Inter- and Transdisciplinary Sessions
Disciplinary sessions
Disciplinary sessions AS–GM
Disciplinary sessions GMPV–TS

Session programme


AS – Atmospheric Sciences

Programme group chair: Philip Stier


This session is the result of the merge of former sessions "MAX-DOAS and other scattered light DOAS systems: instruments, techniques and applications" and "Spectral imaging techniques for atmospheric trace gas remote sensing".

Shortened description of session "MAX-DOAS and other scattered light DOAS systems: instruments, techniques and applications":

Over the last years, a growing number of Multi-AXis (MAX) and other scattered light DOAS instruments is operated world wide.
By probing the troposphere in different viewing angles and from different platforms, vertical profile information on aerosols and tropospheric trace gases, in particular NO2, can be derived.
Thereby, scattered light DOAS instruments provide an essential link between in-situ measurements of trace gas concentrations and column-integrated measurements from satellite, and thus play a key role in satellite validation.

Shortened description of session "Spectral imaging techniques for atmospheric trace gas remote sensing":

In the last decades, concepts of atmospheric trace gas remote sensing instruments featuring imaging capability have been developed. Imaging vastly enhances the information content of atmospheric measurements and allows the determination of important parameters like f.i. mass fluxes (e.g. volcanic and ships SO2 emissions), or spatial gradients. It also offers opportunities to better grasp the context of the atmospheric measurements (e.g. cloudiness, horizon line, wind).
For the different fields of application yield various types of instruments targeting a large set of atmospheric species at a large range of spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution were developed. In response to operability requirements in the field, their handling and portability also differ.
This session aims at presenting research activities in the field of atmospheric remote sensing with a particular emphasis on measurement techniques based on spectral imaging.

Convener: Thomas Wagner | Co-conveners: Steffen Beirle, Michel Van Roozendael, Folkard Wittrock, Emmanuel Dekemper, Jonas KuhnECSECS, Ulrich Platt
Vilhelm Bjerknes Medal Lecture by Christoph Schär
Convener: Athanasios Nenes
AS Division Outstanding ECS Award Lecture by Guangjie Zheng
Convener: Athanasios Nenes

AS1 – Meteorology


The session welcomes papers on:

1) Forecasting and simulating high impact weather events - research on improvement of high-resolution numerical model prediction of severe weather events (such as winter storms, tropical storms, and severe mesoscale convective storms) using data from various observational platforms, evaluation of the impact of new remote sensing data;

2) Development and improvement of model numerics - basic research on advanced numerical techniques for weather and climate models (such as cloud resolving global model and high-resolution regional models specialized for extreme weather events on sub-synoptic scales);

3) Development and improvement of model physics - progress in research on advanced model physics parametrization schemes (such as stochastic physics, air-wave-oceans coupling physics, turbulent diffusion and interaction with the surface, sub-grid condensation and convection, grid-resolved cloud and precipitation, land-surface parametrization, and radiation);

4) Model evaluation - verification of model components and operational NWP products against theories and observations, regional and global re-analysis of past observations, diagnosis of data assimilation systems;

5) Data assimilation systems - progress in the development of data assimilation systems for operational applications (such as reanalysis and climate services), research on advanced methods for data assimilation on various scales (such as treatment of model and observation errors in data assimilation, and observational network design and experiments);

6) Ensemble forecasts and predictability - strategies in ensemble construction, model resolution and forecast range-related issues, and applications to data assimilation;

7) Advances and challenges in high-resolution simulations and forecasting.

Convener: Haraldur Ólafsson | Co-conveners: Jian-Wen Bao, Lisa DegenhardtECSECS

Forecasting the weather, in particular severe and extreme weather has always been the most important subject in meteorology. This session will focus on recent research and developments on forecasting techniques, in particular those designed for operations and impact oriented. Contributions related to nowcasting, meso-scale and convection permitting modelling, ensemble prediction techniques, and statistical post-processing are very welcome.
Topics may include:
- Nowcasting methods and systems, use of observations and weather analysis
- Mesoscale and convection permitting modelling
- Ensemble prediction techniques
- Ensemble-based products for severe/extreme weather forecasting
- Seamless deterministic and probabilistic forecast prediction
- Post-processing techniques, statistical methods in prediction
- Use of machine learning, data mining and other advanced analytical techniques
- Impact oriented weather forecasting
- Presentation of results from relevant international research projects of EU, WMO, and EUMETNET etc.

Solicited authors:
Franziska Schmid,Ulrich Blahak,Gabriele Franch,Jussi Leinonen
Convener: Yong Wang | Co-conveners: Aitor Atencia, Lesley De Cruz, Daniele Nerini

This session invites contributions that span all aspects of physical processes, prediction methods, predictability, societal impacts and climate services in the 2-weeks-to-2-months lead timescale. We encourage studies on

(a) the Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) and other modes of variability impacting the S2S timescale,
(b) tropical/extratropical wave dynamics,
(c) teleconnections and cross-timescale interference of climate modes of variability,
(d) stratosphere-troposphere coupling, land-atmosphere coupling, ocean-atmosphere coupling,
(e) studies of predictability and predictive skill of atmospheric or surface variables such as sea ice, snow cover, and land surface,
(f) case studies of extreme or high-impact events,
(g) impact studies, applications, and climate services at the S2S timescale including, but not limited to, the areas of hydrology, health, fire, agriculture and food security, and energy.

Convener: A.G. MuñozECSECS | Co-conveners: Daniela Domeisen, Joanne Robbins, Frederic Vitart, Christopher White

This session covers predictions of climate from seasonal to decadal timescales and their applications. With a time horizon from a few months up a few decades, such predictions are of major importance to society, and improving them presents an interesting scientific challenge. This session embraces advances in our understanding of the origins of seasonal to decadal predictability, as well as in improving the forecast skill and making the most of this information by developing and evaluating new applications and climate services.

The session welcomes contributions from dynamical as well as statistical predictions (including machine learning methods) and their combination. This includes predictions of climate phenomena, including extremes, from global to regional scales, and from seasonal to multi-decadal timescales ("seamless predictions"). The session also covers physical processes relevant to long-term predictability sources (e.g. ocean, cryosphere, or land) and predictions of large-scale atmospheric circulation anomalies associated to teleconnections as well as observational and emergent constraints on climate variability and predictability. Also relevant is the time-dependence of the predictive skill and windows of opportunity. Analysis of predictions in a multi-model framework, and ensemble forecast initialization and generation, including innovative ensemble approaches to minimize initialization shocks, are another focus of the session. The session pays particular attention to innovative methods of quality assessment and verification of climate predictions, including extreme-weather frequencies, post-processing of climate hindcasts and forecasts, and quantification and interpretation of model uncertainty. We particularly invite contributions presenting the use of seasonal-to-decadal predictions for risk assessment, adaptation and further applications.

Solicited authors:
Balakrishnan Solaraju-Murali
Co-organized by AS1/NH11/NP5/OS4
Convener: Leon Hermanson | Co-conveners: Panos J. Athanasiadis, Bianca MezzinaECSECS, Leonard BorchertECSECS, André Düsterhus

Statistical post-processing techniques for weather, climate, and hydrological forecasts are powerful approaches to compensate for effects of errors in model structure or initial conditions, and to calibrate inaccurately dispersed ensembles. These techniques are now an integral part of many forecasting suites and are used in many end-user applications such as wind energy production or flood warning systems. Many of these techniques are flourishing in the statistical, meteorological, climatological, hydrological, and engineering communities. The methods range in complexity from simple bias correction up to very sophisticated distribution-adjusting techniques that take into account correlations among the prognostic variables.

At the same time, a lot of efforts are put in combining multiple forecasting sources in order to get reliable and seamless forecasts on time ranges from minutes to weeks. Such blending techniques are currently developed in many meteorological centers. These forecasting systems are indispensable for societal decision making, for instance to help better prepare for adverse weather. Thus, there is a need for objective statistical framework for "forecast verification'', i.e. qualitative and quantitative assessment of forecast performance.

In this session, we invite presentations dealing with both theoretical developments in statistical post-processing and evaluation of their performances in different practical applications oriented toward environmental predictions, and new developments dealing with the problem of combining or blending different types of forecasts in order to improve reliability from very short to long time scales.

Solicited authors:
Barbara Casati
Co-organized by AS1/CL5/HS13
Convener: Maxime TaillardatECSECS | Co-conveners: Stéphane Vannitsem, Jochen Broecker, Sebastian LerchECSECS, Stephan HemriECSECS, Daniel S. Wilks, Julie BessacECSECS

As the societal impacts of hazardous weather and other environmental pressures grow, the need for integrated predictions which can represent the numerous feedbacks and linkages between physical and chemical atmospheric processes is greater than ever. This has led to development of a new generation of high resolution multi-scale coupled prediction tools to represent the two-way interactions between aerosols, chemical composition, meteorological processes such as radiation and cloud microphysics.

Contributions are invited on different aspects of integrated model and data assimilation development, evaluation and understanding. A number of application areas of new integrated modelling developments are expected to be considered, including:

i) improved numerical weather prediction and chemical weather forecasting with feedbacks between aerosols, chemistry and meteorology,
ii) two-way interactions between atmospheric composition and climate variability.
This session aims to share experience and best practice in integrated prediction, including:
a) strategy and framework for online integrated meteorology-chemistry modelling;
b) progress on design and development of seamless coupled prediction systems;
c) improved parameterisation of weather-composition feedbacks;
d) data assimilation developments;
e) evaluation, validation, and applications of integrated systems.

This Section is organised in cooperation with the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) and the WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme.
This year session is dedicated to the Global Air Quality Forecasting and Information Systems (GAFIS) - an initiative of WMO and several international organizations - to enable and provide science-based air quality forecasting and information services in a globally harmonized and standardized way tailored to the needs of society.

Co-sponsored by WMO and CAMS
Convener: Alexander Baklanov | Co-conveners: Johannes Flemming, Georg Grell, Lu RenECSECS

This session deals with atmospheric convection, being dry, shallow, or deep convection. Contributions on these aspects resulting from the use of large-eddy simulations, convection-permitting simulations, coarser-resolution simulations using parameterised convection and observations are welcome. Studies that investigate the organization of convection, being in idealized set-ups (radiative convective equilibrium and self-aggregation) or in observations, as well as studies that investigate the importance of organization for climate are welcome. Besides this, studies that investigate general aspects of convection such as processes controlling the lifecycle of convection, interactions of convection with other physical processes and representation of convection in numerical weather prediction and climate models, being for instance through the use of machine learning techniques, are also welcome.

Convener: Cathy Hohenegger | Co-conveners: Leo Donner, Adrian Tompkins, Holger Tost

The uncertain response of clouds to global warming is a major contributor to the spread in climate sensitivity across climate models. Cloud feedback uncertainty is related to a limited understanding of the coupling between clouds, convection and the large-scale circulation across various spatial and temporal scales. This session focuses on efforts to advance our understanding of the cloud-circulation coupling and its role in climate change. Contributions from dedicated field campaigns such as EUREC4A/ATOMIC, from various observing platforms like ground-based and satellite remote sensing or in situ measurements, as well as modelling and theoretical studies are welcomed. We also invite abstracts focusing on the role of convective organization, precipitation and aerosols in modulating the cloud-circulation coupling and cloud feedbacks.

