Inter- and Transdisciplinary Sessions
Disciplinary sessions
Disciplinary sessions AS–GM
Disciplinary sessions GMPV–TS

Session programme


PS – Planetary & Solar System Sciences

Programme group chairs: Stephen J. Mojzsis, Anezina Solomonidou

Runcorn-Florensky Medal Lecture by Tristan Guillot
Convener: Stephen J. Mojzsis
PS Division Outstanding ECS Award by Tim Lichtenberg
Convener: Stephen J. Mojzsis

PS1 – Multi-disciplinary applications to planetary and solar system science studies: spacecraft mission development and testing, planetary instrument testing, laboratory experiments and ground-truthing mission data with terrestrial analogues

GM10.1 EDI

The Planetary Geomorphology session aims to bring together geomorphologists who study the Earth with those who work on other bodies such as Mars, Venus, Mercury, the Moon, icy satellites of the outer solar system, comets, and/or asteroids. Studies applicable to landscapes on any scale on any solid body are welcome. We particularly encourage those who use Earth analogues, laboratory/numerical simulation and/or big satellite datasets to submit their work. Considered processes could include aeolian, volcanic, tectonic, fluvial, glacial, periglacial, or "undetermined" ones. We especially welcome contributions from early-career scientists and geomorphologists who are new to planetary science.

Solicited authors:
Devon Burr
Co-organized by PS1, co-sponsored by IAG
Convener: Lonneke RoelofsECSECS | Co-conveners: Stephen BroughECSECS, Frances E. G. ButcherECSECS, Tjalling de Haas, Nikolaus J. Kuhn

The increasing amount of data from an increasing number of spacecraft in our solar system shouts out for new data analysis strategies. There is a need for frameworks that can rapidly and intelligently extract information from these data sets in a manner useful for scientific analysis. The community is starting to respond to this need. Machine learning, with all of its different facets, provides a viable playground for tackling a wide range of research questions in planetary and heliospheric physics.

We encourage submissions dealing with machine learning approaches of all levels in planetary sciences and heliophysics. The aim of this session is to provide an overview of the current efforts to integrate machine learning technologies into data driven space research, to highlight state-of-the art developments and to generate a wider discussion on further possible applications of machine learning.

Solicited authors:
Robert Jarolim
Co-organized by PS1/ST4
Convener: Ute Amerstorfer | Co-conveners: Hannah Theresa RüdisserECSECS, Günter Kargl, Sahib JulkaECSECS, Mario D'Amore

This session aims to inform the geoscientists and engineers regarding new and/or improved instrumentation and methods for space and planetary exploration, as well as about their novel or established applications.
The session is open to all branches of planetary and space measurement tools and techniques, including, but not limited to: optical, electromagnetic, seismic, acoustic, particles, and gravity.
Please, kindly take contact with the conveners if you have a topic that may be suitable for a review talk.
This session is also intended as an open forum, where discussion between representatives of different fields within planetary, space and geosciences will be strongly encouraged, looking for a fruitful mutual exchange and cross fertilization between scientific areas.

Co-organized by PS1, co-sponsored by IAF and COSPAR
Convener: Bernard Foing | Co-conveners: Serena CrottiECSECS, Hakan Svedhem

Modern challenges of climate change, disaster management, public health and safety, resources management, and logistics can only be addressed through big data analytics. A variety of modern technologies are generating massive volumes of conventional and non-conventional geospatial data at local and global scales. Most of this data includes geospatial data components and are analysed using spatial algorithms. Ignoring the geospatial component of big data can lead to an inappropriate interpretation of extracted information. This gap has been recognised and led to the development of new spatiotemporally aware strategies and methods.
This session discusses advances in spatiotemporal machine learning methods and the softwares and infrastructures to support them.

Co-organized by CL5/GI2/NP4/PS1
Convener: Christopher KadowECSECS | Co-conveners: Jens Klump, Hanna Meyer

Observations from aircraft, remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS/UAV/UAS) and balloons are an important means to obtain a broad view of processes within the Earth environment during measurement campaigns. The range of available instruments enables a broad and flexible range of applications. It includes sensors for meteorological parameters, trace gases and cloud/aerosol particles and more complex systems like high spectral resolution lidar, hyperspectral imaging at wavelengths from the visible to thermal infra-red, solar-induced fluorescence and synthetic aperture radar. The use of small state-of-the-art instruments, the combination of more and more complex sets of instruments with improved accuracy and data acquisition speed enables more complex campaign strategies even on small aircraft, balloons or RPAS.
Applications include atmospheric parameters, structural and functional properties of vegetation, glaciological processes, sea ice and iceberg studies, soil and minerals and dissolved or suspended matter in inland water and the ocean. Ground based systems and satellites are key information sources to complement airborne datasets and a comprehensive view of the observed system is often obtained by combining all three. Aircraft and balloon operations depend on weather conditions either to obtain the atmospheric phenomenon of interest or the required surface-viewing conditions and so require detailed planning. They provide large horizontal and vertical coverage with adaptable temporal sampling. Future satellite instruments can be tested using airborne platforms during their development. The validation of operational satellite systems and applications using airborne measurements has come increasingly into focus with the European Copernicus program in recent years.
This session will bring together aircraft, balloon and RPAS operators and researchers to present:
• an overview of the current status of environmental research focusing on the use of airborne platforms
• recent observation campaigns and their outcomes
• multi-aircraft/balloon/RPAS and multi-RI campaigns
• using airborne and ground-based RI to complement satellite data, including cal/val campaigns
• identifying and closing capability gaps
• contributions of airborne measurements to modelling activities
• airborne platforms to reduce the environmental footprint of alternative observation strategies
• airborne instruments, developments and observations
• future plans involving airborne research

Co-organized by AS4 /ESSI4/PS1
Convener: Thomas Ruhtz | Co-conveners: Kristine Dannenberg, Hannah Clark, Shridhar Jawak, Philip Brown

First part - Mining the future

Research and innovation in exploration and mining of raw materials is increasingly focused on the prospect of developing new methods and technologies to reduce the environmental footprint of mineral extraction and exploration.

