Side Events
Disciplinary sessions
Inter- and Transdisciplinary Sessions

Session programme


EOS – Education and Outreach Sessions

EOS1 – Geoscience Information for Teachers (GIFT) Workshop 2020


Part of the GIFT programme for school teachers.

Convener: Chris King | Co-convener: Friedrich Barnikel

Part of the GIFT workshop

Convener: Jean Luc Berenguer | Co-convener: Francesca Cifelli
EOS1.3 | Posters only

Part of the GIFT workshop

Convener: Eve Arnold | Co-convener: Steve Macko

EOS2 – Higher education teaching


Structural geology and tectonics are two of the most visual subjects in geosciences, and lectures on the subjects form the core of curricula at geology departments at universities around the world. New teaching styles and technologies have found their way into class room and field courses focusing on Structural geology and tectonic, such as Blackboard LEARN, flipped class rooms, classroom response systems, digital mapping on tablets, the use of drones, and virtual outcrops. We invite researchers and lecturers to present their original and innovative ideas, strategies and tools regarding teaching Structural Geology and Tectonics. Co-organized with TS.

Convener: Hans de Bresser | Co-conveners: Florian Fusseis, Janos Urai

Everybody has a different teaching style and uses different tools or techniques to make their course the best. Why not show your best examples from your teaching portfolio and inspire your colleagues how to improve their teaching style?

Teaching at universities is experiencing far-reaching changes including aspects like online education, virtual learning environment, apps and gamification, as well as novel approaches in a classic-style education like student-centered learning vs. the role of the teacher, problem-based methodologies, flipped classroom and many more. The large amounts of available teaching tools, techniques and opportunities can be overwhelming and we need a sense of what techniques are valuable and how they can be used effectively.

This PICO session aims to inspire and to stimulate the discussion about the way we teach in the field of sedimentology/geomorphology by gathering examples of innovative teaching units. A teaching unit consists of one or multiple lessons, a field-course, excursion, etc., as long as it discusses a unifying theme. The teaching unit should be innovative in the way novel techniques are used or how the unit is taught in order to improve content delivery, assessment, how students are actively involved, how it fosters their extracurricular skills like critical thinking, working in teams and the ability to solve problems.

Convener: Adrian Gilli | Co-conveners: Stephen Lokier, Chatherine Russell

Citizen science (the involvement of the public in scientific processes) is gaining momentum in one discipline after another, thereby more and more data on biodiversity, earthquakes, weather, climate, health issues among others are being collected at different scales that can extend the frontiers of knowledge. Successful citizen observatories can potentially be scaled up in order to contribute to larger environmental and policy strategies and actions (such as the European Earth Observation monitoring systems) and to be integrated in GEOSS and Copernicus. Making credible contributions to science can empower citizens to actively participate in environmental decision making and can help bridging between scientific disciplines. Often, citizen science is seen in the context of Open Science, which is a broad movement embracing Open Data, Open Access, Open Educational Resources, Open Source, Open Methodology, and Open Peer Review to transparently publish and share scientific research - thus leveraging Citizen Science and Reproducible Research.
Both, open science in general and citizen science in particular, pose great challenges for researchers, and to support the goals of the various openness initiatives, this session looks at what is possible and what is ready for application in geosciences. Success stories, failures, best practices and solutions will be presented. We aim to show how researchers, citizens, funding agencies, governments and other stakeholders can benefit from citizen science and open science, acknowledging the drawbacks and highlighting the opportunities available for geoscientists.
In this session, we are looking for successful approaches of working with citizen science and open science to bridge between the scientific desciplines in research, policy, economy, practice and society at large. Learning from others and understanding what to adopt and what to change help the participants in their own undertakings and new initiatives, so that they become future success stories.

We want to ask and find answers to the following questions:
Which approaches can be used in Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences?
What are the biggest challenges in bridging between scientific disciplines and how to overcome them?
What kind of citizen scientist involvement and open science strategies exist?
How to ensure transparency in project results and analyses?

Co-organized by EOS2/CL5/HS12/SM3
Convener: Taru SandénECSECS | Co-conveners: Lorenzo Bigagli, Daniel DörlerECSECS, Martin Hammitzsch, Florian HeiglECSECS

The session aims to bring together experiences on systematic literature searches and meta-analysis from all neighboring disciplines in earth sciences (soil science, agricultural science, hydrology, among others). We aim to create a forum where earth scientists can present their studies and discuss about the current state-of-the-art in extensive literature searching and the use of systematic mapping design, systematic review, and meta-analysis.
Through this session we would like to discuss the application of quantitative methodological approaches for retrieving general outcomes from previous studies, including use of grey literature and reports from national and international Governmental institutions, and non-governmental organizations (e.g., United Nation’s FAO, NGOs) discussions of problems and new innovations in evidence synthesis, and experiences of the application of these methods in geosciences.
The type of contributions that we would appreciate most are: advanced workflows for literature searching, systematic maps, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and intermediate results of any geoscientific issue. We welcome examples of review-generated evidence that support relating to the impact of climate change, and effectiveness of conservation and management strategies.

Co-organized by EOS2
Convener: Calogero SchillaciECSECS | Co-conveners: Pasquale Borrelli, Alessia Perego, Nicola Randall, Elena Valkama

EOS3 – Educational research in higher education and at school level


This session encourage geoscience educational researchers across Europe to submit abstracts that will inform others of the work they are doing and contribute to networking amongst educational researchers worldwide

Convener: Chris King | Co-convener: Steven Rogers

Mentoring and supervision has been shown to be a crucial key to success for PhD-students. Effective student mentoring and supervision approaches exist, but are often not well known and/or practiced. Characteristics of PhD-supervision are also globally heterogeneous, and differ extremely between disciplines. In the proposed short course, we aim to present and explain mentoring and supervision techniques typical for continental Europe, countries with Anglo-Saxon University backgrounds, US-America, and Asia. This approach has the goal to manage our expectations of students coming from different educational contexts, but also to be able to choose from techniques in order to improve our mentoring and supervision of PhD students. This course is designed for early-career researchers from a postdoctoral level onwards. We invite one experienced supervisor from each global context, who will give a successfull and critical example of PhD supervision, and characterize their own techniques.

Co-organized by EOS3/AS6/BG6/CL6/GD12/GI7/GM14/PS7/SSP5/SSS1
Convener: Annegret LarsenECSECS | Co-convener: Michael DietzeECSECS

Educational research has highlighted the limited scope of traditional schools outreach for lasting impact and/or changing the aspirations of students. Students are also largely unaware of what scientific research is / what scientists do. Opportunities for students to experience scientific research first-hand are rare globally and often suffer from no active researcher involvement. To address these issues, this short course will introduce you to a well-developed framework of researcher-supported independent research projects for schools. It has already been shown to enable underprivileged students to succeed, overwhelmingly building their confidence in science, developing skills not typically encountered within school, and having lasting impacts on their aspirations. By working closely with teachers too, it has affected teaching practice and the profile of science across these schools.

By the end of the course, you will have developed a plan to adopt this way of working and apply it to your own research area, identifying areas and opportunities available within your institution to make this as easy as possible. The course will also equip you with the tools to robustly evaluate the medium- and long-term impacts of this work. Following the course, you will have the option of joining a network of researchers and outreach / public engagement professionals who collaboratively support one another with this method of engaging with schools.

Co-organized by EOS3
Convener: Martin ArcherECSECS | Co-conveners: Heather CampbellECSECS, Olivia KeenanECSECS

EOS4 – Communication and outreach


Aim and scope
Occupying more than 20 million square kilometers, permafrost is a key landscape component of high-latitude regions and is strongly impacted by current environmental changes at different scales (from local to global). Ongoing climate warming, which is especially acute in the circumpolar North, results in a series of profound environmental impacts including permafrost thaw, costal erosion, and release of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere.
Frozen-ground landscapes have been used by various indigenous communities for settlement and hunting–fishing grounds, resulting in an extensive traditional knowledge. Moreover, infrastructure development and maintenance in the Arctic is already meeting pressing challenges for sustainability, a trend that will likely continue in the future. There is thus a need to gather experiences and expertise across disciplines about the changing arctic environment (e.g., thawing permafrost, coastal erosion, sediment and nutrient exchanges, hydrological cycling) and the impacts on local communities, as well as adaptation strategies. The aim of this session is to bring together researchers from both social and natural sciences who are involved or interested in reaching out to stakeholders and the general public, and share successful experiences. Examples from past, ongoing and future initiatives that include traditional indigenous knowledge and scientific tools and techniques are welcome. Collaborations with artists and storytellers (e.g., novels, cartoons, movies, podcasts) also represent a promising outcome for scientific results and implications.

Summary of the context and justification for the event

The session intends to bring together experienced and early career scientists for an interdisciplinary discussion that will involve natural and social scientists. The justification of the session is to fill the gap between the broad scientific community and local arctic communities that have experienced rapid and unpredictable changes of their environment. Several scientific projects in the Arctic have proven the valuable input of indigenous knowledge systems, and the latter should be fully involved in and recognized by the scientific community. Outreach and education activities about permafrost and arctic landscapes have also greatly benefited from a cross-disciplinary, holistic vision.