Solicited authors:
Pornampai Narenpitak
Convener: Raphaela Vogel | Co-conveners: Claudia Acquistapace, Leif Denby, Ann Kristin Naumann, Isabel L. McCoy

Mesoscale and severe convection are known to be important precipitation producing processes over land. They are often associated with hazardous weather (e.g. damaging winds, hail, lightning, tornadoes, extreme precipitation and flooding), which we already see is becoming more frequent in many regions with climate change. At the same time, these storms remain difficult to predict throughout all lifecycle stages from initiation to upscale growth and dissipation.
The aim of this session is to gain an improved understanding of mesoscale and severe convective processes over land from a non-idealised perspective for current and future periods.
We invite contributions focussing on the underlying storm dynamics and microphysics, upscale effects, advances in modelling and predictability of these storm systems, and their impacts. We also invite contributions on the driving processes of the formation and evolution of severe convection, and how these factors explain spatio-temporal patterns of storm intensity, precipitation and on-the-ground hazards. This includes contributions on land-convection interactions in connection with mesoscale and severe storms, e.g. effects of complex topography, soil moisture feedbacks, or land use / land use change including e.g. urbanisation, deforestation or irrigation.
Contributions focussing on individual extreme events or giving climatological perspectives including future climates are welcome, as are studies relying on remote sensing data, in-situ observations, or high-resolution models, especially those that explicitly resolve convection.

Convener: Julia CurioECSECS | Co-conveners: Kalli Furtado, Cornelia KleinECSECS, Jian Li, Julia KukuliesECSECS
AS1.10 EDI

Cold clouds (mixed-phase and ice) play an important role in the Earth’s radiation budget because of their high temporal and spatial coverage and their interaction with long wave and short wave radiation. Yet, the variability and complexity of their macro- and microphysical properties, the consequence of intricate ice particle nucleation and growth processes, makes their study extremely challenging. As a result, large uncertainties still exist in our understanding of cold cloud processes, their radiative effects, and their interaction with their environment (in particular, aerosols).

This session aims to advance our comprehension of cold clouds by bringing observation- and modelling-based research together.

A diversity of research topics shall be covered, highlighting recent advances in cloud observation techniques, modelling and subsequent process studies:

(1) Airborne, space borne, ground- or laboratory-based measurements and their derived products (retrievals), which are useful to constrain cloud properties like extent, emissivity, or crystal size distributions, to clarify formation mechanisms, and to provide climatology.

(2) Process-based, regional and global model simulations that employ observations for better representation of cloud microphysical properties and radiative forcing under both current and future climate.

The synthesis of these approaches can uniquely answer questions regarding dynamical influence on cloud formation, life cycle, coverage, microphysical and radiative properties, crystal shapes, sizes and variability of ice particles in mixed-phase as well as ice clouds. Joint observation-modelling contributions are therefore particularly encouraged.

Convener: Luisa Ickes | Co-conveners: Odran Sourdeval, Hinrich Grothe, Christian Rolf, Georgia SotiropoulouECSECS
AS1.11 EDI

Clouds play an important role in the Polar climate due to their interaction with radiation and their role in the hydrological cycle linking poleward water vapour transport with precipitation. Cloud and precipitation properties depend on the atmospheric dynamics and moisture sources and transport, as well as on aerosol particles, which can act as cloud condensation and ice nuclei. These processes are complex and are not well represented in the models. While measurements of cloud and precipitation microphysical properties in the Arctic and Antarctic regions are challenging, they are highly needed to evaluate and improve cloud processes representation in the models used for polar and global climate and cryosphere projections.

This session aims at bringing together researchers using observational and/or modeling approaches (at various scales) to improve our understanding of polar tropospheric clouds, precipitation, and related mechanisms and impacts. Contributions are invited on various relevant processes including (but not limited to):
- Drivers of cloud/precipitation microphysics at high latitudes,
- Sources of cloud nuclei both at local and long range,
- Linkages of polar clouds/precipitation to the moisture sources and transport, including including extreme transport events (e.g., atmospheric rivers, moisture intrusions),
- Relationship of moisture/cloud/precipitation processes to the atmospheric dynamics, ranging from synoptic and meso-scale processes to teleconnections and climate indices,
- Interactions between clouds and radiation, including impacts on the surface energy balance,
- Impacts that the clouds/precipitation in the Polar Regions have on the polar and global climate system, surface mass and energy balance, sea ice and ecosystems.

Papers including new methodologies specific to polar regions are encouraged, such as (i) improving polar cloud/precipitation parameterizations in atmospheric models, moisture transport events detection and attribution methods specifically in the high latitudes, and (ii) advancing observations of polar clouds and precipitation. We would like to emphasize collaborative observational and modeling activities, such as the Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP), Polar-CORDEX, the (AC)3 project on Arctic Amplification, MOSAiC and other measurement campaigns in the Arctic and Southern Ocean/Antarctica and encourage related contributions.

Solicited authors:
Jonathan Wille
Co-organized by CL4/CR7
Convener: Irina V. Gorodetskaya | Co-conveners: Tom Lachlan-Cope, Penny Rowe, Susanne Crewell, Manfred Wendisch
AS1.12 EDI

Storm and convective-scale weather data analysis and prediction still present significant challenges for atmospheric sciences.
Addressing these challenges requires a synergy of advances in high-resolution observations, modeling, and data assimilation.
Especially assimilating satellite observations bears great potential for improving future storm-scale predictions.

This session invites contributions from developments in
● Convective-scale data assimilation techniques and models
● Active and passive satellite data assimilation
● Assessment of the impact of satellite and convective-scale data assimilation on prediction
● Model uncertainty representation in convective scale data assimilation
● Observations at convective scales: data products, observing strategies, observation operators, remote sensing, and new technologies
● Machine learning in convective scale data assimilation and forecasting

Solicited authors:
Jussi Leinonen
Convener: Tomislava Vukicevic | Co-conveners: Isaac Moradi, Tijana Janjic, Derek J. Posselt, Tobias NeckerECSECS, M. Bateni
AS1.13 EDI

The understanding of tropical phenomena and their representation in numerical models still raise important scientific and technical questions, particularly in the coupling between the dynamics and diabatic processes. Among these phenomena, tropical cyclones (TC) are of critical interest because of their societal impacts and because of uncertainties in how their characteristics (cyclogenesis processes, occurrence, intensity, latitudinal extension, translation speed) will change in the framework of global climate change. The monitoring of TCs, their forecasts at short to medium ranges, and the prediction of TC activity at extended range (15-30 days) and seasonal range are also of great societal interest.

The aim of the session is to promote discussions between scientists focusing on the physics and dynamics of tropical phenomena. This session is thus open to contributions on all aspects of tropical meteorology between the convective and planetary scale, such as:

- Tropical cyclones,
- Convective organisation,
- Diurnal variations,
- Local circulations (i.e. island, see-breeze, etc.),
- Monsoon depressions,
- Equatorial waves and other synoptic waves (African easterly waves, etc.),
- The Madden-Julian oscillation,
- etc.

We especially encourage contributions of observational analyses and modelling studies of tropical cyclones and other synoptic-scale tropical disturbances including the physics and dynamics of their formation, structure, and intensity, and mechanisms of variability of these disturbances on intraseasonal to interannual and climate time scales.
Findings from recent field campaigns are also encouraged.

Convener: Enrico Scoccimarro | Co-conveners: Allison Wing, Alyssa Stansfield, Eric Maloney

This session investigates mid-latitude to subtropical cyclones and storms on both hemispheres. We invite studies considering cyclones in different stages of their life cycles from the initial development, to large- and synoptic-scale conditions influencing their growth to a severe storm, up to their dissipation and related socioeconomic impacts. We also welcome studies investigating these weather systems and their climate controls in subtropical regions of both hemispheres.

Papers are welcome, which focus also on the diagnostic of observed past and recent trends, as well as on future storm development under changed climate conditions. This will include storm predictability studies on different scales. Finally, the session will also invite studies investigating impacts related to storms: Papers are welcome dealing with vulnerability, diagnostics of sensitive social and infrastructural categories and affected areas of risk for property damages. Which risk transfer mechanisms are currently used, depending on insured and economic losses? Which mechanisms (e.g. new reinsurance products) are already implemented or will be developed in order to adapt to future loss expectations?

Solicited authors:
Emmanouil Flaounas
Co-organized by CL4/NH1
Convener: Gregor C. Leckebusch | Co-conveners: Neil HartECSECS, Jennifer Catto, Joaquim G. Pinto, Irina Rudeva, Uwe Ulbrich, Marcia ZilliECSECS

ENSO and its interactions with other tropical basins are the dominant source of interannual climate variability in the tropics and across the globe. Understanding the dynamics, predictability, and impacts of ENSO and tropical basins interactions, and anticipating their future changes are thus of vital importance for society. This session invites contributions regarding all aspects of ENSO and tropical basins interactions, including: dynamics, multi-scale interactions; decadal and paleo variability; theoretical approaches; ENSO diversity; global teleconnections; impacts on climate, society and ecosystems; seasonal forecasting and climate change projections of tropical mean state changes, ENSO and its tropical basins interactions. Studies aimed at evaluating and improving model simulations of ENSO, the tropical mean state and the tropical basins interactions basin are especially welcomed.

Co-organized by AS1/NP2/OS1
Convener: Dietmar Dommenget | Co-conveners: Sarah Ineson, Fred Kucharski, Nicola MaherECSECS, Yann PlantonECSECS
AS1.17 EDI

Recent extreme weather and climate episodes, like the recurrent and concurrent summer heatwaves in the Northern Hemisphere or the flooding in Germany in summer 2021, highlight the need to further our understanding of linear and non-linear (quasi-stationary) planetary and synoptic-scale Rossby wave dynamics in the atmosphere, and their impacts on weather and climate events.

Abstracts are solicited that are dedicated to:
(1) The dynamics of linear wave propagation or quasi-stationarity, of wave breaking, atmospheric blocking, or jets as atmospheric Rossby waveguides. This includes the role of local and remote drivers (e.g., the tropics, Arctic, or stratosphere).
(2) Exploring the links between extreme weather/climate events and linear and non-linear Rossby waves, including wave breaking and/or blocking.
(3) Quantifying model representation of Rossby waves in climate and numerical weather prediction models, including wave propagation and breaking.
(4) Exploring the role of Rossby wave packets on predictability at lead times from medium range (~2 weeks) to seasonal time-scales. This includes blocking and wave propagation.
(5) Analyzing projected future changes in planetary or synoptic-scale Rossby waves, or in their future impacts on weather and climate events.

Solicited authors:
Andrea Lang,Jacopo Riboldi
Convener: Marie Drouard | Co-conveners: Volkmar Wirth, Kai KornhuberECSECS, Rachel White

Regional climate is often influenced by or connected to changes in remote locations, a phenomenon known as a teleconnection. Changes in the ocean, sea ice, atmosphere or land conditions in remote locations can trigger atmospheric or oceanic disturbances, which then propagate and influence the climate in one or multiple distant regions. These changes could be periodic modes of variability (such as ENSO, IOD, QBO, AMV, PDV etc.) or a response to anthropogenic forcing (such as the warming Western Tropical Pacific or the North Atlantic Warming Hole etc.). Fleshing out the teleconnections associated with such changes provides us with a clearer understanding of the variations in the climate of a particular region and may also provide a source of predictability. This session invites contributions that focus on this aspect of climate variability and yield new understanding on the origin, dynamics and predictive potential of teleconnections. The studies may be observational or modelling in nature and may be based on paleoclimatic time-scales, the historical period or future scenarios. Research on new methods to diagnose and understand teleconnections is also welcome.