The robotization of exploration/production platforms, such as robotic autonomous explorers and miners, will allow to reconsider “non-economical” deposits (abandoned, small, ultra-depth), and to open as well towards the autonomous exploration and exploitation of other non-terrestrial bodies, including asteroids and moons.

Technological advances in the production process, included, but not limited to, X-ray sensors, hyper spectral techniques, LIBS, electromagnetic, combined with machine learning, AI models and efficient mechatronic solutions, will pave the way to a green mining industry.

We welcome contributions from researchers working on applied or interdisciplinary studies associated with mining exploration, geophysics, geochemistry, metallurgy, selective mining.

Second part - Novel developments in understanding the petrogenesis of REE resources

As a result of the critical need for rare earth elements (REE) in new technologies, in particular green energy production, the number of geological studies focusing on their ore formation have recently increased. REE deposits form in a variety of igneous and sedimentary environments. However, depending on factors such as relative and absolute REE content, mineralogy of the REE-bearing phases, host rock properties etc., their economic value can vary significantly. In addition to economic geology, REE deposits are ideal laboratories for understanding the elemental and isotopic behaviour of these elements in different geological environments, as well as the petrogenesis of their host rocks (e.g., carbonatites, alkaline igneous rocks, laterites, phosphorites etc.).
In this session, we will discuss new developments in understanding the formation of already known and recently discovered REE deposits. Studies based on different methodologies including new mathematical modelling techniques, field mapping, experimental petrology, mineralogical observations, in-situ and whole rock elemental and isotopic characterization will be discussed.

We welcome submission of studies conducted on different geological environments with different techniques discussing the conditions leading to concentration (and possibly differentiation) of the REE.

Co-organized by GI6/NP8/PS1
Convener: Giorgia StasiECSECS | Co-conveners: Hamed Pourkhorsandi, Michael BernerECSECS, Wei ChenECSECS, Sam Broom-FendleyECSECS, Martin Smith, Eva Hartai

PS2 – Space weather and space weathering: active and passive processes, observations and records from models, experiments and samples

Programme group scientific officer: Moa Persson


The session solicits contributions that report on nonthermal solar and planetary radio emissions. Coordinated multi-point observations from ground radio telescopes (e.g., LOFAR, LOIS, LWA1, URAN-2, UTR-2) and spacecraft plasma/wave experiments (e.g., BepiColombo, Solar Orbiter, Parker Solar Probe, UVSQ-Sat, Cassini, Cluster, Demeter, Galileo, Juno, Stereo, Ulysses and Wind) are especially encouraged. Presentations should focus on radiophysics techniques used and developed to investigate the remote magnetic field and the electron density in solar system regions, like the solar corona, the interplanetary medium and the magnetized auroral regions. Interest also extends to laboratory and experimental studies devoted to the comprehension of the generation mechanisms (e.g., cyclotron maser instability) and the acceleration processes (e.g., Alfven waves). Further preparations, evaluations, investigations, analyses of forthcoming space missions or nanosatellites (like Juice, SunRISE, UVSQ-Sat NG, Inspire-Sat 7…) are also welcome.

Co-organized by ST4
Convener: Patrick Galopeau | Co-convener: Mohammed Y. Boudjada

The ionospheres and (induced) magnetospheres of unmagnetized and weakly magnetized bodies with substantial atmospheres (e.g. Mars, Venus, Titan, Pluto and comets) are subject to disturbances due to solar activity, interplanetary conditions (e.g. solar flares, coronal mass ejections and solar energetic particles), or for moons, parent magnetospheric activity. These objects interact similarly as their magnetized counterparts but with scientifically important differences.
As an integral part of planetary atmospheres, ionospheres are tightly coupled with the neutral atmosphere, exosphere and surrounding plasma environment, possessing rich compositional, density, and temperature structures. The interaction among neutral and charged components affects atmospheric loss, neutral winds, photochemistry, and energy balance within ionospheres.
This session invites abstracts concerning remote and in-situ data analysis, modelling studies, comparative studies, instrumentation and mission concepts for unmagnetized and weakly magnetized solar system bodies.

Co-organized by ST4
Convener: Martin Volwerk | Co-conveners: Charlotte Götz, Beatriz Sanchez-Cano, Pierre Henri

Cosmic rays carry information about space and solar activity, and, once near the Earth, they produce isotopes, influence genetic information, and are extraordinarily sensitive to water. Given the vast spectrum of interactions of cosmic rays with matter in different parts of the Earth and other planets, cosmic-ray research ranges from studies of the solar system to the history of the Earth, and from health and security issues to hydrology, agriculture, and climate change.
Although research on cosmic-ray particles is connected to a variety of disciplines and applications, they all share similar questions and challenges regarding the physics of detection, modeling, and the influence of environmental factors.

The session brings together scientists from all fields of research that are related to monitoring and modeling of cosmogenic radiation. It will allow sharing of expertise amongst international researchers as well as showcase recent advancements in their field. The session aims to stimulate discussions about how individual disciplines can share their knowledge and benefit from each other.