Convener: Terenzio zenone | Co-conveners: Frederic Bouchard, Stein Sandven, Ylva Sjöberg, Donatella zona

Games have the power to ignite imaginations and place you in someone else's shoes or situation, often forcing you into making decisions from perspectives other than your own. This makes them potentially powerful tools for communication, through use in outreach, disseminating research, in education at all levels, and as a method to train the public, practitioners and decision makers in a order to build environmental resilience. This session is a chance to share your experiences and best practice with using games to communicate geosciences, be they analogue, digital and/or serious games.

Convener: Christopher Skinner | Co-conveners: Rolf HutECSECS, Sam Illingworth, Elizabeth Lewis, Jazmin Scarlett

3D representation technology is a fast developing field, made possible by progress in computing and reflected by the gaming and video industries. Notably, 3D-printing provides a cost-effective and tactile way to illustrate research concepts, while Augmented Reality (AR) or Virtual Reality (VR) allow to grasp complex processes and geometries using common smartphones or handheld devices. Using these technologies, 3-dimensional objects and datasets are developed that are well suited for outreach, teaching and wider public engagement.

The design of 3D models of the Earth on different scales based on photogrammetry, mapping and imagery, modelling and inverse modelling is a challenging task. Before 3D data sets (physically real or virtual) can be explored in outreach activities or teaching settings, several steps have to be taken which all come with their own issues: how to export data into the objects formats used in the 3D engineering community; how to feed objects into software to allow 3D-printing; how to manipulate virtual objects easily using handheld devices.

We welcome contributions that are focused on technical aspects of real or virtual realisations, as well as their use in pedagogy, outreach or public communication of Earth Sciences research topics.

Convener: Renaud Toussaint | Co-convener: Paula Koelemeijer

Do you consider yourself a science communicator or science communication researcher? Does your research group or institution participate in public engagement activities? Have you ever evaluated, studied, or published your education, outreach or engagement efforts? Scientists and communication practitioners engage non-peer audiences through numerous pathways including websites, blogs, public lectures, media interviews, and educational and research collaborations. A considerable amount of time and money is invested in these activities and they play an important role in how different publics come to understand scientific topics, issues, and the research process. However, few opportunities and incentives exist to optimize science communication practices and to evaluate the effectiveness of different engagement approaches. This session, run at both AGU and EGU, encourages critical reflection on science communication best practices and provides an opportunity for the community of science communicators and researchers to share best practices and experiences with evaluation and research in this field.

Convener: Sam Illingworth | Co-conveners: Maria Loroño LeturiondoECSECS, Heidi Roop, Mathew Stiller-Reeve, Rosa Vicari

The plastic burden in aquatic environments is now recognised as one of the greatest threats to human and environmental health of the 21st century. However, although frequent media coverage has done much to raise awareness of the plastics problem amongst the general public there remains confusion, misconceptions and misunderstandings about the scale of the problem, the likely impacts of plastics on human and environmental health and the potential changes to plastic pollution under a changing climate. One way to increase understanding and ultimately reduce risk to both humans and the environment is by engaging the public of all ages with research into plastic pollution.

In this PICO session we invite submissions that present examples of (i) successful engagement with the public in citizen science projects that seek to collect and analyse data related to plastic pollution; (ii) successful engagement with the public during scientific research projects into plastic pollution and; (iii) critical reflections into the role of public engagement in this fast moving, globally salient environmental problem.

Convener: Annie Ockelford | Co-conveners: Joanna Bullard, Christopher HackneyECSECS

There are many scientific organizations, networks, and initiatives having their core scientists as well as scientific users spread across several countries and different home institutes. However, for them to achieve their mission, they need to create a cohesive community of these scientists. A community of people who identify with their brand, and use such brand as a platform or backdrop to communicate, exchange ideas and contribute to the network's or organization's strategic goals. A community that feels a sense of belonging, which then leads to supporting the organization’s mission. However, creating such a community mindset is not that simple. The scientists primarily feel they belong to their mother organization instead of a multinational umbrella whose name is not shown on their payslip.
This session seeks a breadth of contributions, with focus on the benefits of the community building and ways to build the community and sense of belonging, e.g. through communications, branding, event organizations, etc.

Convener: Magdalena Brus | Co-convener: Katri Ahlgren

Since last two years, the publication of the FAO report "Soil pollution: a hidden reality” has triggered debate on contaminants reaching the human chain from the use of agrochemicals in agriculture, by-products of industrial activities, household, livestock and municipal waste (including wastewater) and petroleum products. At European level, special concerned has been recently given after the results by Silva et al. (2019) on pesticide residues found in soils. This is of special relevance due to the fact that humans may be exposed to soil contaminants in various ways like for example by ingesting or consuming plants or animals that have accumulated large amounts of these contaminants; through skin exposure when using drift contaminated spaces such as parks and gardens; or inhaling soil contaminants that have been vaporized. Humans can also be affected as a result of secondary contamination of water sources and deposition of contaminants. In some situations, the soil plays an important role as a source of contaminants in these two processes.
This session aims to attract results and opinions by scientists on soil science, chemistry, human and physical geography and hydrology, risk managers, consultants, officers and regulators on soil contamination due to agricultural practices. We welcome inter- and disciplinary studies on pesticide drift, soil contamination and food security and encourage those addressing social and community challenges.
Abstracts need to make clear in one sentence in which group of topics fall
- pesticide drift,
- soil contamination,
- food security
and to specify one or more of the following subgroups
- experimental assessment,
- data and modelling,
- mitigation and or management.
During the conference, it will be discussed the possibility of organizing a special issue under the Copernicus Editorial.

Co-organized by EOS4/HS12/NH8
Convener: Glenda Garcia-Santos | Co-conveners: Anne Alix, Virginia Aparicio, Manfred Sager, Jan van de Zande

Disasters caused by natural hazards are social phenomena that transcend scientific disciplinary boundaries and political borders. International, trans-disciplinary, and multi-stakeholder collaborations are vital in advancing our understanding of the underlying drivers and impacts of disasters. Disaster-related science diplomacy (disaster diplomacy) provides opportunities to advance our understanding of disaster risk in "all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment" while simultaneously building bridges between states where relationships could otherwise be strained. Disaster diplomacy can originate within any disaster-related activity, such as prevention/mitigation, preparation, risk reduction, planning, response, recovery, and reconstruction, or their intersection. Disaster diplomacy is a multi-track diplomacy, which simultaneously might encompass official conflict resolution efforts led by governments with peer-to-peer exchanges between scientists and non-academic disaster experts, such as practitioners and local knowledge holders. Therefore, disaster diplomacy efforts could simultaneously comprise interdisciplinary research, scientific assessments, and governmental policy agendas. This session invites contributions on topics related to disaster science, international cooperation, and science diplomacy illustrating diplomacy in action and highlighting its effectiveness and current challenges at international and national levels.

Co-organized by EOS4, co-sponsored by IUGG
Convener: Alik Ismail-Zadeh | Co-convener: Yekaterina KontarECSECS

Rural and urban localities are under continued pressure to ensure vibrant, liveable and sustainable environments for their inhabitants. Citizen stewards are forging ahead with innovative small-scale initiatives to provide grass roots solutions for improving environmental and cultural resilience within these landscapes. Enterprises encompass everything from home gardening for providing habitat for native wildlife, to street art for improving visual urban aesthetics, to income diversification strategies for smallholder farmers. These initiatives are often undertaken with limited access to locally relevant environmental information to help guide decisions. In turn, government agencies face challenges with understanding the scale, scope and impact of such bottom-up initiatives in the absence of effective tools for collecting data. Recently, much exciting research has emerged through co-development initiatives between researchers and public contributors to improve communal accessibility to valuable and useable geographical data. Easy-to-use mobile applications have evolved which can provide environmental information to citizen participants to help them map, plan and monitor their enterprises. Such technological enterprises can also provide data to researchers and stakeholders on how the diversity of these spaces links with broader outcomes for human and ecological wellbeing. In this interdisciplinary session we invite research which showcases the value-add of public participation mobile [often geospatial in nature] applications for supporting improved biodiversity and/or cultural inclusivity. Case studies which demonstrate a transitioning towards improved functionality and viability of landscapes under the multitude of socio-ecological threats are welcomed. Likewise, we welcome research which contributes to our broader scientific understanding of sustainable practice within landscapes through using participatory mapping processes. This could also include critical perspectives on the limitations, challenges, ethical considerations and digital divides of using participatory approaches or techniques.

Co-organized by EOS4/GM12/SSS8
Convener: Natasha Pauli | Co-conveners: Eloise Biggs, Julia FöllmerECSECS, Billy Tusker HaworthECSECS
ITS1.2/CL5.9 | PICO

Weather and climate services involve the production, translation, transfer, and use of scientific information for decision-making. They include long term climate projections, monthly to seasonal forecasts and daily weather forecasts. They are particularly useful (i) for several climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water resources, health, energy, disaster risk reduction and (ii) in developing countries where vulnerability to climate change and weather shocks is high. This interdisciplinary session aims at showing tools, results, methodologies that could lead in fine to an operational improvement of WCS in developing countries. It focuses not only on models improvement but also on how to interact with end-users, assess WCS added value, broadcast information, avoid inequalities access, involve the private sector etc. The session will focus particularly on feedbacks and results from different case studies located in the global South.