Atmospheric circulation is unquestionably listed among the fundamental causes of weather and climate. The session is dedicated to all aspects of relationships between atmospheric circulation in different spatial scales and climate as well as environmental variables. Contributions concerning theoretical aspects of circulation classifications development and their applications in various tasks (climatological, and environmental), and different scales are particularly welcome as well as submissions on recent climate variability and change studied by tools of synoptic climatology.

Co-organized by AS1/OS1
Convener: Rohit GhoshECSECS | Co-conveners: Eduardo Moreno-ChamarroECSECS, Camille Li, Ileana Bladé, Daniela Matei, Agnieszka Wypych, Hadas Saaroni
AS1.19 EDI

Internal gravity waves (IGWs) still pose major questions in the study of both atmospheric and ocean sciences, and stellar physics. Important issues include IGW radiation from their various relevant sources, IGW reflection at boundaries, their propagation through and interaction with a larger-scale flow, wave-induced mean flow, wave-wave interactions in general, wave breaking and its implications for mixing, and the parameterization of these processes in models not explicitly resolving IGWs. The observational record, both on a global scale and with respect to local small-scale processes, is not yet sufficiently able to yield appropriate constraints. The session is intended to bring together experts from all fields of geophysical and astrophysical fluid dynamics working on related problems. Presentations on theoretical, modelling, experimental, and observational work with regard to all aspects of IGWs are most welcome, including those on major collaborative projects, such as DataWave.

Solicited authors:
Francois Lott
Convener: Claudia Stephan | Co-conveners: Ulrich Achatz, Chantal Staquet, Katherine GraysonECSECS

The atmospheric water cycle is a key component of the climate system, and links across many scientific disciplines. Processes interact with dynamics at different scales throughout the atmospheric life cycle of water vapour from evaporation to precipitation. This session sets the focus on understanding the interaction between processes, their dynamics and characteristics of the water cycle, covering the entire atmospheric life cycle from evaporation, atmospheric moisture transport, to cloud microphysics and precipitation processes as observed from in-situ and remote sensing instrumentation, recorded by (paleo)climate archives, and as simulated by models for past, present and future climates.

We invite studies

* focusing on the understanding and impacts of features of the atmospheric water cycle related to weather systems, such as Atmospheric Rivers, Cold-Air Outbreaks, Warm Conveyor Belts, Tropical Moisture Exports, and the global Monsoon systems;

* investigating the large-scale drivers behind the ongoing and future variability and trends within the atmospheric water cycle, from long-term observations, reanalysis data, regional to global model simulations, or (isotopic) data assimilation;

* involving and connecting field campaigns (YOPP, MOSAiC, (AC)3, ISLAS, EUREC4A, AWACA, LIAISE etc.) with forecast and reanalysis data, indicators of past hydroclimate from climate proxies such as ice cores and stalagmites, and model predictions of the future evolution of the atmospheric water cycle;

* applying methods such as tagged water tracers and Lagrangian moisture source diagnostics to identify source-sink relationships and to evaluate model simulations of the water cycle;

* using the isotopic fingerprint of atmospheric processes and weather systems to obtain new mechanistic insights into changes in the water cycle, to study exchanges between the earth surface and the atmosphere, how convection impacts cloudiness in the tropics, and how the isotopic signal from various archives can be used to reconstruct past climate variations;

* describing the global and regional state of the atmospheric water cycle with characteristics such as the recycling ratio, life time of water vapour, and moisture transport properties.

We particularly encourage contributions to link across neighbouring disciplines, such as atmospheric science, climate, paleoclimate, glaciology, and hydrology.

Solicited authors:
Jessica Keune,Adriana Bailey
Convener: Harald Sodemann | Co-conveners: Camilla F. BrunelloECSECS, Alexandre M. Ramos, Marina Duetsch, Franziska Aemisegger, Alexandre Cauquoin, Iris ThurnherrECSECS

Traditionally, hydrologists focus on the partitioning of precipitation water on the surface, into evaporation and runoff, with these fluxes being the input to their hydrologic models. However, more than half of the evaporation globally comes back as precipitation on land, ignoring an important feedback of the water cycle if the previous focus applied. Land-use and water-use changes, as well as climate variability and change alter, not only, the partitioning of water but also the atmospheric input of water as precipitation, related with this feedback, at both remote and local scales.

This session aims to:
i. investigate the remote and local atmospheric feedbacks from human interventions such as greenhouse gasses, irrigation, deforestation, and reservoirs on the water cycle, precipitation and climate, based on observations and coupled modelling approaches,
ii. investigate the use of hydroclimatic frameworks such as the Budyko framework to understand the human and climate effects on both atmospheric water input and partitioning,
iii. explore the implications of atmospheric feedbacks on the hydrologic cycle for land and water management.

Typically, studies in this session are applied studies using fundamental characteristics of the atmospheric branch of the hydrologic cycle on different scales. These fundamentals include, but are not limited to, atmospheric circulation, humidity, hydroclimate frameworks, residence times, recycling ratios, sources and sinks of atmospheric moisture, energy balance and climatic extremes. Studies may also evaluate different sources of data for atmospheric hydrology and implications for inter-comparison and meta-analysis. For example, observations networks, isotopic studies, conceptual models, Budyko-based hydro climatological assessments, back-trajectories, reanalysis and fully coupled earth system model simulations.

Solicited authors:
Francina Domínguez
Co-organized by AS1/CL3.2
Convener: Ruud van der EntECSECS | Co-conveners: Lan Wang-ErlandssonECSECS, Gonzalo Miguez Macho, Fernando Jaramillo, Christoforos Pappas
ITS2.8/AS1.23 EDI

This session explores the driving mechanism for the timing of a monsoon season, which is key for a number of climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, hydropower that are highly dependent on the spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall throughout the season. In particular, we welcome submissions advancing the link between large-scale atmospheric and oceanic systems and the timing of the onset. This session will also discuss the different definition of onset currently used by NMHS and regional climate institutes for various applications (e.g., agriculture, climate model analysis)
The session aims to bring together, amongst others, climate service providers, numerical modelers, observation community and other disciplines for onset is relevant (e.g. Hydrology, ecology and agriculture), with the aim of advancing the understanding of onset definitions and their driving mechanisms. Of particular interest are new insights on the dynamical drivers that control the timing of monsoon onset. For example: physical mechanisms, interannual and decadal variability, differences in climate change signal on onset, interactions across scales and land-atmosphere interactions. Further, we welcome studies that explore rainfall onset in a variety of contexts whether they be past, present or future change. Studies that move towards improving the forecast skill of onset at seasonal and sub-seasonal timescales are especially encouraged.

Additional topics include, though are not limited to:
- Monsoon systems under climate change
- Event based case studies (cases of very early and late onset)
- Interannual and decadal variability of rainfall in tropical regions
- Inclusion of onset in climate services in Africa
- Model evaluation on timing of onset
- Understanding the variability of onset dates on agriculture
- Coproduction of onset forecast for specific application

Convener: Teferi Dejene DemissieECSECS | Co-conveners: Caroline WainwrightECSECS, Neil HartECSECS, Elena SurovyatkinaECSECS, Masilin GudoshavaECSECS
AS1.24 EDI

Regional monsoons and the global monsoon circulation to which they belong have profound impacts on water, energy, and food security. Monsoons cause severe floods and droughts as well as undergoing variability on subseasonal, interannual and decadal-to-multi-decadal time scales. In addition to profound local effects, monsoon variability is also associated with global-scale impacts via teleconnections.

Monsoons are among the most complex phenomena involving coupled atmosphere-ocean-land interactions and remain notoriously difficult to forecast at leads times ranging from numerical weather prediction (NWP) to long-term climate projections. A better understanding of monsoon physics and dynamics, with more accurate simulation, prediction and projection of monsoon systems is therefore of great importance.

This session invites presentations on any aspects of monsoon research in present-day, future and palaeoclimate periods, involving observations, modelling, attribution, prediction and climate projection. Topics ranging from theoretical works based on idealized planets and ITCZ frameworks to the latest field campaign results are also invited, as is work on impacts, extremes, NWP modelling, S2S and decadal forecasting, and the latest CMIP6 findings.

Co-organized by CL1.2
Convener: Andrew Turner | Co-conveners: Roberta DAgostinoECSECS, Kyung-Ja Ha, Jianping Li
AS1.25 EDI

Precipitation, both liquid and solid, is a central element of the global water/energy cycle through its coupling with clouds, water vapor, atmospheric motions, ocean circulation, and land surface processes. Precipitation is also the primary source of freshwater, while it can have tremendous socio-economical impacts associated with extreme weather events such as hurricanes, floods, droughts, and landslides. Accurate and timely knowledge of precipitation characteristics at regional and global scales is essential for understanding how the Earth system operates under changing climatic conditions and for improved societal applications that range from numerical weather prediction to freshwater resource management. This session will host papers on all aspects of precipitation, especially contributions in the following four research areas: Precipitation Measurement: Precipitation measurements (amount, duration, intensity etc) by ground-based in situ sensors (e.g., rain gauges, disdrometers); estimation of accuracy of measurements, comparison of instrumentation. Precipitation Climatology: Regional and global climatology; areal distribution of measured precipitation; classification of precipitation patterns; spatial and temporal characteristics of precipitation; methodologies adopted and their uncertainties; comparative studies. Precipitation Remote Sensing: Remote sensing of precipitation (spaceborne, airborne, ground-based, underwater, or shipborne sensors); methodologies to estimate areal precipitation (interpolation, downscaling, combination of measurements and/or estimates of precipitation); methodologies used for the estimation (e.g., QPE), validation, and assessment of error and uncertainty of precipitation as estimated by remote sensors. A special focus will be on international contributions to the exploitation of the international Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission and preparations for new missions, such as Atmospheric Observing System (AOS), EUMETSAT Polar System-Second Generation (EPS-SG), and Time-Resolved Observations of Precipitation structure and storm Intensity with a Constellation of Smallsats (TROPICS), as well as new space-borne instrumentation (AMSR-3).

Convener: Silas Michaelides | Co-conveners: Yukari Takayabu, Ehsan SharifiECSECS, Chris Kidd, Giulia Panegrossi

The assessment of precipitation variability and uncertainty is crucial in a variety of applications, such as flood risk forecasting, water resource assessments, evaluation of the hydrological impacts of climate change, determination of design floods, and hydrological modelling in general. This session aims to gather contributions on research, advanced applications, and future needs in the understanding and modelling of precipitation variability, and its sources of uncertainty.

Contributions focusing on one or more of the following issues are particularly welcome:
- Novel studies aimed at the assessment and representation of different sources of uncertainty versus natural variability of precipitation.
- Methods to account for accuracy in precipitation time series due to, e.g., change and improvement of observation networks.
- Uncertainty and variability in spatially and temporally heterogeneous multi-source precipitation products.
- Estimation of precipitation variability and uncertainty at ungauged sites.
- Precipitation data assimilation.
- Process conceptualization and approaches to modelling of precipitation at different spatial and temporal scales, including model parameter identification and calibration, and sensitivity analyses to parameterization and scales of process representation.
- Modelling approaches based on ensemble simulations and methods for synthetic representation of precipitation variability and uncertainty.
- Scaling and scale invariance properties of precipitation fields in space and/or in time.
- Physically and statistically based approaches to downscale information from meteorological and climate models to spatial and temporal scales useful for hydrological modelling and applications.