We solicit contributions related but not limited to:
- Health, security, and radiation protection: cosmic-ray dosimetry on Earth and its dependence on environmental and atmospheric factors
- Planetary space science: satellite and ground-based neutron and gamma-ray sensors to detect water and soil constituents
- Neutron and Muon monitors: detection of high-energy cosmic-ray variations and its dependence on local, atmospheric, and magnetospheric factors
- Hydrology and climate change: low-energy neutron sensing to measure water in reservoirs at and near the land surface, such as soils, snow pack, and vegetation
- Cosmogenic nuclides: as tracers of atmospheric circulation and mixing; as a tool in archaeology or glaciology for dating of ice and measuring ablation rates; and as a tool for surface exposure dating and measuring rates of surficial geological processes
- Detector design: technological advancements in the detection of cosmic rays and cosmogenic particles
- Cosmic-ray modeling: advances in modeling of the cosmic-ray propagation through the magnetosphere and atmosphere, and their response to the Earth's surface
- Impact modeling: How can cosmic-ray monitoring support environmental models, weather and climate forecasting, agricultural and irrigation management, and the assessment of natural hazards

Co-organized by AS4 /PS2/ST4
Convener: Martin SchrönECSECS | Co-conveners: Konstantin Herbst, Jannis WeimarECSECS, Cosimo BrogiECSECS, Daniel RascheECSECS

Upstream from the bow shock, some incident solar wind particles can be reflected and under specific geometrical conditions, travel upstream along the magnetic field lines, interact with the solar wind and cause a variety of instabilities and waves before getting carried back to the shock. This complex interaction gives rise to the foreshock environment, where several phenomena take place. These include whistler and ULF waves, hot flow anomalies (HFAs), spontaneous hot flow anomalies (SHFAs), foreshock cavities, foreshock bubbles, shocklets, and short-large amplitude magnetic structures (SLAMS).

Such foreshock structures appear to govern much of the dynamics upstream of the planetary bow shocks, while modulating the downstream magnetosheath region. They may cause high-speed plasma jets and plasmoids downstream of the shock, or even get directly transmitted through the bow shock. Understanding the coupling between these processes and revealing their effects with respect to the magnetosphere is crucial for the accurate determination of a planetary geospace environment and for quantifying possible space weather effects. On a more fundamental level, such structures and their relation can be connected to phenomena such as magnetic reconnection, particle acceleration and the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling.

Contributions to this session can include theoretical works, computer simulations, numerical modeling, machine learning applications and observational research. We particularly encourage presentations using data from Terrestrial missions of MMS, THEMIS, and Cluster missions in conjunction with other missions such as Arase (ERG), Van Allen Probes (VAPs) and ground magnetometers. Of particular interest are works that study transient phenomena close to the bow shock of other planetary environments such as Mercury, Venus, and Mars using simulations or observational measurements.

Solicited authors:
Hadi Madanian
Co-organized by PS2
Convener: Savvas RaptisECSECS | Co-conveners: Heli Hietala, Francesco Pucci, Ferdinand Plaschke, Tomas Karlsson, Christian Mazelle
ST1.10 EDI

The heliosphere is permeated with energetic particles of different compositions, energy spectra and origins. Two major populations of these particles are galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), which originate from outside of the heliosphere and are constantly detected at Earth, and solar energetic particles (SEPs) which are accelerated at/near the Sun during solar flares or by shock fronts associated with the transit of coronal mass ejections. Enhancements in energetic particle fluxes at Earth pose a hazard to humans and technology in space and at high altitudes. Within the magnetosphere, energetic particles are present in the radiation belts, and particle precipitation is responsible for the aurora and for hazards to satellites. Energetic particles have also been shown to cause changes is the chemistry of the middle and upper atmosphere, thermodynamic effects in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere region, and can influence components of the global electric circuit. This session will aim to address the transport of energetic particles through the heliosphere, their detection at Earth and the effects they have on the terrestrial atmosphere when they arrive. It will bring together scientists from several fields of research in what is now very much an interdisciplinary area. The session will allow sharing of expertise amongst international researchers as well as showcase the recent advances being made in this field, which demonstrate the importance of the study of these energetic particle populations.

Solicited authors:
Jingnan Guo
Co-organized by AS4 /PS2
Convener: Simon Thomas | Co-conveners: Nina Dresing, Graeme MarltonECSECS, Ross PallisterECSECS

PS3 – The early solar system: from molecular cloud to planetary building blocks, to planetisimals, planetary embryos and full-fledged planets (in partnership with GMPV)

Programme group scientific officers: Patricia L. Clay, Sébastien Charnoz

PS4 – Interiors, crusts and atmospheres of the terrestrial planets: formation, evolution and fate (in partnership with GD)

Programme group scientific officer: Gregor Golabek


This session primarily focuses on neutral atmospheres, surfaces, and exospheres of terrestrial bodies other than the Earth. This includes not only Venus and Mars, but also exoplanets with comparable envelopes, small bodies and satellites carrying dense atmospheres such as Titan, exospheres such as Ganymede, or with a surface directly exposed to space like asteroids. We welcome contributions dealing with processes affecting the atmospheres of these bodies, from the surface to the exosphere. We invite abstracts concerning observations, both from Earth or from space, modeling and theoretical studies, or laboratory work. Comparative planetology abstracts will be particularly appreciated.