Co-organized by EOS4/AS4/HS12/NH9
Convener: Philippe Roudier | Co-conveners: Pauline Dibi Kangah, Seyni Salack, Ibrahima Sy, Catherine Vaughan

Liaising with stakeholders and policy-makers is becoming increasingly important for scientists to turn research into impactful action. In hydrological sciences, this is needed when implementing innovative solutions in areas such as river basin management, water allocation, impact-based hydrological forecasting, flood protection, drought risk management, climate change mitigation, ecohydrology and sustainable environmental solutions, among others.

The science-policy interface is not just as a way to increase the impact of our science, but it is also a scientific subject in itself. It presents several challenges to both scientists and policy-makers. They include understanding the different steps in the policy cycle: from setting the agenda to formulating, adopting, implementing, monitoring and evaluating polices. It is also crucial to know which facts and evidences are most needed at each step, so scientists can provide the best information at the right time and in the best way.

This session provides the opportunity for discussing with policy makers and addressing the necessary skills to facilitate the uptake of science in policy formulation and implementation: how science influences policy and policies impact science? How scientists can provide easily digestible pieces of evidence to policy-makers? What are the key gaps in joining science to feasible policy solutions in the water sector? How can we use knowledge to improve policy, and vice-versa?

We invite contributions that reflect on the needs of scientists and policy makers at different levels, from local, regional to EU and international levels. Hydrologists have long contributed to produce policy briefs and provide government advice on water-related issues. This session focuses on sharing these experiences (successes or failures), case studies, narratives and best practices at different phases of the policy-making process.

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: Maria-Helena Ramos | Co-conveners: Wouter Buytaert, Jutta Thielen-del Pozo, Elena Toth, Micha Werner

Human interaction with the environment has gone through several stages of evolution. Being a product of the natural evolution of living organisms in the biosphere, Homo sapiens as a species has evolved in the geochemical conditions of the virgin biosphere. The rapid development of intellectual abilities of this genus allowed, first, to survive in adverse environmental conditions around the whole world, then, to cultivate the land, transform the entire system of biocenoses, and now to create a new habitat for man exclusively. The result was a significant geochemical transformation of the virgin biosphere, but a kind of punishment for the achieved progress was the emergence of a number of endemic diseases of a geochemical nature. Nowadays a variety of anthropogenic sources of pollution and their location in various natural geochemical conditions require not only constant monitoring of the chemical state of soil, water, air and food products, but also the development of spatially differentiated approaches to assessing the risk of provoked diseases. To solve this problem it is necessary concertedly interpreting a geochemical and medical information in order to assess the risks to human health associated with modern natural and anthropogenic geochemical features in urban and rural habitats. During session we propose to discuss:
1) global trends of health transformation in new geochemical environment of modern noosphere;
2) criteria for determining pollution level depending on environmental and geochemical constrains;
3) new approaches to assess the risk of diseases of geochemical nature in different countries;
4) the problem of mapping the risk zones, related to negative medical effects due to deficiency or excess of certain chemical elements or compounds.
Session co-sponsored by the European Association of Geochemistry.

Co-organized by EOS4/AS4/BG2/GM12/GMPV10/HS13/NH9
Convener: Elena Korobova | Co-conveners: Maria Manuela Abreu, Jaume Bech, Lyudmila KolmykovaECSECS, Michael J. Watts
EOS4.13 | PICO

Visualization is an essential tool for researchers to understand patterns, trends, and uncertainty and to draw conclusions and implications from their research. More than ever, new visualization approaches are needed to interpret the large, high-dimensional datasets that are rapidly becoming the norm in hydrology and earth sciences research. These approaches not only will help experts overcome the challenges that highly complex datasets pose to conventional methods of quantitative analysis, but they will play a key role in increasing public understanding and engagement.

This PICO session offers researchers the chance to present challenges and solutions in data visualization that have led to advances in the fields of hydrology and earth sciences. We specifically invite abstracts that present: 

- Visualizations that have helped to draw new conclusions from the data,

- Visualizations beyond the limitations of print-media (interactive plots, virtual reality),

- Visualizations for new types of data and data sources (e.g. big data, social media, citizen science, public databases),

- Visualization types that are common/typical in other environmental disciplines that could be transferred to hydrology,

- Visualizations that improve communication and stimulate feedback from audience (policy, public, colleagues).

Ideally, visualization ideas presented are transferable (not too specific) and accessible (open access software). We encourage presentations that show innovative approaches and visionary visualizations that help to make the earth sciences better and improve communication beyond the scientific community. 

This session is organized in cooperation with the Young Hydrologic Society (youngHS.com).

Invited speaker: Christa Kelleher, Assistant Professor, Earth Sciences and Civil Engineering, Syracuse University

Co-sponsored by YHS
Convener: Sebastian GnannECSECS | Co-conveners: Kevin RocheECSECS, Lina SteinECSECS

World-wide an increasing number of research projects focus on the challenges associated with permafrost thaw. Whereas these often have a natural and physical science focus, this session focuses on trans-disciplinary approaches to study the multiple phenomena associated with warming ground, especially but not exclusively in Arctic regions, and how to tackle these in large, trans-disciplinary research projects, initiatives and programs (e.g. HORIZON2020 Nunataryuk and the T-MOSAIC program of the International Arctic Research Council, NSF Navigating the New Arctic). Contributions are invited, but are not limited, to the following themes:
• science communication with local stakeholders, co-production of knowledge, risk perception,
• integration of social and natural science approaches in large research projects,
• (indigenous) approaches to adaptation and mitigation, equitable mitigation,
• socio-economic modelling in relation to permafrost thaw,
• examining the impacts of permafrost thaw on and health and pollution as well as infrastructure (and consequences of the built environment).

Invited speaker: Skip Walker (University of Alaska Fairbanks) – ‘Navigating the New Arctic: Adapting to infrastructure- and climate-related changes in ice-rich permafrost systems’

Co-organized by CL4/CR4/GM7/HS12/NH9
Convener: Peter Schweitzer | Co-conveners: Annett Bartsch, Susanna GartlerECSECS

Remaining carbon budgets specify the quantity of CO2 that can be emitted before a given warming level (such as the 1.5 °C target) is reached, and are thus of high interest to the public and policymakers. Yet, there are many sources of uncertainty which make it challenging to deduce this finite amount of CO2 emissions. The theoretical foundation of carbon budgets is based on the concept of the Transient Climate Response to cumulative CO2 Emissions (TCRE). This is the pathway-independent ratio of global warming per unit of cumulative CO2 emissions. However, accounting for non-CO2 forcings and changes in albedo or other Earth system feedbacks provides further challenges in calculating TCRE and the remaining carbon budgets.

This session aims to further our understanding of the climate response under different emission scenarios, and to advance our knowledge of associated carbon budgets consistent with meeting various levels of warming. We invite contributions that use a variety of tools, including fully coupled Earth System Models, Integrated Assessment Models, or simple climate model emulators. We welcome studies exploring different aspects related to carbon budgets and the TCRE framework, including: the governing mechanisms behind linearity of TCRE and its limitations, effects of different forcings and feedbacks (e.g. permafrost carbon feedback) and non-CO2 forcings (e.g. aerosols, and other non-CO2 greenhouse gases), estimates of the remaining carbon budget to reach a given temperature target (for example, the 1.5 °C warming level from the Paris Agreement), the role of pathway dependence, the climate-carbon responses to different emission scenarios (e.g. SSP scenarios, or idealized scenarios), and the behaviour of TCRE in response to artificial CO2 removal from the atmosphere (i.e. negative emissions). Contributions from the fields of climate policy and economics focused on applications of carbon budgets are also encouraged.

Co-organized by EOS4/BG1/ERE1
Convener: Katarzyna TokarskaECSECS | Co-conveners: Andrew MacDougallECSECS, H. Damon Matthews, Joeri Rogelj, Kirsten Zickfeld

Comprehensive studies to address ocean science issues require synergistic collaboration across the globe between many subdisciplines including science, engineering, environment, society and economics. However, it is a challenge to unify these aspects under a common program or study, and as such has been recognized as a main goal of the United Nations “Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030)”. Consequently, this session will bring together early-career representatives from a wide range of subdisciplines to demonstrate the strength of an interdisciplinary and intercultural approach when addressing global concerns, such as the dynamic impacts of climate change, focusing on the North Atlantic region as an example.

Continuous and comprehensive data is crucial to our understanding of the ocean. Yet, developing the advanced tools and technologies required for long-term ocean monitoring is not merely an engineering problem, as the data produced by these instruments will have future environmental and socio-economic impacts. A comprehensive view of the ocean also requires an understanding of past conditions. Thus, this session will also include contributions from paleo-oceanography to link the past to the future. In this vein, we will discuss our attempts at transdisciplinary and transcultural collaboration and share what we have learned for future approaches.