Co-organized by AS1
Convener: Giuseppe Mascaro | Co-conveners: Nikolina Ban, Roberto Deidda, Chris Onof, Alin Andrei Carsteanu

Rainfall is a “collective” phenomenon emerging from numerous drops. Understanding the relation between the physics of individual drops and that of a population of drops remains an open challenge, both scientifically and at the level of practical implications. This remains true also for solid precipitation. Hence, it is much needed to better understand small scale spatio-temporal precipitation variability, which is a key driving force of the hydrological response, especially in highly heterogeneous areas (mountains, cities). This hydrological response at the catchment scale is the result of the interplay between the space-time variability of precipitation, the catchment geomorphological / pedological / ecological characteristics and antecedent hydrological conditions. Therefore, (1) accurate measurement and prediction of the spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation over a catchment and (2) the efficient and appropriate description of the catchment properties are important issues in hydrology.

This session will bring together scientists and practitioners who aim to measure and understand precipitation variability from drop scale to catchment scale as well as its hydrological consequences. Contributions addressing one or several of the following topics are especially targeted:
- Novel techniques for measuring liquid and solid precipitation variability at hydrologically relevant space and time scales (from drop to catchment scale), from in situ measurements to remote sensing techniques, and from ground-based devices to spaceborne platforms. Innovative comparison metrics are welcomed;
- Precipitation drop (or particle) size distribution and its small scale variability, including its consequences for precipitation rate retrieval algorithms for radars, commercial microwave links and other remote sensors;
- Novel modelling or characterization tools of precipitation variability from drop scale to catchment scale from various approaches (e.g. scaling, (multi-)fractal, statistic, deterministic, numerical modelling);
- Novel approaches to better identify, understand and simulate the dominant microphysical processes at work in liquid and solid precipitation.
- Applications of measured and/or modelled precipitation fields in catchment hydrological models for the purpose of process understanding or predicting hydrological response.

Co-organized by AS1/NP3
Convener: Auguste Gires | Co-conveners: Alexis Berne, Katharina Lengfeld, Taha Ouarda, Remko Uijlenhoet

The Earth's mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region is a great platform to study ionospheric dynamics, disturbances, eddy mixing, and controlling parameters. This transition region is sandwiched between the lower and upper atmosphere, which is strongly driven by the forcing from both the above (e.g., solar and magnetospheric inputs) and below (e.g., gravity waves and atmospheric tides). The thermal structure of the MLT region is controlled by numerous sources and sinks of energy, including solar radiation, chemical, and dynamical processes. Solar atmospheric tides related to global-scale variations of winds and waves are responsible for coupling the lower and upper layers of the atmosphere. During this coupling process, the precipitation of energetic particles into the MLT region also greatly influences the vertical profiles of the temperature, chemistry, and dynamics of the upper atmosphere. This is an appropriate forum/time to encourage the scientific community to present, discuss, update, and improve our understanding of dynamics, chemistry, and coupling in the MLT region which ultimately affect the electrodynamics of the whole coupled geospace environment. This session invites presentations on scientific work related to various experimental/observational techniques, numerical and empirical modeling, and theoretical analyses on the dynamics, chemistry, and coupling processes in the altitude range of ~ 60 km – 180 km of the MLT regions.

Solicited authors:
Fede Conte
Co-organized by AS1
Convener: Sovit KhadkaECSECS | Co-conveners: Claudia Stolle, Franz-Josef Lübken, Tatsuhiro Yokoyama, David Themens, Lukas KrasauskasECSECS, Andrew Akala
AS1.29 EDI

The middle atmosphere is an important region of the atmosphere because variations in its dynamics, structure and composition impact the weather and climate at the surface. For example, changes in the normal circulation of the stratosphere either due to natural internal variability (e.g., SSWs, QBO) or due to changes in its chemical composition (e.g., CO2, O3) have a dynamical downward influence onto the troposphere in different regions and at various time scales. In addition, changes in the concentration of greenhouse gases can also impact the upper atmosphere (e.g., cooling, contraction). This session presents contributions that study and monitor these phenomena, understand their consequences, and predict their future evolution using various observational, theoretical, and modelling techniques.

Solicited authors:
Edwin Gerber,Shun-Rong Zhang
Convener: Thomas Reichler | Co-conveners: Juan Antonio Añel, Bo Christiansen, Birgit Hassler, Martin Mlynczak, Peer Johannes NowackECSECS
AS1.30 EDI

The composition of the upper troposphere and the lower stratosphere (UTLS) plays a key role in the climate system. Our understanding of the interactions between dynamics, chemistry and climate in this region is rapidly advancing thanks to both observational and modelling studies. In this session, we invite presentations on dynamical, transport and chemical processes determining the variability and long-term trends in the composition of the UTLS, and related effects on radiation and dynamics. We particularly encourage contributions introducing recent observations (both in situ and remote sensing) as well as models of various complexity ranging from comprehensive chemistry climate models to idealized and conceptual models.

This year, special focus topics will include (1) the stratospheric aftermath of the historical Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai eruption in January 2022 and other extreme events (wildfires, volcanic eruptions), and (2) recent field experiments investigating the impact of summer monsoons and convective transport on the UTLS.

Solicited authors:
Laura Pan,Pasquale Sellitto
Convener: Aurélien PodglajenECSECS | Co-conveners: Marta Abalos, Felix Ploeger, Tanja Schuck, Ren SmithECSECS

Hydro-meteorological extremes such as floods, droughts, storms, or heatwaves often affect large regions therefore causing large damages and costs. Hazard and risk assessments, aiming at reducing the negative consequences of such extreme events, are often performed with a focus on one location despite the spatially compounding nature of extreme events. While spatial extremes receive a lot of attention by the media, little is known about their driving factors and it remains challenging to assess their risk by modelling approaches. Key challenges in advancing our understanding of spatial extremes and in developing new modeling approaches include the definition of multivariate events, the quantification of spatial dependence, the dealing with large dimensions, the introduction of flexible dependence structures, the estimation occurrence probabilities, the identification of potential drivers for spatial dependence, and linking different spatial scales. This session invites contributions which help to better understand processes governing spatial extremes and/or propose new ways of describing and modeling spatially compounding events at different spatial scales.

Solicited authors:
Larisa Tarasova
Co-organized by AS1/NH1
Convener: Manuela Irene BrunnerECSECS | Co-conveners: András Bárdossy, Raphael Huser, Simon M. Papalexiou, Elena Volpi

Extreme climate events have significant impacts on the environment and society. During recent decades, extreme climate events such as heatwaves, floods, droughts, extreme temperatures, heavy snowfall, and rainstorms have frequently occurred across the globe. These events have caused numerous casualties and enormous economic loss.
So far, the interannual-interdecadal variability and the long-term trend of extreme climate events have not been well understood. An important reason is that the mechanisms of extreme climate events are complex. For example, the tropical air-sea interaction, particularly ENSO, may induce flooding and/or droughts in Asia, North America, and Australia during summertime. Rapid changes in the Arctic climate including sea ice loss may induce cold surges and intense snowfall events in the mid-latitudes during the winter. However, the relationship between tropical air-sea interactions, polar climatic changes, and the occurrence of extreme climate events is poorly understood.
In addition, currently the prediction of extreme climate events is mostly poor. Better prediction of extreme climate events is urgently needed for public, which is particularly vital for decision-makers and stakeholders to devise appropriate and informed plans regarding climate change adaptation and climate disaster warning systems.
Thus, the aim of this session is to obtain a better understanding of the variability, mechanisms, and prediction of extreme climate events. We invite papers focusing on the historical changes of extreme climate events, the influences of air-sea-ice-land interaction on extreme climate events, and near-term prediction and projection of extreme climate events. Moreover, papers related to the observation, numerical simulation, attribution, and impacts of extreme climate events are also appreciated.

Co-organized by AS1
Convener: Botao Zhou | Co-conveners: Bo SunECSECS, Jianqi Sun, Shengping He, Fei Li

This session explores climate change, extremes, processes and their impacts at local to regional scales, and the tools employed to investigate these phenomena. In particular, we welcome submissions advancing the state-of-the-art in the development and application of high-resolution models (convection-permitting, grid spacing ≤ 4 km) and high-resolution sub-daily data sets. Other high-resolution data sets such as land-surface, hydrology, vegetation or similar, and their impacts on local-scale climate change and extremes, are of further interest.

The session aims to bring together, amongst others, numerical modellers, the observational community and CORDEX-FPS participants, with the aim of advancing understanding of the aforementioned topics. Of particular interest are new insights which are revealed through high-spatiotemporal-resolution modelling or data sets. For example: convective extremes, physical mechanisms, fine-scale and feedback processes, differences in climate change signal, scale-dependency of extremes, interactions across scales and land-atmosphere interactions. Further, we welcome studies that explore local scale climate change in a variety of contexts whether they be past, present or future change. Studies that move towards an earth system approach – through incorporating coupled oceans, hydrology or vegetation – are especially encouraged.

Additional topics include, though are not limited to:
-- Mesoscale convective systems and medicanes
-- Event-based case studies (including surrogate climate change experiments or attribution)
-- Approaches for quantifying uncertainty at high resolutions including multi-model ensemble and combined dynamical-statistical approaches such as emulators
-- High-resolution winds and their impacts
-- Convection, energy balance and hydrological cycle including vegetation
-- Model setup and parametrization, including sensitivity to resolution, land surface and dynamics
-- Tropical convection and convective processes at local to regional scale
-- Model evaluation and new evaluation metrics/methods
-- Physical understanding of added value over coarser models
-- Severe storms including supercell thunderstorms and hailstorms
-- The roles of natural and internal variability

Co-organized by AS1
Convener: Edmund MeredithECSECS | Co-conveners: Merja Tölle, Stefan Sobolowski, Giorgia Fosser, Erika Coppola
CL3.2.8 EDI

Recent extreme events with intensities unprecedented in the observational record are causing high impacts globally, such as the heat waves in the UK, Pacific Northwest and in parts of China and severe flooding in Pakistan, Western Europe, eastern US and across China. Some of these events would have arguably been nearly impossible without human-made climate change and broke records by large margins. Furthermore, compound behaviour, cascading effects and complex risks are becoming evident, such as the spike in food prices induced by the effects of the war in Ukraine on top of concurrent drought across regions with subsequent crop failure. Finally, continuing warming potentially increases the risk of crossing tipping points and triggering abrupt changes. In order to increase preparedness for high impact climate events, it is important to develop methods and models that are able to represent these events and the impacts from them, and to better understand how to reduce the risks.

This session aims to bring together the latest research on modelling, understanding and managing plausible past and future high impact climate events. We are interested in rare and low-probability heavy precipitation events, droughts, floods, storms and temperature extremes from time scales of hours to decades, including compound, cascading, and connected extremes, as well as the effect of tipping points and abrupt changes driven by climate change, societal response, or other mechanisms (e.g., volcanic eruption). We are interested both in these events from the perspective of the interactive earth system per se, and on their impacts, consequences, and management perspectives.

We welcome a wide variety of methods to quantify and understand high-impact climate events in the present and future climate, such as through model experiments and intercomparisons; insights from paleo archives; climate projections (including large ensembles, and unseen events); attribution studies; and the development of storylines. We invite work on tipping elements/tipping points; abrupt changes; worst case scenarios; identification of adaptation limits; and the opportunities and solutions to manage the greatest risks.