Solicited authors:
David Ehrenreich,Takaaki Noguchi
Convener: Arnaud Beth | Co-conveners: Arianna Piccialli, Audrey Vorburger, Quentin NenonECSECS, Rosario Brunetto, André Galli, Francois Leblanc

In June 2021, NASA and ESA selected a fleet of three international missions to Venus. Moreover, the ISRO orbiter mission Shukrayyan-1 is currently in preparation for launch in the mid 2020s. With the ‘Decade of Venus’ upon us, many fundamental questions remain regarding Venus. Did Venus ever have an ocean? How and when did intense greenhouse conditions develop? How does its internal structure compare to Earth's? How can we better understand Venus’ geologic history as preserved on its surface as well as the present-day state of activity and couplings between the surface and atmosphere? Although Venus is one of the most uninhabitable planets in the Solar System, understanding our nearest planetary neighbor may unveil important lessons on atmospheric and surface processes, interior dynamics and habitability. Beyond the solar system, Venus’ analogues are likely a common type of exoplanets, and we likely have already discovered many of Venus’ sisters orbiting other stars. This session welcomes contributions that address the past, present, and future of Venus science and exploration, and what Venus can teach us about exo-Venus analogues. Moreover, Venus mission concepts, new Venus observations, exoplanet observations, new results from previous observations, and the latest lab and modelling approaches are all welcome to our discussion of solving Venus’ mysteries.

Solicited authors:
Gabriella Gilli,Ana-Catalina Plesa
Co-organized by GD3
Convener: Anna GülcherECSECS | Co-conveners: Cédric Gillmann, Maxence LefevreECSECS, Moa PerssonECSECS, Gregor Golabek

With three new missions which arrived at Mars in 2021, another giant leap in Mars exploration is expected during the next decade. In this session, we welcome contributions about lessons learned from past/current missions, terrestrial analog studies, laboratory experiments and modelling as well as future exploration and prospects.

Solicited authors:
Patrick Martin,Gerhard Kminek
Convener: Jessica Flahaut | Co-conveners: Benjamin Bultel, Agata KrzesinskaECSECS, Lori Neary, Arianna Piccialli

The Emirates Mars Mission spacecraft orbiting Mars will complete its primary science mission (one Mars year) in early 2023. Scientific observations emphasize measurements of the behavior of the atmosphere, including the lower atmosphere down to the surface (and including interactions with the surface), the upper atmosphere and ionosphere, and the magnetosphere and interactions with the solar wind. The focus is on understanding diurnal, geographical (latitude/longitude/local solar time), and temporal variations, and the physical and dynamical coupling between the different components of the atmosphere and upper atmosphere, throughout a Mars year. This session will focus on the major scientific results from the mission and plans for the extended mission.

Solicited authors:
Hessa Almatroushi
Convener: Bruce Jakosky | Co-conveners: Krishnaprasad ChirakkilECSECS, Maryam YousufECSECS
TS13.1 EDI

Tectonics, volcanism, and seismicity are the main constructive agents in shaping planetary surfaces and provide precious information on planetary interiors and evolution. They are driven by both endogenous processes and external triggers such as impact events and tidal forces and are associated with an enormous variety of landforms and structures. Even small bodies such as asteroids and comets, where volcanism and tectonics do not play a dominant role, are still affected by fracturing and faulting as a result of other processes like tides, dynamic loading, and gravitational collapse. The study of such geological processes involves many scientific disciplines including remote sensing observation, experimental modelling, geological mapping, rheological and geomechanical studies, field analogue investigations and geophysics. In particular, seismology is one of the most powerful tools to study the interior of planetary bodies and their tectonic regime. Recently, InSight has provided a wealth of seismological data from Mars. Similarly, the selection of Dragonfly by NASA promises a wealth of seismological observations of Titan. It is also expected that seismology will return to the Moon with the selection of the Farside Seismic Suite to fly to the farside of the Moon on a commercial lander in the next few years, and the Lunar Geophysical Network remaining an encouraged mission concept for a future NASA New Frontiers call. In addition to these mission-driven insights, modelling presents an increasingly powerful tool that can help to estimate the expected tectonics and seismicity of different planetary bodies.

This session aims to look at the broad range of tectonics, seismicity, and volcanism and their interactions on Solar System bodies and explore how we could improve our understanding through comparable processes on Earth.

Hence, we welcome contributions on observations from space missions, as well as theoretical estimates and modelling efforts on volcanism, tectonics, and seismicity occurring on all planetary bodies.

Solicited authors:
Doyeon Kim,Thomas Kenkmann,Sam Poppe,Jan Oliver Eisermann
Co-organized by GMPV3/PS4
Convener: Matteo Massironi | Co-conveners: Iris van ZelstECSECS, Géraldine ZenhäusernECSECS, Costanza RossiECSECS, Anna Horleston, Valentina Galluzzi, Daniel Mege

Dynamical processes shape the Earth and other rocky planets throughout their history; their present state is a result of this long-term evolution. Early on, processes and lifetimes of magma oceans establish the initial conditions for their long-term development; subsequently their long-term evolution is shaped by the dynamics of the mantle-lithosphere system, compositional differentiation or mixing, possible core-mantle reactions, etc.. These processes can be interrogated through observations of the rock record, geochemistry, seismology, gravity, magnetism and planetary remote sensing all linked through geodynamical modelling constrained by physical properties of relevant phases.

This session aims to provide a holistic view of the dynamics, structure, composition and evolution of Earth and rocky planets (including exoplanets) on temporal scales ranging from the present day to billions of years, and on spatial scales ranging from microscopic to global, by bringing together constraints from geodynamics, mineral physics, geochemistry, petrology, planetary science and astronomy.

Co-organized by GMPV3/PS4
Convener: Paul Tackley | Co-conveners: Gregor Golabek, Lena Noack, Paolo Sossi

PS5 – Physical, chemical and dynamical aspects of small bodies (dwarf planets, rocky & icy moons, asteroids, comets, KBOs, rings, meteors and interplanetary dust)

Programme group scientific officer: Maria Gritsevich


The session accepts contributions on dwarf planets and small solar system objects, including comets, asteroids, meteoroids, and dust. Topics also cover dynamics, evolution, physical properties, and interactions in both space and atmospheres. We invite presenters to highlight recent space missions (SolO, PSP ...) results, laboratory studies, meteor observations, and theoretical and numerical simulations. This session also provides a forum for presenting future space instrumentation. We welcome young minds and encourage the presentation of multi-disciplinary research.