We invite contributions from a wide range of enthusiasts, including those in the natural sciences (e.g. biology, physics), applied sciences (e.g. engineering and technology, business), humanities (e.g. law), and social sciences (e.g. economics, political science). We also invite contributions from educators and administrators who are interested in experimenting with novel methods of building and encouraging research within interdisciplinary and multicultural graduate school programs.

Co-organized by EOS4/CL4
Convener: Allison ChuaECSECS | Co-conveners: Jacqueline BertlichECSECS, Kriste MakareviciuteECSECS, Subhadeep RakshitECSECS

The successful implementation of safe deep geological disposal of spent fuel, high-level waste and other long-lived radioactive waste is one of the currently most pressing environmental challenges in several countries worldwide. Site exploration and assessment are primarily geoscientific tasks that require interdisciplinary collaboration of different geoscientific disciplines, like geophysics, hydrogeology, (hydro-)geochemistry, mineralogy, geomechanics, and geological as well as THMC modelling. Successful and socially accepted site selection and implementation, however, not only depend on geoscientific state-of-the-art results and R&D programs but to a large extent on well-designed public outreach and public involvement/participation activities as well as on suitable regulatory frameworks.
As for other subsurface technologies such as the storage of thermal energy and other energy carriers, or the deposition of chemotoxic waste, barrier integrity is a crucial aspect for the assessment of nuclear waste disposal. Different technical concepts in diverse geological candidate formations are being discussed. Numerical simulations, in conjunction with experimental studies are an integral part of safety and environmental-impact assessment concepts involving barrier integrity as a key component. Reliable comparative analyses of potential technological options require coupled THMC models capturing the particularities of each rock type and associated repository concept to a comparable level of sophistication. Structural as well as process complexity are often met by data scarcity and variability, necessitating the treatment of uncertainties and variability.
Aside from geoscientific and technological aspects this interdisciplinary session also addresses social and regulatory challenges by welcoming contributions from research and technical support organizations, waste management organizations, regulatory bodies, and NGOs. The session provides a platform for the exchange of i) geophysical, geochemical, geotechnical knowledge for assessing the integrity of multi-barrier systems considering equally conceptual, theoretical, computational and experimental aspects as well as ii) safety assessment strategies and tools, disposal concepts, national and transnational public outreach and involvement programs, siting approaches and relevant regulatory frameworks. Presentations related to other subsurface technologies that face comparable challenges are also welcome.

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: Thomas Nagel | Co-conveners: Axel Liebscher, Jobst Maßmann, Klaus-Jürgen Röhlig, Claudia Schulz

In complex systems, such as terrestrial ecosystems uncertain information (whether in observation, measurement, interpretation or models) is the norm, and this impinges on most knowledge that earth scientists generate. It is important to quantify and account for uncertainty in our models and predictions otherwise results can be misleading. This is particularly important when predictions are to be used in a decision-making process where the end user needs to be able to properly evaluate the risk involved.

Quantitative estimation of uncertainty is a difficult challenge, that continually calls for the development of more refined tools. Many diverse methods have been developed, such as non-linear kriging in spatial prediction, stochastic simulation modelling and other error propagation approaches and even methods including the use of expert elicitation, but many challenges still remain. A second and often overlooked challenge with uncertainty is how to communicate it effectively to the end users such as scientists, engineers, policy makers, regulators and the general public.

In this session, we will examine the state of the art of both uncertainty quantification and communication in earth systems sciences. We shall give attention to three components of the problem: 1) new methods and applications of uncertainty quantification, 2) how to use such information for risk assessment, and 3) how to communicate it to the end-user. Dealing with uncertainty across all these three layers is a truly multidisciplinary task, requiring input from diverse disciplines (such as earth science, statistics, economics and psychology) to ensure that it is successful. The main aim of this session is to connect the three components of the problem, offering multiple perspectives on related methodologies, connecting scientists from different fields dealing with uncertainty and favouring the development of multidisciplinary approaches.

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: Alice Milne | Co-conveners: Kirsty Hassall, Gerard Heuvelink, Lorenzo MenichettiECSECS, Nadezda Vasilyeva

Why are soils important for society? What functions do soils have and how can society protect soils? Which kind of information should scientists transfer to society? Soils provide food but also many other ecosystem services for society, including water regulation, carbon storage, habitat of biodiversity, climate regulation among others. This key role that soils play makes soil conservation necessary to achieve a sustainable world and society have to be an important actors playing a key role. On this context, the complex interrelations between societies in different parts of the world and the soils need to be highlighted and correctly addressed. Politician, society and scientists have to work together to solve the grand challenges facing soil and society. The objectives of this session are to bring together experiences and ideas about the complex interrelations between soils and societies in different parts of the world. We highly encourage soil scientists and land managers to share new points of views and strategies about how to deal with these complex interactions in order to establish future guidelines for soil management in a sustainable future world.

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: Jacqueline Hannam | Co-convener: Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja

In this session, we invite contributions to explore diverse experiences with inter- and transdisciplinary research and practice, that is specifically applied in the mountain context. Taking mountains as complex social-ecological systems, they provide a concrete and spatially-defined contexts in which to explore how global change phenomena manifests and how it poses challenges and opportunities for communities and society in general.

Addressing societal concerns, and finding suitable solutions with regards to associated impacts of global change in mountains, requires and inter- and transdisciplinary (IT-TD) approach to research and practice. We invite contributions based on empirical research and/or practical experience with IT-TD, to critically reflect on these practices in the mountains context and learn from experiences that explicitly address societal grand challenges such as (but not limited to) climate change impacts and adaptation, transformations to sustainability, disaster risk reduction, or transitions to low carbon economies. We welcome contributions depicting research experiences in European mountain regions, other mountain regions around the world, as well as contributions from Early Career Researchers.

The session is led and coordinated by the Mountain Research Initiative (MRI) with expectations to be able to draw from this session as inputs for future research agendas and coordination of research collaborations in mountain regions, worldwide.


Co-organized by EOS4/CL4/CR7/GM7
Convener: Carolina Adler | Co-convener: Aino Kulonen

Soil is our most precious commodity providing global food and essential ecosystem services. Soil is, however, increasingly degrading, both in the EU and at global level. Soil degradation has transboundary negative impacts on human health, climate change objectives, natural ecosystems, biodiversity and economies. This means that soil protection and sustainable management are a matter of social equity aimed at people in all their dimensions and not just as soil users.
This session is of interest for all soil scientists and policy makers who want to present and discuss the multiplicity of ways in which soil-related activities affect natural and human systems emphasizing the need of comprehensive legislation on soil protection in EU and at the international level. Attention will be devoted to the ways in which soil use and policies impact the welfare of people and their development, to the need to raise awareness on the importance of soil and its sustainable use, to the role of soil science research and co-operation between institutions in developing sustainable land management systems, to evaluate the equity implications of soil policies to support the quality of environment and research.
Solicited speaker: Rattan Lal, lal.1@osu.edu

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: Paola Adamo | Co-convener: Claudio Zaccone

Soil is key to understand past and recent shape and shaping of the earth surface and a subject calling for hands-on teaching and learning. Soils and substrate surfaces with their specific biotic and abiotic components feature particular physical and chemical processes and are the interface of all other earth spheres. Soil is key issue facing the most urgent tasks concerning anthropogenic land use change and climate change and has been focused increasingly as a crucial yet threatened finite resource.
Teaching and dissipation of scientific results is the one important step to transport recent scientific insights into society and public discourse.
But how?
We ask high school and university teachers, multipliers and propagators of scientific content related to soil and geomorphology to share their methods, approaches and ideas about enthusiastic and creative teaching and science communication such as experiments, field trips, world cafes, clips or multimedia-approaches.

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: Miriam MarzenECSECS | Co-convener: Sabine KraushaarECSECS
ITS1.3/NH9.25 | PICO

Natural hazards and associated losses are a barrier to sustainable development in economically developing countries. Both the Sendai Framework and Sustainable Development goals highlight the interdependencies between sustainable development and disaster risk reduction. Urban areas are particularly at risk due to rapid, often unplanned development and lack of capacity to plan. This session will profile the challenges faced in the developing world when doing assessments of natural hazard and risk and designing mitigation strategies. Examples of these challenges include (i) lack of data, including challenges of collecting and sharing; (ii) rapid and often unplanned urban development, with building practices often neglecting the potential hazards, (iii) less regulated nature-human interactions, (iv) limited resources and capacity to undertake the most appropriate prevention and mitigation actions and to respond to disastrous and extreme events, (v) climate change, and (vi) difficulties in communication between science, policy and decision makers, and the general public.
Submissions to this PICO session covering all relevant topics are welcome, including but not limited to: database and archive construction; modeling, monitoring and tools for natural hazard and risk assessment; conceptual understanding of multi-hazards and nature-technology interactions; response and mitigation strategies; building resilience, and communications, policy and decision-making. We particularly welcome abstracts focusing on urban areas, as well as the participation of stakeholders to share their innovative theoretical and practical ideas and success stories of how risk can be understood and addressed across economically developing countries.

