes Jakob, Holger Stunitz
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
TS7.10 EDI
A trans-disciplinary view of the Tethyan realm through space and time: subduction and collisional zones from the Mediterranean to southeast Asia

The Tethyan orogenic belt is one of the largest and most prominent collisional zones on Earth. The belt ranges from the Mediterranean in the west to Papua New Guinea in the east. It results from the subduction and closure of multiple basins of the Tethys Ocean and the subsequent collision of the African, Arabian and Indian continental plates with Eurasia. Its long-lasting geological record of the opening and closure of oceanic basins, the accretion of arcs and microcontinents, the complex interactions of major and smaller plates, and the presence of subduction zones at different evolutionary stages, has progressively grown as a comprehensive test site to investigate fundamental plate tectonics and geodynamic processes with multiple disciplines. Advances in a variety of fields provide a rich and growing set of constraints on the crust-lithosphere and mantle structure and their physical and chemical characteristics, as well as the tectonics and geodynamic evolution of the Tethyan orogenic belt.

We welcome contributions presenting new insights and observations derived from different perspectives, including geology (tectonics, stratigraphy, petrology, geochronology, geochemistry, and geomorphology), geophysics (seismicity, seismic imaging, seismic anisotropy, gravity), geodesy (GPS, InSAR), modelling (numerical and analogue), natural hazards (earthquakes, volcanism). In particular, we encourage the submission of trans-disciplinary studies, which integrate observations across a range of spatial and temporal scales to further our understanding of plate tectonics as a planetary process of fundamental importance.

Co-organized by GD6/GMPV11/SM1
Convener: Derya Gürer | Co-conveners: Ágnes KirályECSECS, Marc Hässig, Andrew ParsonsECSECS, Claudia Piromallo, Oğuz H Göğüş, Georg Löwe, Sonia YeungECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Thu, 29 Apr, 13:30–17:00 (CEST)
Geological, tectonic and paleogeographic history of the Polar Regions: Insights from the Arctic and West Antarctica

The polar regions of the Arctic and Antarctica face a similar problem with most areas covered by ice and/or sea water. But both polar regions attract international attention due to the ongoing climate change. While the Arctic realm hosts vast extended continental shelves bordering old land masses, one of the largest submarine Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) -the Alpha-Mendeleev Ridge - of Mesozoic age, and the slowest mid-ocean spreading ridge (the Gakkel Ridge) on the globe; West Antarctica has been, tectonically, the active margin between the cratonic East Antarctica and the Pacific Ocean for ~500 Ma, recording several episodes of magmatism, fragmentation and continental growth. Both regions have a complex geological history and comprise crustal blocks of disparate tectonic origins. In this regard, applied and theoretical research in sedimentology, tectonics, geophysics, and geochemistry to investigate the tectonic evolution and dynamics of the polar regions is desired. This session provides a forum for discussions of a variety of problems linked to the Circum-Arctic geodynamics as well as evolution of West Antarctica, and aims to bring together a diversity of sub-disciplines including plate tectonics, mantle tomography, seismology, geodynamic modelling, igneous and structural geology, geophysical imaging, sedimentology, and geochemistry.

Co-organized by CL4/GMPV11
Convener: Rebekka SteffenECSECS | Co-conveners: Owen Anfinson, Joaquin BastiasECSECS, Paula Castillo, Karolina KośmińskaECSECS, Teal R, Riley, Grace E. ShephardECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Mon, 26 Apr, 15:30–17:00 (CEST)
Permo-Triassic geodynamics at the Gondwana-Laurasia boundary: interplay between magmatism and tectonics

The Gondwana-Laurasia boundary was subjected to a complex geodynamic evolution between Late Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic, typified by multiple magmatic cycles developed under different tectonic and thermal regimes. A variety of mantle sources was involved in these tectonic, magmatic and metamorphic events, which induced significant modifications of the continental crust.
In the last decade, detailed studies in petrology, tectonics and stratigraphy have contributed on shedding light on the articulated evolution of this area, stimulating an intense debate about the overall Permo-Triassic geodynamic framework.
A multidisciplinary session is proposed to assess and discuss the recent advancements that contribute to draw an accurate geodynamic picture of this pivotal sector of the Pangea realm in the time span between the Variscan orogeny and the Late Triassic onset of rifting in the Central Atlantic-Alpine Tethys domain. Researches from a broad range of disciplines, such as (but not limited to) petrology/geochemistry, tectonics, geochronology, stratigraphy and basin analysis, are welcome.

Co-organized by GMPV11/TS1
Convener: Federico CasettaECSECS | Co-conveners: Zanetti Alberto, Peter Brack, Piero Gianolla, Benoît PetriECSECS
vPICO presentations
| Wed, 28 Apr, 11:45–12:30 (CEST)