Solicited authors:
Andreas Kvammen,Elizabeth Silber
Convener: Jiri Pavlu | Co-conveners: Maria Gritsevich, Patrick ShoberECSECS

The Lunar Science, Exploration & Utilisation Session will address the latest results from lunar missions: from ground-based and satellite measurements, to lunar meteorites research, terrestrial analog studies, laboratory experiments and modelling. All past/current results as well as future exploration ideas and prospects are welcome. The session aims to bring together contributions on theoretical models concerning the deep interior and subsurface structure and composition; observations of the surface morphology and composition; analyses of the atmospheric composition and dynamics; the interaction with the solar wind, analog studies and future habitability of the Moon.
This session also aims at presenting highlights of relevant recent results regarding the exploration and sustainable utilization of the Moon through observations, modelling, laboratory. Key research questions concerning the lunar surface, subsurface, interior and their evolution will be discussed. In detail, the topics of interest for this session include:
-Recent lunar results: geochemistry, geophysics in the context of open planetary science and exploration;
-Synthesis of results from Clementine, Prospector, SMART-1, Kaguya, Chang’e 1, 2 and 3, Chandrayaan-1, LCROSS, LADEE, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Artemis and GRAIL;
- First results from Chang'E 4, Chandrayaan2, Chang’E5, Commercial Lunar Payload;
- Goals and Status of missions under preparation: orbiters, Luna25-27, SLIM, GLXP legacy, LRP, commercial landers, Future landers, Lunar sample return missions;
- Precursor missions, instruments and investigations for landers, rovers, sample return, and human cis-lunar activities and human lunar surface sorties with Artemis and Intl Lunar Research Station;
- Preparation for International Lunar Decade: databases, instruments, missions, terrestrial field campaigns (eg EuroMoonMars), In-Situ Resources, ISRU, support studies;
- ILEWG and Global Exploration roadmaps towards a global robotic/human Moon village;
Note that this session is open to all branches of lunar science and exploration, and is intended as an open forum and discussion between diverse experts and Earth geoscientists and explorers at large. The session will include invited and contributed talks as well as a panel discussion and interactive posters with short oral introduction.

Solicited authors:
Thomas Kruijer
Co-organized by GI3
Convener: Ottaviano Ruesch | Co-conveners: Joana S. Oliveira, Rachael Martina Fernando MarshalECSECS, Chrysa Avdellidou, Bernard Foing

The icy moons of our Solar System are prime targets for the search for extraterrestrial life. Moons such as Saturn's Enceladus and Jupiter's Europa are considered potential habitats because of their subglacial water oceans, which are in direct contact with the rocks below. Titan, with its potential subsurface ocean, icy surface and methane-based weather, could provide an analogue for a primordial earth and the circumstances in which life developed. To assess the habitability and sample the oceans of these moons, several approaches are being discussed, including water plume surveys on Europa and Enceladus, as well as developing key technologies to penetrate the ice and even study the ocean itself with autonomous underwater vehicles, if the ice is thin enough. Moreover, a key aspect of habitability is linked with the geological processes acting on these moons. The main questions that this session aims to address are the following:
- What can we learn from analogue studies on Earth?
- What are the properties of the ice shell and how do they evolve?
- How will planned missions to these bodies contribute to furthering our understanding?
- What measurements should be conducted by future missions?

The goal of this multidisciplinary session is to bring together scientists from different fields, including planetary sciences and the cryosphere community, to discuss the current status and next steps in the remote and in-situ exploration of the icy moons of our solar system. We welcome contributions from analogue studies, on the results of current and past missions, planned missions, mission concepts, lessons learned from other missions, and more. Contributions bridging the cryosphere-icy moons communities are of particular interest to this session.

Solicited authors:
Donald Blankenship,Cyril Grima
Co-organized by CR7
Convener: Marc S. BoxbergECSECS | Co-conveners: Hans HuybrighsECSECS, Ana-Catalina Plesa, Christopher Gerekos, Stephanie Cazaux, Simon C. Stähler

PS6 – Gas and ice giants: from sub-neptunes to super-jupiters, at home and abroad

Programme group scientific officers: Anezina Solomonidou, Tristan Guillot


The Ice Giant System Science Exploration session welcomes papers addressing ice giant system science, including the composition, dynamics, and processes shaping ice giant atmospheres, interiors, magnetospheres, satellites, and rings. The session particularly encourages papers addressing the results from the anticipated James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) observations of the Uranus and Neptune systems, along with new insights from ground-based observations. Additionally, due to the prioritization of a Uranus Flagship mission in the recent NASA Planetary Science Decadal Survey, papers related to future ice giant system exploration, instrumentation, mission concepts, technology developments, and international cooperation are of significant interest.

Solicited authors:
Michael Roman
Convener: Erin LeonardECSECS | Co-conveners: David H. Atkinson, Thibault CavaliéECSECS, Leigh Fletcher, Carol Paty

The Gas Giant System Exploration session solicits abstracts on the scientific exploration of the Jovian and Kronian systems with past and current missions (e.g. Juno, Cassini, remote observations), as well as presentations on future exploration missions and concepts (e.g. JUICE). This includes studies on the interiors, atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres of Jupiter and Saturn, out to their ring systems and satellites, as well as the respective interactions between these regions.
We also explicitly welcome presentations on gas giant exoplanet systems and encourage participation by colleagues more traditionally aligned with astronomy.