Co-organized by EOS4/GI6/HS12/SM1
Convener: Faith TaylorECSECS | Co-conveners: Olivier Dewitte, Joel GillECSECS, Andreas Günther, Bruce D. Malamud

This session aims to advance efforts on the collection and use of loss data related to natural hazards (e.g. cyclone, earthquake, flood, wildfire). The intention is to provide a future inventory of socioeconomic loss databases for loss and risk analysis, share effective modes of utilization for both science and policy, and to create a community linking academia, government and insurance.

During recent decades, many initiatives have collated losses, datasets and meta-data associated with events of natural perils (e.g. CATDAT, Dartmouth Flood Observatory, EM-DAT, MunichRe NATCATservice, SwissRe Sigma). Much research has been undertaken on a Europe-wide level and on smaller scales, either through governments (e.g. Desinventar), academic or insurer data archiving. However, these loss databases provide varying parameters, levels of data completeness, quality checks, spatial integration, and spatiotemporal limits. In addition, the types of data collection and definitions of loss often differ greatly between databases.

The amount of data freely available is increasing. There are over 3000 Open Data Initiatives around Europe (www.europeandataportal.eu/) and the World. However, effective use of these data as well as other online media archives and loss reporting is required. Another challenge is to build on initial attempts to connect different databases (e.g. IRDR-DATA). Another question is, what can effectively be done with loss data to take advantage of the unique insights it can provide yet understanding the limitations of the data when calibrating and validating loss models.

Thus, censoring and correction, homogenization, inter-comparability and integration of loss datasets is a key, overarching challenge.

Abstracts are welcomed in the following fields:-
- Socioeconomic loss databases and validation for natural perils
- Infrastructure and sectoral loss archiving (e.g. agriculture, infrastructure etc.)
- Online media initiatives for collecting loss data (e.g. twitter)
- Post-disaster loss analysis
- Online analysis of loss data or loss reporting
- Parametric risk transfer and insurance products
- GIS integration of past natural hazards event data
- Open data efforts for loss modelling
- Insurance loss data and loss archives
- Government post-disaster loss analysis and loss databases
- Other relevant loss-related research

Co-organized by EOS4
Convener: James DaniellECSECS | Co-conveners: Jeroen Aerts, Rashmin Gunasekera, John K. HillierECSECS, Gero Michel
EOS4.25 | PICO

We all know stories of scientific failures. We also know of scientific failures that have led to important discoveries—like penicillin. Most failures, however, go unnoticed, they have no place in history. Traditional scientific journals are biased towards positive findings and unambiguous conclusions. There is undeniable pressure for the output of highly cited papers in order to stand a chance in the competition for grants and positions. We researchers tuck away our negative or null results so as not to ‘waste’ time on ambiguous or seemingly insignificant data. Science has involuntarily become geared/streamlined toward ‘success’.

But success is never the full story. There is a disconnect between high impact publications and the long road leading to the unambiguous conclusions expected by the scientific community—a lack of transparency that can be detrimental to the progression of science. Who knows how many unreported failures have been reproduced over and over again because the data were never published? How much time, frustration, and competitive grant money is wasted every year because no one knows what does not work?

How many so-called failures might yet turn into serendipitous new discoveries, uncharted research directions, and new collaborations if looked at from a (slightly) different perspective? In this session, we offer a platform for negative data, ambiguous or inconclusive results, dead ends, and all those moments when things went awry. The session aims to:

1) Help other scientists save time and resources by not repeating failures
2) Provide the full picture of science—changing the narrative of only having ‘eureka moments’ and the belief that negative results must be associated with flawed studies
3) Foster acceptance in the peer review process when previous hypotheses are challenged by new findings
4) Work towards an improved scientific paradigm
5) Spark conversations and ignite future research collaborations

No matter how seemingly banal, outrageous, hilarious or in hindsight screamingly obvious your scientific failure; whether it be unreproducible experiments, the brilliant innovative idea that could not be ‘proven’, sensor data that is just weird, inconclusive studies, high-risk projects gone sour or Million-Euro equipment failures. Failure means, you dared something. That’s science. Share your story.

Convener: Anja Dufresne | Co-conveners: Rupert BainbridgeECSECS, Regina PläskenECSECS, Elisabeth Bowman

EOS5 – Geoethics


Geoscientists face ethical issues in their activities. All branches of geosciences have ethical, social and cultural implications. Geoethics aims to provide a common framework for these concerns, and to nourish a discussion on the basic values which underpin appropriate behaviors and practices, wherever human activities interact with the Earth system.
The spectrum of topics geoethics deals with includes:
• philosophical and historical aspects of geoscience, their relevance to ethical issues and values in contemporary geoscience, and their role in informing methods for effective and ethical decision-making;
• geoscience professionalism and deontology, research integrity and ensuring respectful working spaces, including issues related to harassment and discrimination, gender and disability in geosciences;
• ethical and social problems related to management of land, air and water;
• socio-environmentally sustainable supply of geo-resources (including energy, minerals and water), recognising the importance of effective regulation and policy-making, social acceptance, and understanding and promoting best practice;
• environmental change, pollution and their impacts;
• resilience of society related to natural and anthropogenic hazards, and risk management and mitigation strategies;
• ethical aspects of geoscience education (including issues from theory to educational practice) and communication;
• culture and value of geodiversity, geoconservation, geoheritage and fossils, geoparks and geotourism;
• role of geosciences in achieving socio-economic development that respects cultures, traditions and local development paths, regardless of countries' wealth, and in promoting peace, responsible and sustainable development and intercultural exchange.
Geoscientists’ knowledge and expertise are essential to addressing many of the most urgent global problems, to informed decision-making, and to education at all levels, so that citizens are equipped to discuss, shape and implement solutions to local, regional and global socio-environmental problems. Geoscientists who are more aware of their ethical responsibilities will be better able to put their knowledge at the service of society and to foster public trust in geosciences.
Acknowledging the role of geoscientists at the service of society, this session, co-sponsored by IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics, aims to develop ethical and social perspectives on the above topics, including case studies.

Co-sponsored by IAPG
Convener: Silvia Peppoloni | Co-conveners: Nic Bilham, Daniel DeMiguelECSECS, Eduardo Marone, susanne schneider-voss

The ongoing anthropogenic global change raises societal issues that require transversal studies involving natural-science and social-science disciplines. Anthropogenic change of the Earth system has local, regional and global consequences, for example, for soils, ground-water or coastal seas. Sub-systems to regulate climate, nutrient-loads or water cycle are impacted too. Phenomena like hypoxic areas in seas and lakes, over-exploitation of georesources or pollution of air, water and land pose challenges, such as how to shape production processes. Technological remedies to mitigate anthropogenic global change pose additional challenges such as the provision of resources, side-effects and governance. Subsequently, contemporary sound geoscience-practice takes societal issues into context.
Causes, effects and remedies to local and global change have an impact on any human community. They pose, on one side, scientific and technological challenges. However, above all, they are economic, societal and cultural challenges about the design of the human niche. Hence, they need to be questioned given the individual perceptions, societal concerns, economic choices, environmental carrying capacity and philosophical conceptions of the world and human histories. That is, even before being a scientific theme of geosciences and Earth System Sciences, anthropogenic global change is a cultural theme to reflect on the choices, individual and collective, for our present, to shape our future.
The requirement to act responsibly urges geoscientists to question the ethical, cultural and societal significance of geoscience research and practice - for individuals, people or humanity. It is urgent giving satisfactory, rational and convincing answers to the concerns of individuals and society, also on delicate topics such as climate changes, deep-sea mining, big data or geoengineering. Geoethics proposes a world view centred on the human agent, guided by a series of values rooted in the knowledge of geosciences, contextualised in space and time, which is derived from the principle of responsibility.
The session invites the authors to submit abstracts that highlight, from a geoscientific perspective, ideas, reflections, suggestions, provocations on the ethical, cultural and societal aspects, also through case studies, related to topics like those sketched above.
This session is co-sponsored by IAPG - International Association for Promoting Geoethics.

Co-sponsored by IAPG
Convener: Giuseppe Di Capua | Co-conveners: Martin Bohle, Victor Correia, Silvia Peppoloni

It is easy for western scientists to forget that 80% of the world’s population self-identify as religious. For this reason, any geoscience interaction with society does well to take into account the belief systems of that society. This session will explore the way in which geoscience and religion work together to achieve a common good for society. The theme will be explored in the areas of natural hazard vulnerability and mitigation, environmental sustainability, climate change, and sustainable development, particularly working with indigenous populations and those in low income countries prone to natural hazards and to environmental exploitation. The session will also explore the ways in which activism in faith groups can be mobilised to bring about societal change for the good in areas of environmental concern.

Convener: Hugh Rollinson | Co-convener: Robert S White

The goal of the short course is to increase awareness of the impact of gender unconscious bias and provide tools to facilitate equitable decision-making across a range of processes. In this short course you will be presented with various situations where gender imbalance may occur and you will be invited to interactively discuss concrete actions to change this reality.

The situations presented will range from formal/institutional (e.g. recruitment and evaluation committees) to informal/individual (e.g. daily-life choices or actions).