This session is informed by the World Climate Research Programme lighthouse activities on Safe Landing Pathways and Understanding High-Risk Events.

Solicited authors:
Bart van den Hurk,Alessio Ciullo
Co-organized by AS1/HS13/NH11
Convener: Timo KelderECSECS | Co-conveners: Laura Suarez-GutierrezECSECS, Peter Alexander, Henrique Moreno Dumont GoulartECSECS, Erich Fischer

ESA’s Aeolus satellite observations are expected to have the biggest impact for the improvement of numerical weather prediction in the Tropics. An especially important case relating to the evolution, dynamics, and predictability of tropical weather systems is the outflow of Saharan dust, its interaction with cloud microphysics and impact on tropical convection over the Atlantic Ocean.

The Joint Aeolus Tropical Atlantic Campaigns 2021 and 2022 (JATAC) deployed on Cabo Verde and the US Virgin Islands has a specific scientific focus on studying the Saharan Aerosol layer, African Easterly Waves and Jet, Tropical Easterly Jet, as well as the deep convection in the Intertropical Convergence Zone. These objectives relate to the genesis and life cycle of convective systems, the long-range transport of dust and its impact on air quality, and the satellite calibration/validation and preparation of future ESA and NASA missions(Aeolus, EarthCARE, AOS, WIVERN).

JATAC is building on a combination of ESA, NASA and national activities, joining several airborne and ground-based activities providing a unique scientific dataset to address the dynamics and composition in the Tropical Atlantic. This includes extensive observations by ground-based and airborne wind and aerosol lidars, Doppler radars, in-situ observations, as well as drop- and radiosondes. This is complemented by modelling activities, including data assimilation and detailed analysis by numerical weather prediction models.

Convener: Thorsten Fehr | Co-convener: Edward Nowottnick

The polar climate system is strongly affected by interactions between the atmosphere and the cryosphere. Processes that exchange heat, moisture and momentum between land ice, sea ice and the atmosphere, such as katabatic winds, blowing snow, ice melt, polynya formation and sea ice transport, play an important role in local-to-global processes. Atmosphere-ice interactions are also triggered by synoptic weather phenomena such as cold air outbreaks, polar lows, atmospheric rivers, Foehn winds and heatwaves. However, our understanding of these processes is still incomplete. Despite being a crucial milestone for reaching accurate projections of future climate change in Polar Regions, deciphering the interplay between the atmosphere, land ice and sea ice on different spatial and temporal scales, remains a major challenge.

This session aims at showcasing recent research progress and augmenting existing knowledge in polar meteorology and climate and the atmosphere-land ice-sea ice coupling in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. It will provide a setting to foster discussion and help identify gaps, tools, and studies that can be designed to address these open questions. It is also the opportunity to convey newly acquired knowledge to the community.

We invite contributions on all observational and numerical modelling aspects of Arctic and Antarctic meteorology and climatology, that address atmospheric interactions with the cryosphere. This may include but is not limited to studies on past, present and future of:
- Atmospheric processes that influence sea-ice (snow on sea ice, sea ice melt, polynya formation and sea ice production and transport) and associated feedbacks,
- The variability of the polar large-scale atmospheric circulation (such as polar jets, the circumpolar trough and storm tracks) and impact on the cryosphere (sea ice and land ice),
- Atmosphere-ice interactions triggered by synoptic and meso-scale weather phenomena such as cold air outbreaks, katabatic winds, extratropical cyclones, polar cyclones, atmospheric rivers, Foehn winds and heatwaves,
- Role of clouds in polar climate and impact on the land ice and sea ice through interactions with radiation,
- Teleconnections and climate indices and their role in land ice/sea ice variability.

Solicited authors:
Thomas Mote,Kristiina Verro
Co-organized by AS1/OS1
Convener: Diana Francis | Co-convener: Michiel van den Broeke

Analysis of energy transfers between and within climate components has been at the core of many step changes in the understanding of the climate system. Large-scale atmospheric circulation, hydrological cycle and heat/moisture transports are tightly intertwined. Dynamics and radiative exchanges are linked at the global scale, through the net impact of cloud feedbacks, sea-ice albedo changes, surface absorption by vegetation.

In the Tropics, the zonal mean Hadley circulation determines meridional energy transports, while Rossby and planetary-scale waves modulate the energy exchanges carried by extratropical eddies. In the ocean, the role of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation is essential for the heat budget of continental regions in the Northern Hemisphere: long-term oceanic and sea-ice variability is crucial to understand and predict the dynamics in high latitudes. Observational and model studies have indeed shown that the Arctic is very susceptible to climate change, and climate perturbations in the Arctic likely have wide-spread influence. High-latitude atmosphere, biosphere, oceans and cryosphere have experienced significant changes over the observational era. Hence, advancing the understanding of variability and change, governing mechanisms and global implications, improving predictions and projections of high latitude climate in both hemispheres is highly important for global society.

We invite submissions on the interplay between Earth’s energy exchanges and the general circulation through modeling, theory, and observations, on the forced response and natural variability of the general circulation, understanding present-day climate, past and future changes, impacts of global features and change on regional climate. This session also aims to improve knowledge and representation of the multi-scale mechanisms that control high-latitude climate variability and predictability in both hemispheres from sub-seasonal to multi-decadal and longer time scales. We thus invite contributions on the causes, mechanisms and climate feedbacks associated with the Arctic and Antarctic climate, ocean and sea ice change, including the potential links of the pronounced Arctic amplification to weather and climate outside the Arctic, and teleconnections of high latitude climate with lower latitude climate. We also aim to link climate variability, predictions and projections to potential ecosystem and socio-economic impacts and encourage submissions on this topic.

Solicited authors:
Eduardo Moreno-Chamarro
Co-organized by AS1/NP2/OS1
Convener: Valerio LemboECSECS | Co-conveners: Richard Bintanja, Roberta DAgostinoECSECS, David Ferreira, Neven-Stjepan Fuckar, Rune Grand Graversen, Joakim Kjellsson

Abstracts are solicited related to the understanding and prediction of weather, climate and geophysical extremes, from both an applied and theoretical viewpoint.

In this session we propose to group together the traditional geophysical sciences and more mathematical/statistical and impacts-oriented approaches to the study of extremes. We aim to highlight the complementary nature of these viewpoints, with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of extreme events. This session is a contribution to the EDIPI ITN, XAIDA and CLINT H2020 projects, and we welcome submissions from both project participants and the broader scientific community.

Potential topics of interest include but are not limited to the following:

· Dynamical systems theory and other theoretical perspectives on extreme events;
· Data-driven approaches to study extreme events, incl. machine learning;
· Representation of extreme events in climate models;
· Downscaling of weather and climate extremes;
· How extremes have varied or are likely to vary under climate change;
· Attribution of extreme events;
· Early warning systems and forecasts of extreme events;
· Linking the dynamics of extreme events to their impacts.

Solicited authors:
Tommaso Alberti,Emily Boyd
Co-organized by AS1/CL3.1
Convener: Gabriele Messori | Co-conveners: Davide Faranda, Carmen Alvarez-Castro, Emma AllwrightECSECS, Meriem KroumaECSECS

A global increase in the occurrence of extreme wildfire events urges the need to understand how fires respond to weather and climate variability at a spectrum of scales. In particular, 2022 European heatwaves triggered extreme wildfire conditions across the continent, setting off the alarms and raising questions about how devastating future fire seasons will be. Across many regions, future increases on current fire extremes will also bring significant ecological and societal impacts.

This session aims to bring together researchers from a range of disciplines to explore the changing meteorological and climatological dynamics of extreme wildfires along with their impacts on societies and ecosystems, spanning from atmospheric and fire turbulence to longer term climate interactions including future projections of climate change, and impacts of changing fire regimes such as on air quality, post-vegetation, or economic damage. This session welcomes observation and modelling research advancing our knowledge in weather and climate dynamics influencing extreme wildfire behaviour and their impacts, such as:

• Observational studies investigating impacts of weather processes on fire behaviour
• Numerical weather modelling studies for understanding weather processes influencing extreme fire behaviour
• Coupled numerical weather and fire spread modelling studies modulating fire behaviour across atmospheric scales
• Case studies of past wildfire events
• Global and regional modelling of present-day or future wildfire extremes and their impacts.
• Advances in fire behaviour modelling and prediction

Solicited authors:
Dongqi Lin,Andres Valenica
Co-organized by AS1
Convener: Marwan Katurji | Co-conveners: Olivia Haas, Matthew Kasoar, Theo Keeping, Andres ValenicaECSECS, Dongqi Lin

Lagrangian tools allow to predict the dispersion of pollutants and track down their sources, to capture unresolved physics, and to reveal transport pathways and barriers between flow regimes of fluid parcels that have different dynamical fates. As such, Lagrangian methods are used in a vast array of applications from turbulent scales to planetary scales in the atmosphere, oceans, and cryosphere.

This session will focus on studies in geophysical fluids including atmospheres and oceans (on Earth and elsewhere) that are approached from a Lagrangian perspective, so as to promote collaboration between scientists with experimental and theoretical backgrounds.

We invite presentations on topics including – but not limited to – the following:
- Large-scale circulation studies (jets, gyres, overturning circulations) using direct Lagrangian modeling and/or age and chemical tracers;
- Exchanges between reservoirs and mixing studies (e.g. transport barriers in the stratosphere and in the ocean, stratosphere-troposphere exchange);
- Tracking long-range anthropogenic and natural influence (e.g. effects of recent volcanic eruptions and wildfire smoke plumes on the composition, chemistry, and dynamics of the stratosphere, transport of pollutants, dusts, aerosols, plastics, and fluid parcels at large, cirrus seeding by aviation, etc);
- Turbulent flows;
- Lagrangian Coherent Structures;
- Model, reanalysis, and climate assessment;
- Tool development, numerical and computational advances.

Co-organized by AS1/CL5/OS4
Convener: Louis RivoireECSECS | Co-conveners: Jezabel Curbelo, Bernard Legras

Lightning is the energetic manifestation of electrical breakdown in the atmosphere, occurring as a result of charge separation processes operating on micro and macro-scales, leading to strong electric fields within thunderstorms. Lightning is associated with tropical storms and severe weather, torrential rains and flash floods. It has significant effects on various atmospheric layers and drives the fair-weather electric field. It is a strong indicator of convective processes on regional and global scales, potentially associated with climate change. Thunderstorms and lightning are also associated with the production of energetic radiation up to tens of MeV on time scales from sub-millisecond (Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes) to tens of seconds (gamma-ray glows).