Solicited authors:
Jamey Szalay
Convener: Joshua DreyerECSECS | Co-conveners: Lina Hadid, J. Hunter Waite

Results from Juno at Jupiter have revealed numerous discoveries associated with the physics and chemistry of its interior, atmosphere, magnetosphere and its origin and evolution. Juno’s extended mission began last summer and transformed the Jupiter-focused mission to a full system explorer. The extended mission runs through 2025 and includes numerous close and distant flybys of Io, Europa, and Ganymede along with an exploration of Jupiter’s enigmatic ring system. This session invites observational and modeling results related to Juno’s results on Jupiter and the comparison to other giant planets, including exo-planetary systems. New results from Juno’s extended mission on Jupiter’s northern latitudes as well as the satellites and ring system are welcome.

Solicited authors:
Yasumasa Kasaba,Candy Hansen,Alessandro Mura,Corentin Louis,Steve Levin
Convener: Scott Bolton | Co-conveners: Michel Blanc, Paul Hartogh, Yamila Miguel

PS7 – Exoplanets, exomoons, exocomets: origin, process and evolution

Programme group scientific officer: Daniel Kitzmann

PS8 – Life in the cosmos

Programme group scientific officer: Sarah Rugheimer


In this session, we discuss the interior structure and evolution, surface and atmosphere, and possible conditions and habitats for the origin and persistence of life of planetary bodies. We cover planets and moons within the solar system including Earth, Mars, and icy moons, and exoplanets from the size of Earth to Super-Earths and sub-Neptunes. We are interested the mineraolgy and interior structure of these planetary bodies, mantle evolution, interior-atmosphere volatile exchange, the conditions for habitability, prebiotic chemistry, the origin of life, signatures of life, and the possible links between life and the evolution of planetary reservoirs.

To this interdisciplinary session, we invite contributions of relevance to the topic from all fields of Planetary Sciences, Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Photochemistry, (Exo-)Biology and Astronomy. This includes the formation and structure of planetary bodies, interior dynamics and evolution, insights from high-pressure high-temperature laboratory experiments, volatile outgassing and recycling, atmospheres, impacts, geological evidence of habitability, abiotic and prebiotic chemistry, biogeochemical interactions, extremophiles and the limits of life, preservation and detection of biosignatures, as well as mission concepts for exploration of planetary atmospheres and habitability.

Solicited authors:
Caroline Dorn,Frank Postberg
Convener: Jean-Pierre Paul de Vera | Co-conveners: Dennis HöningECSECS, Francesca MiozziECSECS, Kaustubh Hakim, John Lee Grenfell, Lena Noack, Benjamin TaysumECSECS

PS9 – Short Courses

Programme group scientific officer: Stephen J. Mojzsis


Are you unsure about how to bring order in the extensive program of the General Assembly? Are you wondering how to tackle this week of science? Are you curious about what EGU and the General Assembly have to offer? Then this is the short course for you!

During this course, we will provide you with tips and tricks on how to handle this large conference and how to make the most out of your week at this year's General Assembly. We'll explain the EGU structure, the difference between EGU and the General Assembly, we will dive into the program groups and we will introduce some key persons that help the Union function.

This is a useful short course for first-time attendees, those who have previously only joined us online, and those who haven’t been to Vienna for a while!

Co-organized by GM12/PS9
Convener: Jenny TurtonECSECS | Co-conveners: Anouk BeniestECSECS, Anita Di Chiara, Simon ClarkECSECS, David Fernández-BlancoECSECS

The European Geosciences Union (EGU) is the largest Geosciences Union in Europe, largely run by volunteers. Conferences, journals, policy making and scientific communication are all important parts of EGU.

Whatever your closest link with EGU, would you like to get more involved?

Perhaps you are interested in running events, being a representative or being part of a committee. In this short course, we will provide an overview of all the activities of EGU, which are much more than just the General Assembly. We will give practical tips on how to get involved, who to contact and where to find specific information if you want to organise events, become an editor or nominate yourself for Division President. From blog writing to organising networking events, there’s something for everyone.

Co-organized by GM12/PS9
Convener: Jenny TurtonECSECS | Co-conveners: David Fernández-BlancoECSECS, Nazimul IslamECSECS, Giuliana Panieri

The European Research Council (ERC) is a leading European funding body supporting excellent investigator-driven frontier research across all fields of science. ERC calls are open to researchers around the world. The ERC offers various different outstanding funding opportunities with grants budgets of €1.5 up to €3.5 million for individual scientists. All nationalities of applicants are welcome for projects carried out at a host institution in Europe (European Union member states and associated countries). At this session, the main features of ERC funding individual grants will be presented.

Co-organized by GD11/GM12/NH12/PS9/SSP5
Convener: David Gallego-Torres | Co-conveners: Claudia Jesus-Rydin, Eystein Jansen

Networking is crucial for scientists of all career stages for collaborations as well as for their personal growth and career pathways. Your scientific network can support you when struggling with everyday academic life, help with making career choices and give feedback on job applications/proposals/papers. Further, having a scientific network can provide new perspectives and opportunities for your research while leading to interdisciplinary collaborations and new projects.
Building up an initial network can be challenging, especially outside of your research institution. As scientific conferences and social media platforms are evolving, the possibilities of academic networking are also changing. In this short course we will share tips and tricks on how to build, grow and maintain your scientific network. Additionally, panelists will talk about their own personal experiences. In the second part of the short course, we will do a networking exercise. This short course is relevant to scientists who are starting to build/grow their network or want to learn more about networking in today’s scientific settings.