The short course will address the following issues:

- Short introduction to (gender) implicit bias; (presentation)
- Concrete situations where implicit bias can be present and lead to unfairness; (presentation + small group discussion)
- Concrete efforts to move forward and change the world (presentation + small group discussion)

Co-organized by EOS5
Convener: Claudia Alves de Jesus Rydin | Co-conveners: Marie BocherECSECS, Daniel Conley, Martina UlvrovaECSECS

At EGU2019 we successfully presented a similar SC with a great number of participants. For the next venue, we kept the main rationale and expanded the aims. As the proper and deep education on ethical issues in geosciences has been evolving in recent times, although not as quickly and deeply as necessary, we want to keep the activity also in 2020. Many of the professionals dedicated to Earth Sciences have been not in touch with such new concepts and tendencies as the concept of Geoethics. Geoethics is the research and reflection on the values which underpin appropriate behaviors and practices, wherever human activities interact with the Earth system. Geoethics provides a framework from which to define ethical professional behaviors in both geosciences and engineering and to determine how these should be put into practice for the benefit of society and the environment. The Short Course goes is directed towards introducing and training geoscientists in those new concepts and ideas as well as exposing the future perspectives of this field. After completing this course, participants will know the basic principles of ethics and how these lead to geoethics, will be aware of the dilemmas involved in making geoethical decisions, will have gained some experience in taking a geoethical approach to real-world cases and will have an initial view regarding the future perspectives of Geoethics. We kindly request two consecutive time blocks (1 hour 45 minutes each). They cannot be the same days/time of our own IAPG regular oral and poster sessions (two planned for 2020) and on the last EGU day (Friday). It can be scheduled, also, for late sessions on consecutive days (after 19:00 hs or 18:30 hs). A reduced number of lecturers will be selected among the members of IAPG with a strong background on SC's themes and participating at EGU2020.

Co-organized by EOS5, co-sponsored by IAPG and IOI-TC-LAC
Convener: Eduardo Marone | Co-conveners: Jan Boon, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni

EOS6 – Diversity and equality


Following the success of previous years, this session will explore reasons for the under-representation of different groups (cultural, national and gender) by welcoming debate among scientists, decision-makers and policy analysts in the geosciences.

The session will focus on both obstacles that contribute to under-representation and on best practices and innovative ideas to remove those obstacles. Contributions are solicited on the following topics:

- Role models to inspire and further motivate others (life experience and/or their contributions to promote equality)
- Imbalanced representation, preferably supported by data, for awards, medals, grants, high-level positions, invited talks and papers
- Perceived and real barriers to inclusion (personally, institutionally, culturally)
- Recommendations for new and innovative strategies to identify and overcome barriers
- Best practices and strategies to move beyond barriers, including:
• successful mentoring programmes
• networks that work
• specific funding schemes
• examples of host institutions initiatives

This session is co-organised with European Association of Geochemistry (EAG) and the European Research Council (ERC).

Co-sponsored by AGU and JpGU
Convener: Claudia Alves de Jesus Rydin | Co-conveners: Raffaele AlbanoECSECS, Lisa D. White, Liviu Matenco, Chiaki Oguchi

As women are impacted first and worst by climate change it is crucial that women's voices are represented in global decision making, research and science communication. This is especially important in geoscience as we are at the forefront of science and policy, contributing to IPCC reports and advising governments all over the world. It has never been more important to reach gender equity. This will only be achieved through conscious action and the support of the whole geoscience community. This is why this session is both necessary and timely.

There are many fantastic and award winning initiatives encouraging and enabling women into, and within, geoscience. We would like to bring together people working on all angles of gender equity in geoscience at EGU2020.

We propose an exciting session to share experiences, creativity, successes and challenges from initiatives aiming to increase gender diversity in any area of geoscience. Initiatives of any size or progression are encouraged. Through this session, we hope to foster a network of support, collaboration and good practice and ultimately contribute to systemic change.

Convener: Madeleine HannECSECS | Co-conveners: Sarah Boulton, Jodie Fisher, Daisy HassenbergerECSECS

Geodiversity, including surface and subsurface phenomena, objects and processes, reflects the current state of abiotic nature on the Earth. For this purpose, various methods of assessing geodiversity are used, from through mapping to simultaneous monitoring of dynamic elements of the geographical environment.
- Traditionally, rich descriptions of single variables and a static image of geodiversity is obtained through mapping, which registers the current face of the Earth.
- Another solution is a simultaneous record and/or multitemporal assessment of geodiversity through monitoring systems of key environmental elements, including satellite monitoring and geomatics techniques. This approach makes it possible to track changes in geodiversity at different time intervals and thus gain information on dynamic geodiversity.
For both static and dynamic geodiversity, it is essential to choose the right variables and approach that will best reflect the nature of both types of geodiversity as well as will be relevant for issues related to the services offered by geodiversity. Identifying these Essential Geodiversity Variables (EGVs, sensu Schrodt et al. 2019) as geoindicators is the main task of this session.
The large amount of available geoindicators makes it difficult to identify those that would comprehensively meet the expectations of specialists from various disciplines involved in the geodiversity assessment. Nevertheless, geodiversity is now recognized as highly relevant to both scientific and management issues related to Earth surface processes and landscape evolution and an effort for improved EGVs selection should be made. Our EGVs perspective is to contribute to the establishment of a Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework associated to environmental issues related to global change, ecosystem services and geoheritage.
This session invites scientific oral and poster contributions on geodiversity in context of geoheritage of natural and cultural landscapes.
The joint session is organized by the IAG Working Group on Landform Assessment for Geodiversity and the IAG Working Group on Geomorphological Sites.

Co-organized by EOS6, co-sponsored by APG and IAG
Convener: Zbigniew Zwoliński | Co-conveners: Irene BollatiECSECS, Paola Coratza, Marco Giardino, Franziska SchrodtECSECS

EOS7 – Teaching topics


In the session we would like to explore and discuss concrete experimental subjects which satisfy the following points;
1: easy to start and easy to finish without any high barrier in practice.
2: but not easy to understand, requiring deep thinking. They should contain enigmas.
3: having many doors open to higher level understandings
The subjects cover all the research fields in earth & planetary sciences. The only concern is to utilize our hands and brain in laboratory experiments. These simple but profound experiments could be useful as a brain-stimulating tool in many situations such as perspective research explorations for young scientists, intriguing experiments in the freshman course at universities and inspiring classroom experiments at high schools. We would like to call for submissions from serious researchers to wrap your scientific results in kitchen earth science style as well as from eager teachers with your experience at the classrooms.
This is a new session based on the joint works in JPGU’s accumulations of 10 years kitchen earth science and active discussions about the concept of GIFT in EGU.

Co-sponsored by JpGU
Convener: Kei Kurita | Co-convener: Francesca Funiciello

All areas in the Earth sciences face the same problem of dealing with larger and more complex data sets that need to be analyzed, visualized and understood. Depending on the application domain and the specific scientific questions to be solved, different visualization strategies and techniques have to be applied. Yet, how we communicate those complex data sets, and the effect that visualization strategies and choices have on different (expert and non-expert) audiences as well as decision-makers remains an under-researched area of interest. For this "PICO only" session, we not only invite submissions that demonstrate how to create effective and efficient visualizations for complex and large earth science data sets but also those that discuss possibilities and challenges we face in the communication and tailoring of such complex data to different users/ audiences. Submissions are encouraged from all geoscientific areas that either show best practices or state of the art in earth science data visualization or demonstrate efficient techniques that allow an intuitive interaction with large data sets. In addition, we would like to encourage studies that integrate thematic and methodological insights from fields such as for example risk communication more effectively into the visualization of complex data. Presentations will be given as PICO (Presenting Interactive COntent) on large interactive touch screens. This session is supported by ESiWACE2. ESiWACE2 has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 823988.

Co-organized by EOS7/CL5/GD10/GM2
Convener: Niklas Röber | Co-conveners: Michael Böttinger, Joseph Daron, Susanne Lorenz
SSS12.9 | PICO

Soils are complex, dynamic systems that are essential to support life on earth. Healthy soils provide food security, regulate the climate and play a vital role in controlling the flow of pollutants into the wider environment. Soils also contain a vast reservoir of genetic material in soil microbes, with potential to inspire future technological advances. However, soils are under threat, as harmful management practices and climate change are altering organic matter levels and microbial composition, and increasing salinisation, contamination and erosion rates. Through an array of approaches, soil scientists explore soil processes and systems, and characterise soil communities and resources in order to understand changes in our soils. We aim to celebrate the power of the soil in a wide-ranging session organised by a cohort of early career researchers, containing voices from throughout the soil science community. We believe that soil holds the key to solving some of the global environmental challenges in achieving a sustainable future by 2050. By bringing together a wide variety of interests and approaches in one place, we hope to foster interdisciplinary connections and solutions to challenges in soil science.