This session seeks contributions from research in atmospheric electricity with emphasis on:

Atmospheric electricity in fair weather and the global electrical circuit
Effects of dust and volcanic ash on atmospheric electricity
Thunderstorm dynamics and microphysics
Middle atmospheric Transient Luminous Events
Energetic radiation from thunderstorms and lightning
Experimental investigations of lightning discharge physics processes
Remote sensing of lightning and related phenomena by space-based sensors
Thunderstorms, flash floods, tropical storms and severe weather
Modeling of thunderstorms and lightning
Now-casting and forecasting of thunderstorms using machine learning and AI
Regional and global lightning detection networks
Lightning Safety and its Societal Effects

Co-organized by AS1, co-sponsored by AGU and AGU-ASE
Convener: Yoav Yair | Co-conveners: Karen Aplin, Sonja Behnke, David Sarria, Serge Soula

AS2 – Boundary Layer Processes


Driven by atmospheric turbulence, and integrating surface processes to free atmospheric conditions, the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL) plays a key role not only in weather and climate, but also in air quality and wind/solar energy. It is in this context that this session invites theoretical, numerical and observational studies ranging from fundamental aspects of atmospheric turbulence, to parameterizations of the boundary layer, and to renewable energy or air pollution applications. Below we propose a list of the topics included:

- Observational methods in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer
- Simulation and modelling of ABL: from turbulence to boundary layer schemes
- Stable Boundary Layers, gravity waves and intermittency
- Evening and morning transitions of the ABL
- Convective processes in the ABL
- Boundary Layer Clouds and turbulence-fog interactions
- Micro-Mesoscale interactions
- Micrometeorology in complex terrain
- Agricultural and Forest processes in the ABL
- Diffusion and transport of constituents in the ABL
- Turbulence and Air Quality applications
- Turbulence and Wind Energy applications

Solicited talks:
- Dr. Joan Cuxart, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Spain: Evapotranspiration: spatial variability in semiarid terrain at the sub-daily scale.

- Dr. Volker Wulfmeyer, University of Hohenheim, Germany: Studies of land-atmosphere feedback with a new synergy of observing systems.

Solicited authors:
Joan Cuxart,Volker Wulfmeyer
Convener: Carlos Yagüe | Co-convener: Jielun Sun

This session is intended to provide an interdisciplinary forum to bring together researchers working in the areas of high-latitude meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, air quality, biogeochemistry, stable isotope research, oceanography, and climate.

The emphasis is on the role of boundary layer processes that mediate exchange of heat, momentum and mass between the Earth's surface (snow, sea-ice, ocean and land) and the atmosphere as well as the local to large-scale influences on these exchanges. An adequate understanding and quantification of these processes is necessary to improve modeling and prediction of future changes in the polar regions and their teleconnections with mid-latitude weather and climate, including meridional transport of heat, moisture, chemical trace species, aerosols and isotopic tracers; and regional emission and vertical mixing of climate active trace gases and aerosol, such as cloud-forming particles (CCN/INP) and their precursors.
It is expected that the recent implementation of new measurements such as those from pan-Arctic water vapor isotope networks, observations such as those obtained during the ALPACA and MOSAiC field campaigns, data from existing networks, and modeling efforts, e.g. within CRiceS and PolarRES, will help diagnose long-range and local moisture and aerosol sources as well as the coupling between local and large-scale dynamics and their impacts on climate, health and ecosystems.

We encourage submissions such as (but not limited to):
(1) External controls on the boundary layer such as clouds, radiation and long-range transport processes
(2) Results from field programs, such as ALPACA and MOSAiC, and routine observatories, insights from laboratory studies, and advances in modeling and reanalysis,
(3) Use of data from pan-Arctic and Antarctic observing networks,
(4) Surface processes involving snow, sea-ice, ocean, land/atmosphere chemical and isotope exchanges, and natural aerosol sources
(5) Studies on atmospheric chemistry and air pollution studies in the polar winter
(6) The role of boundary layers in polar climate change and implications of climate change for surface exchange processes, especially in the context of reduced sea ice, wetter snow packs, increased glacial discharge and physical and chemical changes associated with an increasing fraction of first year ice and increasing open water.

Convener: Julia Schmale | Co-conveners: William Neff, Inès OllivierECSECS, Markus Frey

Air-sea interactions play a key role in the climate system. The ocean and atmosphere are intricately linked through the exchanges of momentum, mass, and energy. This drives processes on a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, from localised extreme events to the global climate. Air-sea interactions can dramatically impact extreme events such as tropical cyclones, marine heat waves, high precipitation events, and sea storms. They also shape the large-scale oceanic and atmospheric circulation affecting, for example, mesoscale eddies, Western Boundary Currents, convective precipitation, the Intertropical Convergence Zone, and ocean CO2 uptake. The complexity of air-sea interactions makes it hard to disentangle the different mechanisms at play, identify the driving processes, and properly model and parametrize them. This often results in widespread and persistent biases in coupled ocean-atmosphere models. Improving our knowledge of the physical and biogeochemical processes involved, through modeling or observations, is of fundamental importance to deepen our understanding of the Earth system and to improve the reliability of future projections as well as weather and ocean forecasts. This session aims to gather research efforts on air-sea interaction on global and regional scales over multiple temporal scales from interdisciplinary studies, modeling efforts, satellite, and in situ observations. This includes but is not limited to: turbulent air-sea fluxes, mesoscale eddies impact on CO2 fluxes, SSTs coupling with the atmospheric dynamic, tropical cyclones and cyclogenesis, extreme events onset, intensification and decay, parametrization of air-sea interactions, biases in coupled models, thermal and currents feedback, sea-spray role in air-sea exchanges and cloud formation.

Solicited authors:
Sabrina Speich
Co-organized by AS2
Convener: Chiara De FalcoECSECS | Co-conveners: Priscilla Mooney, Fabien Desbiolles, John C. Warner, Seb Swart

The session is addressed to experimentalists and modellers working on air-land interactions from local to regional scales, in vegetated and/or urban systems. The programme is open to a wide range of new studies in micrometeorology and related atmospheric and remote sensing disciplines. The topics include the development of new devices, measurement techniques, experimental design, data analysis methods, as well as novel findings on surface layer theory and parametrization, including local and non-local processes. The theoretical parts encompass soil-vegetation-atmosphere transport, internal boundary-layer theories and flux footprint analyses. Of special interest are synergistic studies employing experimental data, parametrizations and models. This includes energy and trace gas fluxes (inert and reactive) as well as water, carbon dioxide and other GHG fluxes. Specific focus is given to outstanding problems in land surface boundary layer descriptions such as complex terrain, effects of horizontal heterogeneity on sub-meso-scale transport processes, energy balance closure, stable stratification and night time fluxes, dynamic interactions with atmosphere, plants (in canopy and above canopy) and soils.

Solicited authors:
Andreas Christen
Co-sponsored by iLEAPS and ICOS
Convener: Natascha Kljun | Co-conveners: Anne KlosterhalfenECSECS, Matthias Mauder, Christoph Thomas

Land–atmosphere interactions often play a decisive role in shaping climate extremes. As climate change continues to exacerbate the occurrence of extreme events, a key challenge is to unravel how land states regulate the occurrence of droughts, heatwaves, intense precipitation and other extreme events. This session focuses on how natural and managed land surface conditions (e.g., soil moisture, soil temperature, vegetation state, surface albedo, snow or frozen soil) interact with other components of the climate system – via water, heat and carbon exchanges – and how these interactions affect the state and evolution of the atmospheric boundary layer. Moreover, emphasis is placed on the role of these interactions in alleviating or aggravating the occurrence and impacts of extreme events. We welcome studies using field measurements, remote sensing observations, theory and modelling to analyse this interplay under past, present and/or future climates and at scales ranging from local to global but with emphasis on larger scales.

Solicited authors:
Gregory Duveiller,Julia K. Green
Co-organized by AS2/BG9/HS13/NH11
Convener: Adriaan J. (Ryan) Teuling | Co-conveners: Wim ThieryECSECS, Diego G. Miralles, Sonia Seneviratne, Gianpaolo Balsamo

Ocean-atmosphere flux exchanges of biogeochemically active constituents have significant impacts on global biogeochemistry and climate. Increasing atmospheric deposition of anthropogenically-derived nutrients (e.g., nitrogen, phosphorus, iron) to the ocean influences marine productivity and has associated impacts on oceanic CO2 uptake, and emissions to the atmosphere of climate active species (e.g., nitrous-oxide (N2O), dimethyl-sulfide (DMS), marine organic compounds and halogenated species). Atmospheric inputs of toxic substances (e.g., lead, mercury, cadmium, copper, persistent organic pollutants) into the ocean are also of concern for their impact on ocean ecosystem health. In recent decades the intensive use of plastics has led to significant levels of persistent micro- and nano- plastics being transported into the marine atmosphere and to the ocean, with considerable uncertainty remaining on transport pathways and oceanic impacts. Other influential recent changes include emission reductions for air pollution abatement which have resulted in changes in cloud and aerosol chemical composition, affecting atmospheric acidity, associated chemical processing and impacts via atmospheric deposition on ocean biogeochemistry.

In turn, oceanic emissions of reactive species and greenhouse gases influence atmospheric chemistry and global climate, and induce potentially important chemistry-climate feedbacks. While advances have been made by laboratory, field, and modelling studies over the past decade, we still lack understanding of many of the physical and biogeochemical processes linking atmospheric deposition of chemicals, nutrient availability, marine biological productivity, trace-gas sources and sinks and the biogeochemical cycles governing air-sea fluxes of these climate active species, as well as on the atmosphere-ocean cycle of microplastics and its impact on the environment and climate.
This session will address the above issues on the atmospheric deposition of nutrients and toxic substances to the ocean, the impacts on ocean biogeochemistry, and also the ocean to atmosphere fluxes of climate active species and potential feedbacks to climate. We welcome new findings from measurement programmes (laboratory, in-situ and remote sensing) and atmospheric and oceanic numerical models.
This session is jointly sponsored by GESAMP Working Group 38 on ‘The Atmospheric Input of Chemicals to the Ocean’ and the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS).

Convener: Maria Kanakidou | Co-conveners: Parvadha Suntharalingam, Akinori Ito, Robert Duce, Cécile Guieu

AS3 – Atmospheric Composition, Chemistry and Aerosols


Aerosol particles are key components of the earth system; important in dictating radiative balance, human health, and other areas of key societal concern. Understanding their formation, evolution and impacts relies on developments from multiple disciplines covering both experimental laboratory work, field studies and numerical modeling. In this general session all topics of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics are covered. Contributions from aerosol laboratory, field, remote sensing and model studies are all highly encouraged.
Alongside general contributions, this year we also propose a focus on the importance and impact of aerosols in future climate scenarios. As we move towards a net-zero society, there is increasing pressure to reduce global carbon emissions. Across the world, multiple countries have begun to make ambitious commitments, including decarbonisation of multiple sectors. However, we need to avoid the unintended consequences of ‘carbon myopia’, where changes in policy lead to both desired and unexpected changes in atmospheric composition and thus impacts on multiple earth systems and human health. We thus invite submissions that fall within this broad topic. This could include:
• Evaluating the performance of current aerosol parameterisations in global climate models.
• Aerosol-cloud interactions and radiative transfer.
• Development of new methods to fuse heterogenous data sources with process models for improved climate projections.
• Advances in sampling technologies for source and process apportionment.
• Co-benefits assessment of clean air and carbon emission reduction for ecosystems and health under climate change.

Convener: David Topping | Co-conveners: Emily MatthewsECSECS, Siegfried SchobesbergerECSECS, Annele Virtanen, Zhonghua ZhengECSECS

Clouds and aerosols play a key role in climate and weather-related processes over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. An initial forcing due to changes in the aerosol concentration and composition may also be enhanced or dampened by feedback processes such as modified cloud dynamics, surface exchange or atmospheric circulation patterns. This session aims to link research activities in observations and modelling of radiative, dynamical and microphysical processes of clouds, aerosols, and their interactions. Studies addressing several aspects of the aerosol-cloud-radiation-precipitation system are encouraged. Contributions related to the EU project “Constrained aerosol forcing for improved climate projections (FORCeS) are also invited.