Co-organized by GM12/NH12/OS5/PS9
Convener: Andreas KvasECSECS | Co-convener: Megan HoldtECSECS

Building a successful academic career is a challenge. Doing it while also building a family might push you to your limit. Many early and mid-career scientists are faced with the question of how to balance family and academic career. They are finding themselves left with a private problem, when it is actually a shared and societal issue, linking to other overarching themes of participation and diversity.
It is crucial to find support and confidence in going forward as an individual, and we as a community need to talk about parenting in academia to be able to demand and develop sustainable solutions that benefit many, instead of fighting private battles over and over again.
This short course aims to (1) provide some insight into how being a parent affects your every day academic life, (2) highlight the existing support measures for parents in academia in different countries, and (3) offer some experience-based strategies that are being shared by a panel of academic parents, (4) concluding with an open discussion, touching on the public discourses on equal parenting and life-work balance. This course targets scientists who think about having a family, as well as parents in academia keen to connect, and faculty staff with responsibilities towards parenting employees.

Co-organized by GM12/NH12/OS5/PS9
Convener: Johanna KerchECSECS | Co-conveners: Rebekka SteffenECSECS, Bart RootECSECS, Gerald RaabECSECS

Research projects requires scientific excellence! This is self-evident, but… there is much more! This concerns both, your own project, but particularly if you want to lead a scientific consortium in an international project with several partners.
In this short course we will provide you the basics on research project management, over the whole life cycle of a project starting from the idea along the implementation until the time beyond your project. What project management related topics do you have to consider already in the proposal phase? What is needed to satisfy your funding agency, e.g., the European Commission? And how to plan the impact and visibility you would like to create with your project?

These are some of the questions which will be part of this short course. We will
share tips and tricks on how to successfully manage your scientific project from concept to closure and to avoid avoidable pitfalls.

This short course is a follow-up on the courses given at previous EGUs before the pandemic. The feedback was very positive so that we would like to offer this option again. Thus, if you’re a scientist with no background in research project management this course is for you, as you will learn how to apply project management principles to a wide variety of research projects from field-trips to large international collaborations.
If you’re an early-career scientist or a starting coordinator of consortia based projects, this course is great to get a good grasp of the effort necessary to run scientific projects and learn how you can make your academic life easier from the start with smart, easy-to-use tools and templates.
If you’re an experienced research project manager we’d love to hear about your work and for you to share your tips and lessons learnt with us.

Co-organized by ESSI3/GM12/NH12/OS5/PS9
Convener: Sylvia Walter | Co-conveners: Geertje ter MaatECSECS, Daniela Henkel, Paola Materia, Sofia Mariano

The work of scientists does not end with publishing their results in peer-reviewed journals and presenting them at specialized conferences. In fact, one could argue that the work of a scientist only starts at this point: outreach. What does science outreach mean? Very simply, it means to engage with the wider (non-scientific) public about science.
The way of doing outreach has radically changed in the last decades, and scientists can now take advantage of many channels and resources to tailor and deliver their message to the public: to name a few, scientists can do outreach through social media, by writing blogs, recording podcasts, organizing community events, and so on.
This short course aims to give practical examples of different outreach activities, providing tips and suggestions from personal and peers’ experiences to start and manage an outreach project. Specific attention will be paid to the current challenges of science communication, which will encompass the theme of credibility and reliability of the information, the role of communication in provoking a response to critical global issues, and how to tackle inequities and promote EDI in outreach, among others.
The last part of the course will be devoted to an open debate on specific hot topics regarding outreach. Have your say!

Co-organized by EOS1/CR8/GD11/GM12/GMPV11/NH12/OS5/PS9/SSP5
Convener: Giulia ConsumaECSECS | Co-conveners: Silvia De AngeliECSECS, David Fernández-BlancoECSECS, Negar VakilifardECSECS

The scientific communication landscape in the digital era is rapidly becoming all about effectively delivering ideas in brief. As scientific conferences move from longer physical meetings to more condensed hybrid formats, not only are short presentations necessary for pitching yourself to senior scientists or your next entrepreneurial venture to Venture Capitalists, but also for promoting your research. The opportunities of networking rarely reveal themselves, unless you are able to tell a brief, informative, and compelling story about you and your research.
It is truly an art to engage people through these short presentations and ignite a fire in their hearts, which will burn long enough for them to remember you and reach out to you later about relevant opportunities. While practice makes perfect is the mantra for delivering power-packed short presentations, there are several tricks to make your content stand out and set yourself apart from the crowd.
In this hybrid format course, we will bring together ideas and tips from years of sci-comm experience to provide you a one stop shop with the tricks of the trade. Finally, a hands-on exercise where participants will receive structured feedback on all aspects of their talk will help solidify the learning outcomes. The learning objectives of this short course are as follows:
-Structuring a killer elevator pitch – learning from 1/2/3-min examples
-Knowing your audience – harnessing the power of tailored openings/closings
-Captivating delivery – leveraging body language to your advantage
-Harnessing creativity - choosing the right medium
-Enunciating to engage – communicating across borders
-Effectively practising your pitch – making the best of your time
Early career and underrepresented scientists are particularly encouraged to participate as they can gain the most from the learning outcomes of this short course.

Co-organized by GM12/NH12/OS5/PS9
Convener: Antara DasguptaECSECS | Co-conveners: Louise ArnalECSECS, Hannah Cloke

Visualisation of scientific data is an integral part of scientific understanding and communication. Scientists have to make decisions about the most effective way to communicate their results everyday. How do we best visualise the data to understand it ourselves? How do we best visualise our results to communicate with others? Common pitfalls can be overcrowding, overcomplicated plot types or inaccessible color schemes. Scientists may also get overwhelmed by the graphics requirements of different publishers, for presentations, posters etc. This short course is designed to help scientists improve their data visualization skills in a way that the research outputs would be more accessible within their own scientific community and reach a wider audience.
Topics discussed include:
- Choosing a plot type – keeping it simple
- Color schemes – which ones to use or not to use
- Creativity vs simplicity – finding the right balance
- Producing your figures and maps – software and tools
- Figure files – publication ready resolutions
This course is co-organized by the Young Hydrologic Society (YHS), enabling networking and skill enhancement of early career researchers worldwide. Our goal is to help you make your figures more accessible by a wider audience, informative and beautiful. If you feel your graphs could be improved, we welcome you to join this short course.