Co-organized by EOS7
Convener: Jessica PottsECSECS | Co-conveners: John BealeECSECS, Harry HarveyECSECS, Corina LeesECSECS, Phil Haygarth

The editors of Land Degradation and Development will initiate and moderate back-to-back presentations that recapitulate evidence supporting both sides of the argument and offer scholars on land degradation the opportunity to contribute to these debates. Currently, several aspects of land degradation and resilience are at the centre of hot debates: How much do no-till technologies contribute to sustainable soil management? Can reclaimed land be converted to arable land? Do we have strong evidence of the land restoration potential of regenerative agriculture? Does land degradation lead to large carbon storage in sediment, hence a feedback on global warming? What is the optimal level of soil organic matter? Is biochar addition enhancing or curbing soil erosion? Does the revival of ancient land management techniques induce soil erosion? Can 137Cs efficiently be used to measure soil-loss rates? Researchers will present evidence and defend their opinion concerning either side of these and other ongoing debates. After debating, the authors will be invited to publish their (opinion) papers in a special issue of “Land Degradation and Development”. This approach will direct auditors and readers to evidence that contributes to the debates. The session will provide suggestions on how the research community may assist in resolving such very important questions of land and soil degradation.

Co-organized by EOS7
Convener: Jan Nyssen | Co-conveners: Steff Clements, Jan Frouz, Vanessa Wong

Methods of analysis used in the investigation of soil chemical, biochemical and physical properties play very important role in the progress of soil science. The accuracy of provided researches and quality of new knowledges and discoveries depends directly from the possible choice of analytical methods. The wise usage of a wide range of diferent analytical methods and techniques serves as a foundation for the investigation of the processes in soils and for the assessment of the status of the soil environment. Unfortunately, the importance of their utilisation often remains in the shadow and is principially underestimated. Today we can see, that the spectrum of methods used in soil science varies starting from quite simple methods and goes up to high-precision methods based on high-tech instruments.
The aim of this session is to present the usage of diferent laboratory methods and techniques in soil research and give the possibility for researchers to exchange their experiences. The special goal of this session is to promote a wider use of innovative analytical methods for determination of chemical compounds in mineral and organic soils, sediments, substrates and composts. The new termin “lab on phone” has appeared in scientific literature during the last few years, which specifies the use of smartphones as analytical instruments in labs and also for field experiments
The session is an opportunity to present the works describing the usage of ICP-MS, GC-MS, HPLC-MS, TGA-MS, FTIR, fluorescence etc. in the analysis of soils. The session is not limited to these techniques or methods, the works describing the methods „lab on phone“ for soil analysis are very expected. The studies connected with methodology of soil chemical analysis and particularly soil organic matter are welcome.

Co-organized by EOS7
Convener: Tonu Tonutare | Co-conveners: Viia Lepane, Manfred Sager

Natural areas provide humankind services and the landscape as a resource is more and more appreciated as one of those services. From the services offered by natural areas, one of those that have gained prominence in recent years is the use of these areas to develop recreational and sport activities such as hiking, running trail, horse-riding or mountain biking. Tourism in natural areas has increased significantly in recent years (Canteiro et al., 2018) so human impacts have also increased. Among these impacts we can highlight the negative effects on trails, such as trampling on plant cover, fauna disturbances, human waste, hydrological alterations and soil degradation along trails. Some examples of soil degradation are the lost of organic matter, compaction, decreased infiltration and erosion. This scientific session welcome researches about the impact of mountain trails in soil, water and vegetation resources from a theoretical and empirical approaches.

Co-organized by EOS7/GM12
Convener: Artemi Cerdà | Co-convener: David Salesa
SSS11.5 | PICO

A well-designed experiment is a crucial methodology in Soil Science, Geomorphology and Hydrology.
Depending on the specific research topic, a great variety of tempo-spatial scales is addressed.
From raindrop impact and single particle detachment to the shaping of landscapes: experiments are designed and conducted to illustrate problems, clarify research questions, develop and test hypotheses, generate data and deepen process understanding.
Every step involved in design, construction, conduction, processing and interpretation of experiments and experimental data might be a challenge on itself, and discussions within the community can be a substantial and fruitful component for both, researchers and teachers.
This PICO session offers a forum for experimentalists, teachers, students and enthusiasts.
We invite you to present your work, your questions, your results and your method, to meet, to discuss, to exchange ideas and to consider old and new approaches.
Join the experimentalists!

Co-organized by EOS7
Convener: Thomas IserlohECSECS | Co-conveners: Jorge Isidoro, Miriam MarzenECSECS, Ian PattisonECSECS

Soil is the key element in the Earth System for controlling hydrological, biological, erosional and geochemical cycles. Moreover, the soils are the source of food and fiber services and resources for human societies. Soils provide food but also many other ecosystem services for society, including water regulation, carbon storage, habitat of biodiversity, climate regulation among othes. This key role that soils play makes soil conservation necessary to achieve a sustainable world. Soil degradation and sustainable soil use are key threats because agriculture, deforestation, grazing, fire, global change, road construction and mining accelerate soil degradation rates. All these issues are currently addressed in many different institutions and universities all around the world. When teaching, the fundamental purposes of scientists are to impart knowledge, insight, and inspiration. On this regards, university teaching principles are changing as students also gain knowledge and inspiration in ways other than in the classical teaching activities (e.g. master class or field work). Nowadays, the soil science discipline is evolving as there is a new set of tools and techniques available by which we investigate soils, and the foci are shifting toward other disciplines and changing research questions. The objectives of this session are to bring together experiences, methodologies, ideas, approaches from different parts of the world on the teaching of soil science. We highly encourage soil scientists and teachers to share new points of views and strategies about how to transfer knowledge and information to society. Session outputs will be very helpful in order to establish future guidelines for soil science transference to society.

Co-organized by EOS7
Convener: Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja | Co-convener: Jacqueline Hannam

Securing water, energy, and food is increasingly difficult as the global human population continues to grow. Almost 2 billion people are without access to safe water, 1.4 billion do not have access to modern forms of energy, and 1 billion people go hungry every day. The Water-Food-Energy (WFE) nexus is increasingly becoming a focal point for research and political action. Soils are important for this nexus for many other reasons apart from their agricultural use (Hatfield et al., 2017). Several of the UN Sustainable Development Goals are intimately linked to the myriad of ecosystem services provided by soils of functions of soils. To name a few that are hydrologically relevant: the role of soils in the water and carbon cycles, through which they affect the weather and the climate, respectively; protection of groundwater resources through soils’ ability to adsorb and break down pollutants.
This session aims to emphasize the importance of the soil in WFE nexus and highlight the importance of soils in all agendas focusing on food, water and energy problems. We therefore invite contributions that address:
(1) Research focusing on the different soil functions (including but not limited to soil water availability, nutrient cycling, carbon cycling, soil structure, aggregate stability, adequate rooting depth, and gas exchange) to show the importance of soil for ecosystem services and the UN Sustainable Development Goals;
(2) Educating and involving knowledge-brokers that link science with societal partners by understanding the linkage between soil, ecosystem services, sustainable development, and the well-being of humans to achieve the goals of understanding the WFE nexus.

Hatfield, J.L., T.J. Sauer and R.M. Cruse. 2017. Soil: The forgotten piece of the water, food, energy nexus. Advances in Agronomy, volume 143: 1-46 .

Co-organized by EOS7/ERE7/SSS12
Convener: Ines Gasmi | Co-conveners: Gerrit H. de Rooij, Jauad El Kharraz
EOS7.10 | PICO

Good scientific practice requires research results to be reproducible, experiments to be repeatable and methods to be reusable. This is a particular challenge for hydrological research, as scientific insights are often drawn from analysis of heterogeneous data sets comprising many different sources and based on a large variety of numerical models. The available data sets are becoming more complex and constantly superseded by new, improved releases. Similarly, new models and computational tools keep emerging and many are available in different versions and programming languages, with a large variability in the quality of the documentation. Moreover, how data and models are linked together towards scientific output is very rarely documented in a reproducible way. As a result, very few published results in hydrology are reproducible for the general reader.
A debate on good scientific practice is underway, while technological developments accelerate progress towards open and reproducible science. This session aims to advance this debate on open science, collect innovative ways of engaging in open science and showcase examples. It will include new scientific insights enabled by open science and new (combinations of) open science approaches with a documented potential to make hydrological research more open, accessible, reproducible and reusable.

This session should advance the discussion on open and reproducible science, highlight its advantages and also provide the means to bring this into practice. We strongly believe we should focus on the entire scientific process, instead of the results alone, obtained in a currently still rather fragmented way.

This session is organized in line with other Open Science efforts, such as FAIR Your Science.

Convener: Remko C. NijzinkECSECS | Co-conveners: Niels Drost, Francesca Pianosi, Stan Schymanski

In the past three years, low-cost seismic devices have become very popular among citizen scientists and academic researchers alike. The amateur seismological network (AM) has expanded to become one of the largest online seismic networks at ~1000 online nodes in ~100 countries, and continues to expand at a rate of 1-2 nodes per day. The potential has become increasingly apparent for academic seismologists and network operators to leverage data collected and shared from stations maintained by citizen scientists, educators, and students. The network has tracked numerous seismic events, from hyperlocal to teleseismic, and boasts high station density in locations that are typically regarded as too noisy for an expensive broadband installation. Presently, the AM network finds location and magnitude solutions for more than 50,000 earthquakes per year, many of which are too small or local to be identified by other networks. Low-cost seismic devices—and the AM network as a whole—have great value not only to seismological and geophysical research and network densification, but to education, science communication, and emergency response applications as well.