Topics covered in this session include, but are not limited to:
- Cloud and aerosol macro- and microphysical properties, precipitation formation mechanisms and their role in the energy budget
- Observational constraints on aerosol-cloud interactions
- Use of observational simulators to constrain aerosols, clouds and their radiative effects in models
- Experimental cloud and aerosol studies
- High-resolution modelling, including large-eddy simulation and cloud-resolving models
- Parameterization of cloud and aerosol microphysics/dynamics/radiation processes
- Interactions between aerosols and regional circulation systems and precipitation patterns
- Aerosol, cloud and radiation interactions and feedbacks on the hydrological cycle, regional and global climate

Solicited authors:
Nicole Riemer,Ulrike Lohmann
Convener: Edward Gryspeerdt | Co-conveners: Annica Ekman, Geeta PersadECSECS, Anna PossnerECSECS

The radiation budget of the Earth is a key determinant for the genesis and evolution of climate on our planet and provides the primary energy source for life. Anthropogenic interference with climate occurs first of all through a perturbation of the Earth radiation balance. We invite observational and modelling papers on all aspects of radiation in the climate system. A specific aim of this session is to bring together newly available information on the spatial and temporal variation of radiative and energy fluxes at the surface, within the atmosphere and at the top of atmosphere. This information may be obtained from direct measurements, satellite-derived products, climate modelling as well as process studies. Scales considered may range from local radiation and energy balance studies to continental and global scales. In addition, related studies on the spatial and temporal variation of cloud properties, albedo, water vapour and aerosols, which are essential for our understanding of radiative forcings, feedbacks, and related climate change, are encouraged. Studies focusing on the impact of radiative forcings on the various components of the climate system, such as on the hydrological cycle, on the cryosphere or on the biosphere and related carbon cycle, are also much appreciated.

Solicited authors:
Norman Loeb
Co-organized by AS3
Convener: Martin Wild | Co-conveners: Jörg Trentmann, Maria Z. HakubaECSECS, Paul Stackhouse

Chemistry and aerosols play a major role in determining surface air quality, the Earth’s energy budget, and climate change. Conversely, climate change affects atmospheric abundances of trace gases and aerosols through composition-climate interactions. This session focuses on global scale atmospheric chemistry and aerosol modelling, radiative forcing, and climate change through the historical period and into the future. In particular, it aims to bring together scientists with an interest in:

• evaluating reactive gases and aerosols in models against observations
• quantifying the impact of emissions changes on atmospheric composition
• exploring chemistry-climate interactions in models, with a focus on climate feedbacks involving trace gases and aerosols
• quantifying radiative forcing and the climate response to changes in trace gas and aerosol concentrations
• the contribution of biogenic emissions to the climate impact of trace gas and aerosol concentrations
• evaluating regional trends in temperature, hydroclimate, and extreme events driven by aerosol changes

The session welcomes contributions from those currently involved in analysis of recent and ongoing CMIP6 experiments focusing on the areas above, and invites submission of abstracts in the following areas:
• Global and regional evaluation of CMIP, CCMI and HTAP models and variability across different spatial and temporal scales.
• The effects of aerosols on decadal climate variability, extremes, and teleconnections, and their interactions with modes of variability
• Modelling studies to understand the cause and impact of changes in atmospheric composition in the past and future periods
• Quantification of radiative forcing and feedbacks in models, including the roles of chemistry and aerosols
• Use of observational constraints to constrain relevant processes and interactions
• Emulation of complex atmospheric processes using statistical, process-based or AI techniques to reduce computational overhead

We particularly welcome contributions from the global and regional modelling and observation communities to these discussions. We also encourage studies focusing on climate risk and concrete regional impacts on nature and society resulting from changes in aerosol emissions.

Solicited authors:
Øivind Hodnebrog
Convener: William Collins | Co-conveners: Bjorn H. Samset, Laura Wilcox, Paul Griffiths, Fiona O'Connor, James KeebleECSECS, Christopher SmithECSECS

The session will cover all aspects of polar stratospheric ozone, other species in the polar regions as well as all aspects of polar stratospheric clouds. Special emphasis is given to results from recent polar campaigns, including observational and model studies.

We encourage contributions on chemistry, microphysics, radiation, dynamics, small and large scale transport phenomena, mesoscale processes and polar-midlatitudinal exchange. In particular, we encourage contributions on ClOx/BrOx chemistry, chlorine activation, NAT nucleation mechanisms, on transport and mixing of processed air to lower latitudes and on the impact of wildfires and volcanic eruptions on polar ozone and polar stratospheric clouds.

We welcome contributions on polar aspects of ozone/climate interactions, including empirical analyses and coupled chemistry/climate model results and coupling between tropospheric climate patterns and high latitude ozone as well as representation of the polar vortex and polar stratospheric ozone loss in global climate models.

We particularly encourage contributions from the polar airborne field campaign as well as related activities, which aim at providing new scientific knowledge on the Arctic/Antarctic lowermost stratosphere and upper troposphere in a changing climate. Contributions from WMO's Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme and from the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) are also encouraged.

Convener: Farahnaz Khosrawi | Co-conveners: Ines Tritscher, Michael Pitts, Hideaki Nakajima

The Paris Agreement on Climate sets the international objective to keep climate warming well below two degrees. This extraordinary challenge requires a dramatic improvement of current scientific capabilities to estimate the budgets and their trends of greenhouse gases (GHG) at regional scale, and how they link up to the global growth rates of the major GHGs (N2O, CH4 and CO2). This session aims to bring together studies to help understand and quantify regional budgets, trends and variability, and drivers of major GHG (N2O, CH4 and CO2) through the analyses of emissions inventories, field and remotely-sensed observations, terrestrial and ocean biogeochemical modeling, and atmospheric inverse modeling. We encourage contributions from the REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP2), a new global assessment of the Global Carbon Project, as well as studies combining different datasets and approaches at multi-scales from regional to global.

Solicited authors:
Yolandi Ernst,Timothy DeVries
Co-organized by AS3/OS2
Convener: Ana BastosECSECS | Co-conveners: Ben Poulter, Nicolas GRUBER, Philippe Ciais, Jens Daniel MüllerECSECS

AS3.8A) Bioaerosols: detection, measurements, modelling and impacts
Primary bioaerosol particles span a wide range of sizes from tens of nm to up to 100µm. While these particles make a small contribution to the total aerosol number they contribute significantly to the total mass, with biological aerosol accounting for 15-25% of the total aerosol mass burden. The detection and classification of bioaerosol remains a significant technical challenge, where real-time methods capable of high temporal resolution are often limited by their discriminative capabilities, and offline methods which provide detailed speciation suffer from poor time resolution and difficulties in producing atmospheric concentrations. As such, accurately quantifying bioaerosol and understanding their impacts is of importance to an increasingly diverse range of research communities as they pose scientific questions relating to their influence on climate via cloud-aerosol interactions; the effects of allergenic species on public health and air quality and how this may be impacted by changes introduced by net zero policy; the agricultural health security impacts of pathogenic species; and the efficacy of early warning capabilities for national security and defence.

AS3.8B) Molecular Scale Characterisation of Aerosol and Cloud Particles
The large uncertainty associated with regional and global anthropogenic climate change is deeply rooted in our limited understanding of molecular scale processes occurring in aerosol particles and cloud droplets, which ultimately affect cloud properties and their climate impacts via modulating particle formation and growth. Atomistic scale properties of single aerosol particles, their interactions with the surrounding vapour phase molecules as well as transport processes within the particle phase typically occur on temporal and spatial scales which are attainable only by a handful of techniques. Molecular simulations (molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo) and single molecule experiments are promising methods with uniquely high spatial and temporal resolution which can complement traditional experimental and modelling approaches. Their recent emergence as tools to characterise molecular scale properties is catalysing the development of a new interdisciplinary field at the interface of molecular modelling and aerosol science, which can help address long-standing problems in new particle formation, gas-to-particle partitioning and heterogeneous nucleation.

Convener: Ian Crawford | Co-conveners: Mária Lbadaoui-Darvas, Emma Marczylo, Antoine Roose, Katerina S. Karadima, Norman Van RhijnECSECS, Athanasios Nenes
AS3.10 EDI

In recent years, microplastics and nanoplastics have become recognised as ubiquitous atmospheric pollutants in the boundary layer. However, many open questions remain regarding emissions, transport and deposition of microplastics and nanoplastics, along with atmospheric processes they may be involved in while airborne. In this session we welcome contributions from observational, laboratory and modelling studies that advance the field of airborne microplastics and nanoplastics research, including:

- Sampling and analysis of airborne micro- and nanoplastics
- Atmospheric microplastics and nanoplastics and their interactions with different environmental compartments (oceans, land and the cryosphere)
- Contributions of soils, roads and other terrestrial sources to the atmospheric micro- and nanoplastic burden
- Ocean-atmosphere exchange of microplastics and nanoplastics
- Interactions between micro- and nanoplastics and other sources of aerosol
- Interactions between microplastics, nanoplastics, radiation and clouds
- Airborne microplastics as vectors for chemical and pathogen transport
- Indoor, outdoor, urban, rural and remote microplastics and nanoplastics (measurements, observations, modelling)
- Toxicological and exposure studies related to airborne micro- and nanoplastics
- Degradation of macro-, micro- and nanoplastics in real and simulated atmospheric conditions
- Airborne sources and sinks of micro- and nanoplastics (measurements and modelling)

Convener: Laura Revell | Co-conveners: Nikolaos Evangeliou, Peter S. Liss, Dušan Materić
AS3.11 EDI

Reactive halogen species can have an important influence on the chemistry of the troposphere. For instance, chlorine atoms react faster with most hydrocarbons than OH does and inorganic bromine and iodine can catalytically destroy tropospheric ozone and oxidise mercury. These reactions have been shown to be important in in environments as different as the polar troposphere during the springtime ozone depletion events, the boundary layer over salt lakes, and volcanic plumes. There is strong evidence that halogens play a spatially even wider role in the marine boundary layer and free troposphere for ozone destruction, changes in the ratios of OH/HO2 and NO/NO2, destruction of methane, in the oxidation of mercury and in the formation of secondary aerosol. There are indications that both, oceanic sources as well as the chemistry of halogens and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) in the tropics are linked with potential implications not only for the photochemistry but also the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). More recently, marine emissions of active halogens have been linked to potential impacts on oxidants loading in coastal cities. Finally, bromine and iodine are also being proposed as proxies of past sea ice variability.

We invite contributions in the following areas dealing with tropospheric halogens on local, regional, and global scales:

- Model studies: Investigations of the chemical mechanisms leading to release, transformation and removal of reactive halogen species in the troposphere. Studies of consequences of the presence of reactive halogen species in the troposphere.

- Laboratory studies: Determination of gas- and aqueous-phase rate constants, study of complex reaction systems involving halogens, Henry's law and uptake coefficients, UV/VIS spectra, and other properties of reactive halogen species.

- Field experiments and satellite studies: Measurements of inorganic (X, XO, HOX, XONO2, ..., X = Cl, Br, I) and organic (CH3Br, CHBr3, CH3I, RX, ...) reactive halogen species and their fluxes in the troposphere with in situ and remote sensing techniques.