Co-organized by ESSI2/GM12/HS11/NH12/OS5/PS9, co-sponsored by YHS
Convener: Swamini KhuranaECSECS | Co-conveners: Edoardo MartiniECSECS, Paola MazzoglioECSECS, Epari Ritesh PatroECSECS, Roshanak TootoonchiECSECS
SC3.14 EDI

Science is a key component of the policymaking process as it allows policymakers to more effectively consider their potential options and the consequences of any action or inaction. However, knowing when and how to engage in policy can be challenging! One of the key challenges that scientists face is understanding and overcoming the differences between the science and policy communities and aligning the goals, expectations, and needs and all groups involved. Creating and facilitating activities that bring scientists and policymakers together can help to bridge this gap and promote more consistent interaction and productive cooperation!

This Short Course will provide practical examples from EGU’s Policy Programme - including the Science-Policy Pairing Scheme, Science for Policy Working Group, and Biodiversity Task Force - and explain how these initiatives can be replicated. Participants from the initiatives will be invited to present their experiences and the challenges that they overcame. Please bring questions and some of the challenges that you or your organisation is experiencing so that these can be discussed!

Co-organized by EOS4/CL6/GM12/PS9
Convener: Chloe Hill | Co-conveners: A. Rita Carrasco, Adam Izdebski

Science has long been a source of inspiration for artists, writers and other creative professionals, but as anyone who has seen a science-based film can tell you, the gap between inspiration and fact can sometimes be wide. So what do you do if you are approached by an artist or creative profession to collaborate on a project? How do you ensure that your subject is represented accurately, whilst at the same time respecting the artist’s creative freedom? And how do you find a creative professional to collaborate with you on your research?

In this short course we will explain some basic tips to help you with these issues, from the very first step of contacting, or being contacted by a creative professional, understanding the collaborative brief and how to write one, how the working styles of artists and scientists are different (and the same) and how to decide where the boundary between fact and fiction lies for you. Drawing experience from artists who have worked with scientists and scientists who have worked with artists across a range of mediums from theatre, opera, and dance, to sculpture, creative writing and painting, this short course will give you the information you need to collaborate with confidence.

Co-organized by EOS1/GM12/NH12/PS9
Convener: Hazel GibsonECSECS | Co-conveners: Lucia Perez-DiazECSECS, Fabio Crameri

Why do so many early career scientists find it such a challenging task to create a well-written and eye-catching illustrated research paper? Why are articles mostly lacking coherence among story and visual aids?

Well, writing research articles is different from just reporting your field or lab work or pulling up some graphs out of a hat. In brief, one must put together a concise presentation on paper that has to invite the reader, be engaging to read, and be graphical attractive to the audience. To draw readers to your articles, one must pair the seven graphic design principles with the five key characteristics of scientific writing.

If you feel overwhelmed with scientific writing, need more structure, or just want to improve your publishing skills, this course is for you. If you are looking for a few hacks that could improve your graphic and writing skills, we have you covered.

You will discover how to break down the article creation into clearly defined tasks. You will be shown how writing and graphic design can evolve together into a harmonizing piece of literature that your target audience will enjoy while saving you time in the progress. Scroll up and click the “star” to add this course to your personal program.

Co-organized by ESSI3/GM12/PS9
Convener: Gerald RaabECSECS | Co-convener: Dorothee PostECSECS

Giving presentations of our work or a lecture in front of an audience is an intrinsic part of any stage of the academic career and beyond. Giving a presentation can be stressful, in terms of preparation and delivery, and it can be scary, in terms of standing in front of an audience with the focus on your presentation. This uncomfortable feeling can reach points where it may hinder your possibilities, it can turn into ‘stage fright’ or even be a cause of giving up a career in science. It can happen in any career stage, from your first ever presentation to your 40th one. In this short course we focus on different aspects of presentation anxiety, sharing strategies how to deal with it, and we will provide a platform for the questions you may have but did not dare ask your supervisor or your peers.
This short course is offered by the Life-Work-Balance Group.

Co-organized by GM12/NH12/PS9
Convener: Janina J. (Bösken) NettECSECS | Co-conveners: Anita Di Chiara, Saioa A. CampuzanoECSECS, Rebekka SteffenECSECS, Maxime GrandinECSECS
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In the face of multiple global crises and accelerating global warming, political decisions need to consider an array of factors and evidence. Policymakers not only must consider a wide range of input from stakeholders along with the likely unintended consequences of any action or inaction. As researchers, we want our expertise to inform political decisions. As concerned and informed citizens with scientific training, we watch with concern where decisions are taken due to one-sided information, clouded by populist motifs, or short-term gain. Especially in the climate science sphere, many researchers also identify as activists, taking the stance that watching from the sidelines and creating an understanding of the gravity of the problem is not enough.

This Short Course is aimed at researchers at all career stages who want to ease the dissonance between these narratives and are willing to explore their place on the continuum between environmental activism and detached professionalism. This session will acknowledge that there are as many positions along the continuum as there are individuals. In an informal setting, we explore the different positions that you, as a researcher, might want to take in the public discourse. Experts who are currently working on the interface of science, society, and activism through groups such as Scientists for Future will offer their positive and, potentially, also negative experiences as well as their motivation to act for change.

Co-organized by EOS4/CL6/GM12/NH12/PS9
Convener: Flora Maria BroczaECSECS | Co-conveners: Chloe Hill, Christina West, Kirsten v. Elverfeldt, Viktor J. Bruckman