This session welcomes contributions from a broad range of subjects including but not limited to: earthquake and aftershock studies, volcano monitoring, cryospheric research, coastal studies, structural monitoring, educational programs, public safety, and various other societal benefits made possible by low-cost seismic devices.

Co-organized by EOS7/GI5
Convener: Ian NesbittECSECS | Co-conveners: Remy Bossu, Paul Denton, Kate WinterECSECS

This session is organized by the European Astrobiology Institute (EAI), which has been recently founded as a virtual institute aiming to carry out research, training, outreach and dissemination activities in astrobiology in a comprehensive and coordinated manner and thereby securing a leading role for the European Research Area in the field. About 25 large research organisations and leading research and higher education institutions have committed themselves to participate in it.
As far as interdisciplinary research activities in astrobiology are concerned, the main focus of this session will be on:
• Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems and Detection of Habitable Worlds
• Planetary Environments and Habitability
• Evolution and Traces of Early Life and Life under Extreme Conditions
• Biosignatures and the Detection of Life beyond Earth
This session will also host presentations on relevant outreach, training, education and dissemination activities, including the use of geological field sites for these aims.
The GI division has been chosen for this session, although the session is not strictly focused on the development and use of instrumentation, because of its highly interdisciplinary nature and audience.

Co-organized by EOS7
Convener: Wolf Geppert | Co-conveners: Muriel Gargaud, John Robert Brucato
NH9.11 | PICO

This session addresses knowledge exchange between researchers, the public, policy makers, and practitioners about natural hazards. Although we welcome all contributions in this topic, we are particularly interested in: (i) The communication (by scientists, engineers, the press, civil protection, government agencies, and a multitude other agencies) of natural hazards risk and uncertainty to the general public and other government officials; (ii) Approaches that address barriers and bridges in the science-policy-practice interface that hinder and support application of hazard-related knowledge; (iii) The teaching of natural hazards to university and lower-level students, using innovative techniques to promote understanding. We also are specifically interested in distance education courses on themes related to hazard and risk assessment, and disaster risk management, and in programmes for training in developing countries. We therefore solicit abstracts, particularly dynamic posters, on all aspects of how we communicate and educate the better understanding of natural hazards. We plan on having a PICO session to ensure a lively combination of discussion and poster presentation.

Co-organized by EOS7/GM12/HS13/SM3
Convener: Joel GillECSECS | Co-conveners: Bruce D. Malamud, Alison SneddonECSECS, Adam D. Switzer, Faith TaylorECSECS

EOS8 – Geoconservation and geoheritage


Natural stones are integral part of the architectonic heritage built over the centuries and thus reflect close cultural affiliation with society. Our session deals with Heritage Stones defined explicitly by the IUGS Sub Commission on Heritage Stones (HSS). We promote recognition of natural stones that have achieved an important and significant use in human culture. The session is open to discuss the use of heritage stones in different civilizations over the period of time, their impact on human culture, geoheritage, geoarchaeology and architectonic relevance. The session is also open to discuss current scenario on status of the architectonic heritage in terms of their deterioration and steps to reinforce restoration of the same, in addition to aspects such as historical quarries, quarry landscape and trade of these heritage stones etc.
Global Heritage Stones constitute a resource of great social and economic relevance that attracts cultural tourism, and form an important link to understand the geology and history of a region. Global Heritage Stone recognition will promote public and policy-maker interest in stonebuilt heritage, encourage the use of natural stones and ensure the availability of stones required for maintenance and restoration of built heritage. It will also assist in forming a broader understanding of how the usage of the most traditional building material has evolved over centuries to the present-day application. As factory produced building materials took over in the last two centuries or so, architects seem to be re-evaluating their choices and there is a reawakened interest in the usage of stone as a contemporary building material.
This session is promoted by the Heritage Stones Subcommission (HSS), an IUGS subcommission within the International Commission on Geoheritage (ICG). The proposed session encourages contributions related to above sub themes from all over the world.
Selected contributions from our previous EGU sessions are published in high impact factor journals, such as: Geological Society of London Special Publications (SP407: Global Heritage Stone: Towards International Recognition of Building and Ornamental Stones), Episodes Special Issue on Heritage Stones (volume 38-2, June 2015), Geoscience Canada (volume 43(1), March 2016), Geoheritage (2018), Episodes (in process of publication by 2020). Selected contributions of EGU 2020 will be considered for publication in a special issue of a well rated journal.

Co-organized by EOS8
Convener: Gurmeet Kaur | Co-conveners: David Martin Freire-ListaECSECS, Dott.ssa Marini, Noor Dashmesh Singh

EOS9 – Interdisciplinarity


Are you a geoscientist working with social scientists? Or a social scientist working on any aspect of geoscience? Then we want to hear from you! Today, there is a growing awareness that addressing the global environmental challenges we face requires different disciplines and scientific communities to work together. From investigating public perception and understanding of geoscience, to researching community involvement and participation in geoscience activities, we invite contributions from researchers working at the nexus of geoscience and social science. Areas of investigation can include environmental psychology, social science, media studies, policy, geoscience communication or other relevant areas. This session is an opportunity for researchers to learn from each other and share skills connected to this emerging field of research.

Convener: Fergus McAuliffeECSECS | Co-conveners: Hazel GibsonECSECS, Anthea LacchiaECSECS, Jen Roberts, Geertje Schuitema

Ground-acquired historical images from the late 1800s and aerial images from the early 1900s have been used for military, civil, and research purposes in natural sciences. These multi-temporal historical images have the unequalled potential for documenting the past environmental changes caused by anthropogenic and natural factors in the pre-satellite era.
The increasing availability of historical images as digitised images, together with advancements of digital photogrammetry, have heightened the interest in these data in the scientific community for assessing and reconstructing long-term surface evolution from local to landscape scale. Especially, newly evolved dense-matching algorithms from computer sciences and photogrammetry allow for unprecedented high-resolution data retrieval by reprocessing the historical imagery with these new methods.
However, despite the available volume of historical images, their full potential is not widely exploited yet. Currently, there is a lack of knowledge on the types of information that can be derived and their applications in geoscience. Furthermore, there are no clear photogrammetric workflows to automatically generate 3D (three-dimensional) information in the forms of point clouds or digital elevation models from stereo images as well as 2D products such as orthophotos. Amongst others, difficulties to deal with old camera models or missing information about the geometry of historical cameras have to be dealt with. Similarly, the quality and accuracy of this information are not fully understood.
Our goal is to create a diversified and interdisciplinary session that explores the potential of historical images, ranging from the photogrammetric techniques to the reconstruction and interpretation of 2D and 3D changes over the past. Hence, this session welcomes submissions on the use of historic imagery in a wide range of geoscience disciplines such as geomorphology, cryosphere, volcanology, bio-geosciences, and geology.

Co-organized by EOS9/CL2/CR2/GM2/HS13/NH6
Convener: Livia PiermatteiECSECS | Co-conveners: Anette EltnerECSECS, Penelope HowECSECS, Wilfried KarelECSECS

The nature of science has changed: it has become more interconnected, collaborative, multidisciplinary, and data intensive. The main aim of this session, now in its third edition, is to create a common space for interdisciplinary scientific discussion where EGU-GA delegates involved in recent and ongoing COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)* Actions can share ideas and present the research activities carried out in their networks. The session represents an invaluable opportunity for different Actions and their members to identify possible synergies and establish new collaborations, find novel links between disciplines, and design innovative research approaches. So far, this session has hosted contributions stemming from 26 Actions, covering different areas of the geosciences (sky, earth and subsurface monitoring, terrestrial life and ecosystems, earth's changing climate and natural hazards, sustainable management of resources and urban development, environmental contaminants, and big data); we are looking forward to receiving new contributions this year.

Same as in past editions, part of this session will be dedicated to presenting and discussing activities carried out in further national and international scientific networks, associations, and collaborative projects.

Moreover, this session is of course open to everyone and abstracts authored by individual scientists or small research teams are most welcome, too. Actually, in 2018 and 2019 we received a very good number of such abstracts, submitted by researchers who wanted to disseminate the results of their studies in front of the multidisciplinary audience that characterizes this session, as an alternative to making a presentation in a thematic session. In fact, contributing to this session can be a productive way to broaden the perspective and find new partners for future interdisciplinary research ventures.

-- Notes --

* COST (www.cost.eu) is funded by the EU and enables researchers to set up their interdisciplinary and international scientific networks (the “Actions”). Academia, industry, public- and private-sector laboratories work together in the Actions, sharing knowledge, leveraging diversity, and pulling resources. Every Action has a main objective, defined goals and deliverables. This session is a follow-up initiative of COST Action TU1208 “Civil engineering applications of Ground Penetrating Radar” (www.gpradar.eu).

Co-organized by EOS9/AS4/CL5/GD1/NH5/NP8/SM1/SSP1/SSS12
Convener: Lara Pajewski | Co-conveners: Aleksandar Ristic, Patricia María Rodríguez GonzálezECSECS