- Measurements and model studies of the abundance of (reactive) halogen species in volcanic plumes and transformation processes and mechanisms.

- All aspects of tropical tropospheric halogens and links to (O)VOCs: their chemistry, sources and sinks, and their impact on local, regional, and global scales.

Convener: Alfonso Saiz-Lopez | Co-conveners: Nicole Bobrowski, Rolf Sander
AS3.12 EDI

Methane is an important greenhouse gas that has contributed to ∼25% of the increase in radiative forcing experienced to date. Despite methane’s short atmospheric lifetime (~10 years), the global average methane mole fraction has increased three times faster than carbon dioxide since 1750. Rapid and severe reductions in methane emissions are required to lower peak warming, reduce the likelihood of overshooting warming limits and reduce reliance on net negative carbon dioxide emissions. In contrast to carbon dioxide, anthropogenic methane emissions originate from a large variety and number of sources including (but not limited to) oil and gas production, coal mining, fires, agriculture and waste.

A systematic and international effort on atmospheric measurements and emission quantification is needed to inform emission inventories and target mitigation strategies. This session will highlight measurement studies at all scales (from chambers to satellites) that focus on quantification of methane emissions from human activities. Particular emphasis is on studies that aim to (1) demonstrate accurate and repeatable methodologies for measurement of emissions (2) allow attribution of emissions to specific sources and (3) inform stakeholders on mitigation and policy pathways.

Solicited authors:
Friedemann Reum
Convener: James L. France | Co-conveners: Anke Roiger, Hartmut Boesch, Robert Field, Alice RamsdenECSECS
AS3.13 EDI

Volcanic aerosol clouds from major tropical eruptions cause periods of strong surface cooling in the historical climate record and are dominant influences within decadal surface temperature trends. Advancing our understanding of the influence of volcanoes on climate relies upon better knowledge of (i) the radiative forcings of past eruptions and the microphysical, chemical and dynamical processes which affect the evolution of stratospheric aerosol properties and (ii) the response mechanisms governing post-eruption climate variability and their dependency on the climate state at the time of the eruption. This can only be achieved by combining information from satellite and in-situ observations of recent eruptions, stratospheric aerosol and climate modelling activities, and reconstructions of past volcanic histories and post-eruption climate state from proxies.

In recent years the smoke from intense wildfires in North America and Australia has also been an important component of the stratospheric aerosol layer, the presence of organic aerosol and meteoric particles in background conditions now also firmly established.

This session seeks presentations from research aimed at better understanding the stratospheric aerosol layer, its volcanic perturbations and the associated impacts on climate through the post-industrial period (1750-present) and also those further back in the historical record. Observational and model studies on the 2022 eruption of Hunga Tonga are especially welcomed.

We also welcome contributions to understand the societal impacts of volcanic eruptions and the human responses to them. Contributions addressing volcanic influences on atmospheric composition, such as changes in stratospheric water vapour, ozone and other trace gases are also encouraged.

The session aims to bring together research contributing to several current international co-ordinated activities: SPARC-SSiRC, CMIP6-VolMIP, CMIP6-PMIP, and PAGES-VICS.

Convener: Davide Zanchettin | Co-conveners: Myriam Khodri, Graham Mann, Lauren MarshallECSECS, Shih-Wei FangECSECS
AS3.14 EDI

Atmospheric aerosol-cloud-climate interactions (e.g. heterogeneous nucleation, particle oxidation, photosensitization and the consequent emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs),...) are fundamental processes in the atmosphere. Despite the importance of these processes in energy transfer, cloud dynamics, precipitation formation, and hence in climate change, little is known about the molecular mechanism and the respective contribution of different environmental conditions as well as the structural and chemical surface properties of the atmospheric aerosols. Ice particles in the atmosphere, both in cirrus and mixed-phase clouds, and the VOCs emitted to the atmosphere from cloud droplets, lakes, rivers, seas and oceans contribute to the largest uncertainty in interpretations of the Earth’s changing energy budget.
Fundamental understanding of the aerosol generation, emission and properties, and the associated heterogeneous ice nucleation has become a demand. To advance our knowledge about atmospheric processes, this session aims to bring together two research areas, namely (1) Atmospheric Surface-Science (A.S.S.) and (2) Ice Nucleating Particles (INP):

(1) A.S.S. is concerned with the experimental and theoretical approaches investigating atmospheric interactions (e.g. ice nucleation processes and photochemistry at water/air interface). The goal is to fill the gap between the large-scale atmospheric processes and gas-, water-, and ice- molecular level interactions.
(2) INP are concerned with the laboratory examination, on a fundamental level, trying to understand the nucleation processes and characterizing INP in the atmosphere.

Solicited Talk: "Photosensitization is in the air and impacts the multiphase on oxidation capacity", Christian George, Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, IRCELYON, F-69626, Villeurbanne, France.

We may point to the possibility to attend the Workshop on Bioaerosols and Ice Nucleation in Vienna, 22nd to 23rd April 2023. Details can be found here: https://www.tuwien.at/en/tch/pc/physical-chemistry-of-atmosphere/workshop

Solicited authors:
Christian George
Convener: Ahmed Abdelmonem | Co-conveners: Hinrich Grothe, Luisa Ickes, Sylvia Sullivan, Stephanie JonesECSECS, Odran Sourdeval

Cities are hotspots for the emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases from traffic, industry, household heating and energy production. Air pollution impacts are episodic and often exacerbated during heat waves, and greenhouse gases are often co-emitted with air pollutants. These relationships make cities both a major driver of climate change, and the locus of many harmful climate impacts. Urban air quality and the effect of policy measures are a challenge to monitor with traditional fixed stations or with models, because of the extreme variability in the cities’ geometry and emission patterns.

This session intends to bring together researchers of urban air quality and greenhouse gases. We invite submissions on topics related to urban air quality, heat stress, urban carbon budgets, and air pollution impacts including health. Topics may include sensor networks, personal monitoring, airborne observations, high spatial and temporal resolution model approaches, downscaling, source apportionment, isotopic source attribution methods, atmospheric processes, mechanisms for air quality deterioration, biogenic and anthropogenic precursors, allergens, community and personal exposure quantification, and air pollution effects.

Solicited authors:
Linda George,Jia Chen
Convener: Juliane Fry | Co-conveners: Ulrike Dusek, Sander Houweling, Dominik Brunner
AS3.16 EDI

The aim of this general session is to bring together the scientific community within air pollution modelling. The focus is ongoing research, new results and current problems related to the field of modelling the atmospheric transport and transformation of air pollutants and precursors on global, regional and local scales.

All presentations covering the research area of air pollution modelling are welcome, including recent model developments, applications and evaluations, physical and chemical parameterisations, process understanding, model testing, evaluation and uncertainty estimates, emissions, numerical methods, model systems and integration, forecasting, event-studies, scenarios, ensembles, assessment, etc.

Convener: Ulas Im | Co-conveners: Jørgen Brandt, Andrea Pozzer, Zhuyun Ye, Nikos DaskalakisECSECS
AS3.17 EDI

The session focuses on the variability of the tropospheric and stratospheric chemical composition on the timescales from diurnal to decadal. It discusses the processes driving this variability and attribution of changes to specific drivers. Special emphasis is put on the value of high-quality long-term measurement data sets both from scientific and societal perspective and their sustainability. Supporting model simulations on different scales that utilize observational data will also be discussed. Contributions related to emerging constituents, new data sources and approached to atmospheric composition monitoring (e.g. low cost sensor, emerging measurement techniques), measurement campaign that addresses specific processes and long-term projections of the atmospheric chemical composition are also welcome in the session. The presentations that address policy-relevant datasets on atmospheric composition are cordially invited.
Researchers are invited to present novel scientific results from mid- and long-term observational time series from various programmes and networks such as the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme, European Monitoring, and Evaluation Programme (EMEP), Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC), Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ), Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), regular airborne (e.g. CARIBIC, IAGOS, CONTRAIL) and other campaigns as well as satellite data and model simulations. Data relevant to tropospheric and stratospheric composition, in particular, related to ozone depletion, climate change, and air quality as well as firn data on past atmospheric composition are welcome. We welcome contributions from multi-year modeling studies and inter-comparison exercises that address past and future tropospheric or stratospheric composition changes, carried out in the framework of international projects and initiatives.

Convener: Oksana Tarasova | Co-conveners: Andrea Pozzer, Bin QuECSECS, Euan Nisbet, Pedro Jimenez-Guerrero

Tropospheric ozone plays an important role in climate and air quality as a greenhouse gas and air pollutant with harmful impacts to human health, crops and ecosystems. This session will focus on studies that will facilitate ongoing assessments of ozone trends, examine trends in ozone precursor emissions and quantify the impacts of these trends on human health, vegetation and climate. We particularly welcome contributions in the following topic areas:
- Regional and global ozone trend analyses from surface, free troposphere and satellite observations
- Ozone trend attribution studies using ozone chemical precursor observations
- Impacts of tropospheric ozone pollution on human health, vegetation and climate
- Global and regional model studies of past and future ozone changes and their attribution
- Synthesis evaluations of relevant processes (deposition, stratosphere-troposphere exchange, radiative forcing, etc.)
- Comparative studies on urban ozone processes and evolution
- Harmonization and evaluation of ground based instruments for free tropospheric ozone measurements
- Chemical reanalysis
- Machine learning and data fusion approaches to enhance the quality and resolution of ozone analyses and forecasts

We welcome all abstracts that address the topics above and we especially encourage abstracts from members of the Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) Phase II working groups.

Convener: Helen Worden | Co-conveners: Martin Schultz, Owen Cooper
AS3.20 EDI

Instrumentation and its development play a key role in advancing research, providing state-of-the-art tools to address scientific "open questions" and to enable novel fields of research leading to new discoveries.
Over the last several decades, atmospheric environmental monitoring has benefited from the development of novel spectroscopic measurement techniques owing to the significant breakthroughs in photonic technology from the UV to Microwave spectral regions. These advances open new research avenues for observation of spatial and long-term trends in key atmospheric precursors, thus improving our understanding of tropospheric chemical processes and trends that affect regional air quality and global climate change. Extensive development of spectroscopic instruments for sensing the atmosphere continues toward improving performance and functionality, and reducing size and cost.
This focus session addresses the latest developments and advances in a broad range of spectroscopic instrumentation and photonic/optoelectronic devices and technologies, and their integration for a variety of atmospheric applications. The objective is to provide a platform for sharing information on state-of-the-art and emerging developments in photonic instrumentation for atmospheric sensing. This interdis¬ciplinary forum aims to foster discussion among experimentalists, atmospheric scientists, and development engineers. It is also an opportunity for R&D and analytical equipment companies to evaluate the capabilities of new instrumentation and techniques.
Topics for presentation include novel spectroscopic methods and instruments for measuring atmospheric aerosols, isotopologues, trace gases and radicals. In situ and remote observations, vertical concentration profiles, and flux measurements are all welcome. Spectroscopic methods could include high performance absorption spectroscopy (such as Dual Comb Spectroscopy, broadband and laser-based cavity-enhanced spectroscopies and multipass systems, and other high-sensitivity spectroscopic methods), fluorescence techniques, heterodyne radiometry, and aerosol spectroscopy. Applications and novel demonstrations including field observations, airborne platforms (UAV, balloon, aircraft), geological exploration, and smog chamber studies are welcome. Creative approaches using new photonic technologies, methodologies, and data analysis tools are particularly encouraged.